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Try College 101

Unit 3: Create an Effective Time Management Plan   This unit will help you create a reasonable time-management plan that emphasizes an appropriate amount of time for you to spend on school-related work. One of the most interesting activities in this unit will help you accurately identify how you spend the hours in your week. If you work through the diagnostic questionnaires included in this unit honestly, you may be surprised to learn how much time you spend doing (or not doing) ordinary activities. Many peoples’ first estimates about where their time goes are inaccurate, so do not be surprised if you have to adjust your first guess.
 
One of the most difficult life lessons to learn is that, as adults, we simply will not have enough time for everything we want to do. This unit will help you come up with a realistic plan that prioritizes the things that are most important to you based on the values and goals you have already identified and schedule time to ensure that you can accomplish them. Next, you will learn about strategies for sticking to your schedule in the face of distractions, frustration, procrastination, and non-academic personal commitments. Finally, you will see how two basic tools – a calendar planner and a daily to-do list – can be powerful assets in your time-management plan.

Unit 3 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 7 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 3.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 3.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 3.3: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 3.4: 0.25 hour

☐    Subunit 3.5: 0.75 hour

☐    Subunit 3.6: 1 hour
 
☐    Unit 3 Assessment: 1 hour

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - identify your time personality, explain how you currently spend your time, and brainstorm how you can spend your time more effectively to achive your academic goals;
  - define personal time management strategies that may work for you;
  - list strategies to combat procrastination;
  - use a calendar planner and daily to-do list to plan ahead for study tasks and manage time effectively; and
  - employ tools to achieve effective personal time management.

3.1 Where Does Your Time Go?   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success“Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the introductory text and the text under the heading titled “Time and Your Personality.” Be sure to complete Activity 2, “Where Does the Time Go?,” to estimate how you spend the hours in your day. In the next subunit, you will gather data about how you actualy spend your personal time using the Daily Time Log in Figure 2.4 of this reading.
 
Please note that this reading also covers information you need to know for subunits 3.1.1-3.1.3 below.

 Reading this section and completing the activities should take you
approximately 1 hour to complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.1.1 Account for Your Time   - Web Media: Virginia Tech: Cook Counseling Center’s “Where Does Time Go?” Link: Virginia Tech: Cook Counseling Center’s “Where Does Time Go?” (HTML)
 
Instructions: You can use this web media resource to review Activity 2, “Where Does the Time Go?” in the reading assigned beneathSubunit 3.1 above. The point of this activity – whether you complete it in the reading or with this web resource – is for you to estimate where you think you spend your time. After you have completed this activity, spend time during one day using the Daily Time Log in Figure 2.4 of the reading to collect data about how you actually spend your time. The time you spend to faithfully record your activities in the Daily Time Log will pay off in the long run as you come to understand your own time personality better. Keep the data you collect, as you will use it in subunit 3.1.2 and 3.2 below. You may be surprised to learn that your time estimates may not have been very accurate!
  
Completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes, along with a few minutes periodically over a whole day for recording time spent on your actual activities.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.1.2 Recognize Your Time Personality   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned beneath subunit 3.1 above. Compare your estimates from Activity 2, “Where Does the Time Go?,” with the actual data you have collected in your Daily Time Log. This comparison will help you develop a better understanding of how you can adjust how your time is spent. In your notebook, jot down a few sentences recording your reactions to your data and brainstorming how you might adjust your time usage. Spend approximately 30 minutes comparing your data and reflecting on your daily time use in your notebook.

3.2 Where Should Your Time Go?   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success“Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the text from “Time Management” through “Time Management Strategies for Success.” Make sure to complete Activity 3, “Where Should Your Time Go?” You can then use the resources assigned in subunit 3.1 and 3.1.1 above to further assist you with determining what your typical week should look like, in order to ensure that you have scheduled enough time to stay on track.  

 Reading this section and completing the activity should take you
approximately 15 minutes to complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.2.1 Determine How Much Study Time You Need   - Web Media: Study Guides and Strategies’ “My Weekly Schedule” Link: Study Guides and Strategies’ “My Weekly Schedule” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Using the data you collected about your own time use and needs in subunit 3.1 and 3.1.1, use this interactive log to create a reasonable weekly schedule that includes enough time for the activities that are most important for you to prioritize in order to reach your college goals.
 
Completing this activity should take you approximately 1 hour.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.2.2 Strategies for Using Time Wisely   - Lecture: The Saylor Foundation: Becky Samitore-Durand’s “Time Management and Scheduling Strategies” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Becky Samitore-Durand’s “Time Management and Scheduling Strategies” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read through this PowerPoint presentation. Each slide reviews and expands upon information covered in material you have read so far.
 
Reading through this presentation should take you approximately 30 minutes to complete.

  • Web Media: Mind Tools’ “How Good Is Your Time Management?” Link: Mind Tools’ “How Good Is Your Time Management?” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: This is an extremely valuable exercise. Read the introduction and answer the questions based on your own self-evaluation; then, click on the “Calculate my Total” button. Be sure to read not only the personalized score interpretation but also the evaluations below that are based on various time management skills. No matter how much attention you give to these skills over your lifetime, you will always benefit from reviewing these strategies
     
    Completing this activity should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.3 The Battle with Procrastination   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2: Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success“Chapter 2: Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: As you read through the section below the “Battling Procrastination” heading, you will become more familiar with the causes and symptoms of procrastination and learn ways to beat it. In your notebook, list some examples of personal challenges with procrastination that you have encountered in your academic life so far; then, brainstorm a few ways you can combat these challenges in the future.
 
