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PSYCH405: Theories of Personality

Unit 2: The Clinical Perspective of Personality Psychology: Psychodynamic and Humanistic Perspectives   As you have learned from your readings in unit 1, a core project of personality psychology is to synthesize and test comprehensive and integrative theories of personality.  Although the recent trend is towards creating and testing “mini-theories,” the classic voices in personality psychology have greatly influenced ideas regarding human development and personality.  These voices took on a clinical perspective, in that they seek to explain the development of personality within the context of the individual’s environment and address factors which contribute to psychopathology.  These next two units will address four such seminal theories in personality psychology. 

In this unit, you will first learn about the purpose and function of comprehensive clinical theories in the field of personality psychology.  Next, you will learn how personality is measured on an individual level from a clinical perspective.  Finally, you will learn about Sigmund Freud’s personality theory, subsequent influential psychodynamic theories, and Carl Roger’s Humanistic personality theory.

Unit 2 Time Advisory
This unit will take you 23 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 2.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 2.2: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 2.3: 7 hours

☐    Subunit 2.4: 7 hours

☐    Subunit 2.5: 7 hours

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the purpose and function of comprehensive clinical theories in the field of personality psychology.
  • Describe the historical context of two major theories within the clinical perspective of personality psychology.
  • Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, and humanistic theories of personality.

  • Reading: MAJKF's version of Virtual University of Pakistan’s "Personality Psychology" Links: MAJKF’s version of Virtual University of Pakistan’s "Personality Psychology" (PDF)
     
    Instructions: This reading will cover 2.1.1-2.1.4 and subunits 2.2.1-2.2.2 and is geared toward introducing you to the notion of personality from a clinical perspective.  Read lessons 1 through 3, “Personality Theories”, "Personality Measurement", and "Main Perspectives" (pages 1- 16).
     
    Terms of Use: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License, and is attributed to the Virtual University of Pakistan. You can find the original document at the VU Open Courseware site. Please respect their terms of use.

2.1 What Is Personality?   2.1.1 Theories of Personality   2.1.2 What Makes a Good Theory?   2.1.3 Personality Defined   2.1.4 What Is Happening at Present   2.2 Measurement of Personality   2.2.1 Interviews and Observations   2.2.2 Rating Scales   2.2.3 Personality and Projective Tests   2.3 Freud and the Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories:“Sigmund Freud” and Personality Pedagogy’s version of Sigmund Freud’s “The Anatomy of the Mental Personality” (1933) Links: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "Sigmund Freud" (PDF) and Personality Pedagogy’s version of Sigmund Freud’s "The Anatomy of the Mental Personality"(1933) (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read these two webpages, which readings will cover subunits 2.3.1-2.3.4.    

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpages above.
  • Lecture: University of California, Berkeley: Professor Oliver John’s "Wednesday 9/14: Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory," "Monday 9/19: Psychodynamics: Applications and Extensions" and "Wednesday 9/21: Psychodynamics: Applications and Extensions” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

2.3.1 Levels of Consciousness   2.3.2 Levels of Personality   2.3.3 Psychosexual Stages   2.3.4 Types of Anxiety and Defenses   2.4 Psychodynamic Theories of Personality   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "Anna Freud," "Carl Jung," "Karen Horney," and "Alfred Adler" and “Erik Erikson” Links: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "Anna Freud," "Carl Jung," "Karen Horney," "Alfred Adler, " and "Erik Erikson"
 
Note:  All the websites above are in HTML format.
 
Instructions: These readings cover subunits 2.4.1-2.4.5.  Please click on the links above and read the entirety of these webpages. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: University of California, Berkeley: Professor Oliver John’s "Monday 9/26: Rogers Phenomenological Theory," "Wednesday 9/28: Rogers Phenomenological Theory," and "Monday 10/3: Human Potential, the Self, and Self-Actualization" The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

2.4.1 Anna Freud   2.4.2 Carl Jung   2.4.3 Karen Horney   2.4.4 Alfred Adler   2.4.5 Erik Erikson   2.5 Humanistic Theory of Personality   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: “Carl Rogers” and York University: Dr. Christopher D. Green’s version of Carl Rogers’s (1947) "Some Observations on the Organization of Personality" Link: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "Carl Rogers" (HTML) and York University: Dr. Christopher D. Green’s version of Carl Rogers’s (1947) "Some Observations on the Organization of Personality" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please note that these readings cover subunits 2.5.1-2.5.5.  Please click on the above links and read the entirety of these webpages. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

  • Lecture: University of California, Berkeley: Professor Oliver John’s "Wednesday 10/5: Human Potential, the Self, Self-Actualization," "Monday 10/10: Early Trait Approaches," "Wednesday 10/12: Early Trait Approaches," and “Monday 10/17: The Five Factor Model” webcasts. The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

2.5.1 Biography   2.5.2 Views on Human Nature   2.5.3 Positive Self-Regard and Conditions of Worth   2.5.4 Perceptual Distortions   2.5.5 The Fully Functioning Person   2.5.6 Abraham Maslow   - Reading: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: “Abraham Maslow” Link: Dr. C. George Boeree’s Personality Theories: "Abraham Maslow” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the webpage in its entirety.   
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.