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PSYCH405: Theories of Personality

Unit 3: Cognitive and Behavioral Theories of Personality   This next unit will address two different clinical perspectives on personality.  These perspectives focused less on the influence of childhood experiences and instead maintained that the root of personality centers on an individual’s pattern of thoughts and behaviors.  These theories had a large impact on personality psychology and have helped to increase our understanding of the expression of personality.  In this unit, you will first learn about the cognitive theories of personality as theorized by Albert Ellis.  Second, you will learn about George Kelly and his theory of personality, which centers on cognitions.  Lastly, you will learn about B.F. Skinner, a psychologist who played a seminal role in developing the behaviorist theory of personality.

Unit 3 Time Advisory
This unit will take you 20 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 3.1: 5 hours

☐    Subunit 3.2: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 3.3: 6 hours

☐    Subunit 3.4: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 3.5: 4 hours

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the purpose and function of comprehensive clinical theories in the field of personality psychology.
  • Describe the historical context of two major theories within the clinical perspective of personality psychology.
  • Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, and humanistic theories of personality.

3.1 Albert Ellis and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: “Albert Ellis” and REBT Network: Dr. William J. Knaus’s “Rational Emotive Education” Link: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "Albert Ellis" (HTML) and REBT Network: Dr. William J. Knaus’s "Rational Emotive Education" (PDF)
 
Instructions: These readings will cover subunits 3.1.1-3.1.3.  For the first reading, please read the entirety of the webpage entitled “Albert Ellis.”  For the second reading, please click on the link above and scroll down to the “NEWS” section on the right hand side of the webpage.  Click on and download the free e-book entitled “Rational Emotive Education.”  Once downloaded, please read pages 9-37 (as indicated in the PDF bar at the top of the screen), which includes Part I, II, III, and IV.  The first three parts will provide you with an introduction to the basic theory and assumptions of the rational emotive behavior therapy.  The last part will provide you with an example of how this theory can be applied to real life situations.  Feel free to peruse the “background for the teacher” section of the remaining parts, as this will provide further useful information regarding rational emotive theory. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

  • Activity: REBT Network’s “REBT Self-Help Form” and “Disputing Irrational Beliefs Form”  Link: REBT Network’s "REBT Self-Help Form" (HTML) and "Disputing Irrational Beliefs Form" (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the above links and complete the exercises.  This activity is an experiential exercise that will help you to understand the rational emotive behavior therapy principles. 
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

3.1.1 Albert Ellis: Biography   3.1.2 Cognitive Theory of Personality: Irrationality and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)   3.1.3 An example of REBT’s Wide Ranging Applicability   3.2 An Introduction to George Kelly   - Reading: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s “George A. Kelly” Link: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s “George A. Kelly” (HTML)
 
Instructions: This reading covers subunits 3.2.1-3.2.3.  Please read the entirety of this short biography of George A. Kelly.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

3.2.1 Kelly’s Religious Background   3.2.2 Kelly and the Great Depression   3.2.3 Kelly’s Contributions   3.3 George Kelly’s Personal Construct Psychology   - Reading: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s “Personal Construct Theory” Link: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s "Personal Construct Theory"  (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please note that this reading covers subunits 3.3.1-3.3.3.  The reading under 3.3.3 is an additional required reading specific to the fundamental postulate and corollaries proposed by Kelly.  Please read the entirety of this webpage.  Also, to read more about the terms used in this webpage, click on the following underlined words: constructs, extensions, invalidates, and core structures. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

  • Lecture: University of California, Berkeley: Professor Oliver John’s “Monday 11/14: Cognitive Complexity,” “Wednesday 11/16: Kelly’s Cognitive Theory,” and “Monday 11/21: Kelly’s Cognitive Theory” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

3.3.1 Persons as Scientists   3.3.2 Constructions   3.3.3 The Fundamental Postulate and Corollaries   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: “George Kelly” Link: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "George Kelly" (HTML)

 Instructions: This reading will cover subunit 3.2.3 and introduce
you to subunit 5.3.  Please click on the link above, scroll down and
read the sections entitled “Theory,” “Psychopathology and Therapy,”
and “Discussion,” which will provide you with more information
regarding George Kelly’s Fundamental Postulate and 11
Corollaries.   
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above. 

3.4 George Kelly’s Psychotherapy   3.4.1 George Kelly and Constructivist Psychotherapy   - Reading: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s “Constructivist Psychotherapies” Link: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s "Constructivist Psychotherapies" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of this webpage.  Also, to read more about the terms used in this webpage, click on the following underlined words: constructivism and constructive alternativism.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.  

3.4.2 Core Constructs   - Reading: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s “Core Constructs” Link: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s "Core Constructs" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of this webpage. 
           
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

3.4.3 Fixed Role Therapy: Self-Characterization and the Repertory Grid Methods   - Reading: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s “Fixed Role Therapy” Link: The Internet Encyclopedia of Personal Construct Psychology: Professor Robert Neimeyer’s and Professor Sara K. Bridges’s "Fixed Role Therapy" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of this webpage.  Also, to read more about the terms used in this webpage, click on the following underlined words: self-characterization and repertory grid methods. 
           
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

3.4.4 Perspectives on George Kelly’s Therapy   - Reading: Toward an Ecology of the Mind: Professor Vincent Kenny’s “The Psychological Reconstruction of Life: An Introduction to Personal Construct Psychotherapy” Link: Toward an Ecology of the Mind: Professor Vincent Kenny’s "The Psychological Reconstruction of Life: An Introduction to Personal Construct Psychotherapy" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of this webpage to gain a more in-depth sense of George Kelly’s theory and created form of psychotherapy.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

3.5 B.F. Skinner and Behaviorism   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: “B.F. Skinner” Link: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "B.F. Skinner" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please note that this reading covers subunits 3.5.1-3.5.2.  Please read the entirety of this webpage. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

  • Lecture: University of California, Berkeley: Professor Oliver John’s Monday 11/7: Kelly’s Cognitive Theory" and Wednesday 11/9: Kelly’s Cognitive Theory" The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

3.5.1 B.F. Skinner: Biography   3.5.2 Behavioral Theory of Personality