Please note that this reading covers the topics outlined in subunits 3.3.1-3.3.3 below.
 
Reading this section and responding to the notebook prompt should take you approximately 15 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.3.1 Identifying Procrastination   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned beneath subunit 3.3 above. For this subunit, focus on reviewing the reading’s definition of procrastination and how to identify procrastination when it happens. Reflect on your own academic experience: Are there any instances you can remember when you were procrastinating but didn’t know it? 

3.3.2 Reasons for Procrastination   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned beneath subunit 3.3 above. In your notebook, answer the following question: What are some of the reasons why people procrastinate? Make a list outlining some of the reasons you may procrastinate in completing your college coursework. Spend approximately 15 minutes considering this topic and writing in your notebook.

3.3.3 Strategies for Beating Procrastination   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned beneath subunit 3.3 above. For this subunit, write a few sentences in your notebook about which strategies for beating procrastination may be the most helpful to you personally, and why. Spend approximately 15 minutes considering this topic and writing in your notebook.

3.4 Using Calendar Planners and To-Do Lists   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2: Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success“Chapter 2: Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the section below the “Calendar Planners and To-Do Lists” heading. You will see an example of a weekly planner in Figures 2.5 and 2.6 and will read about how to use this tool effectively.  You will also read about how to use a to-do list most efficiently. While these topics may seem obvious, the text offers several useful tips you may not have considered previously.

 Reading this section should take you approximately 15 minutes to
complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.4.1 Weekly Academic Planners   Note: This topic is covered by the reading beneath subunit 3.4.  Read about how to use a calendar planner to help you plan ahead to use your study time most effectively. Pay special attention to Figure 2.6 and the tips that follow it. 

3.4.2 Daily To-Do Lists   Note: This topic is covered by the reading beneath subunit 3.4.  Read about different ways to use to-do lists along with your planner to get and to stay organized.

3.5 Special Tips   3.5.1 Students Who Work   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success“Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the section entitled “Time Management Tips for Students Who Work” to learn how to balance attending school and working a job.  

 Reading this section should take you approximately 15 minutes to
complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.5.2 Students with Families   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success: “Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the section below the “Time Management Tips for Students with Family” heading to learn how to balance family obligations with your undergraduate workload.
 
Reading this section should take you approximately 15 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.5.3 Student Athletes   - Reading: College Success: “Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” Link: College Success“Chapter 2, Section 2.3: Organizing Your Time” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the section under the “Time Management Tips for Student Athletes” heading.  

 Reading this section should take you approximately 15 minutes to
complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.6 Evaluate Your Time Management Knowledge and Skills   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation: Becky Samitore-Durand’s “Time Management Activity” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Becky Samitore-Durand’s “Time Management Activity” (PDF)
 
Instructions: If you have not yet done so, now is time to pull out your academic planner or calendar and put it to work. Based on what you have learned in this unit, review the syllabus for this course and any other course/s you are taking. Record class times, appointments, study sessions, project milestones, goal action items, deadlines, test dates, and other important dates or activities. Once you have completed this activity, do not forget to update and review your planner or calendar as you meet your goals and set new ones.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.

Unit 3 Assessment   Being able to properly manage your time is an essential asset for maximizing your college success. The following activities are devoted to equipping you with the tools you need to best manage your time. After you complete the three activities below, you will answer some review questions about this unit.

  • Activity: Mind Tools' “How Good is Your Time Management” Link: Mind Tools' “How Good is Your Time Management” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: How well do you manage your time? Complete this interactive time management quiz. Be sure to record and assess your score using the scoring guide provided for you. Then, study the key components of time management that are outlined below the quiz and consider how these components are reflected in your own time management habits.
     
    Completing this activity should take approximately 15 minutes.

  • Activity: Virginia Tech: The Cook Counseling Center's “Where Does Time Go?” Link: Virginia Tech: The Cook Counseling Center's “Where Does Time Go?” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Using the interactive scheduling feature, develop a reasonable weekly timetable that will allow you to successfully balance schoolwork with healthy physical and social activities, as well as any work and family commitments you may have.
     
    Developing your weekly schedule should take approximately 15 minutes to complete.

  • Activity: Study Guides and Strategies: “My Weekly Schedule: Time Management Exercise” Link: Study Guides and Strategies: “My Weekly Schedule: Time Management Exercise” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Now that you know how you spend the hours in a week, use this interactive site to help you build a calendar of when to get everything done.
     
    Completing this activity should take approximately 15 minutes.

  • Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Time Management Review Questions” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Time Management Review Questions” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Now that you have completed the time management exercises above, use your results to answer the following questions. If you feel comfortable sharing your answers, consider posting your responses on the Try College 101 Discussion Board after you finish.
     
    Completing these review questions should take approximately 15 minute to complete.