Loading...

PSYCH402: Neuropsychology

Unit 1: The Development of Neuropsychology   Although neurospsychology is relatively new as a formal discipline, the brain and its mysterious functioning have prompted study and investigation since ancient Greece. It is only recently, however, that we have begun to study the brain scientifically. This unit will review the origins of neuropsychology as a scientific practice and introduce its principal concepts and theories.

Unit 1 Time Advisory
This unit will take you approximately 9hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 1.1: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 1.2: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 1.3: 3 hours

Unit1 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
  - distinguish between the central and peripheral nervous systems; - describe gross brain anatomy; - describe the basic interactions between the central and peripheral nervous systems; - define and provide examples of materialism; - define and provide examples of Cartesian dualism; - describe the mind-body problem; - describe the development of localization of function within the brain; - describe the two basic language-processing areas of the brain; - describe the gross anatomy of nerve cells; and - define the functions and operations of mirror neurons.

1.1 The Brain Hypothesis   1.1.1 What is the Brain?   - Web Media: YouTube: nucleusanimation.com’s “Anatomy and Functional Areas of the Brain” Link: YouTube: nucleusanimation.com’s “Anatomy and Functional Areas of the Brain” (YouTube)
 
Also available in:
Adobe Flash
 
Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to the webpageand start the video. NOTE: This video has no audio track.

 Watching this video should take approximately 2 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
included on the above webpage.
  • Web Media: YouTube: Interactive Biology’s “An Introduction to the Nervous System” Link: YouTube: Interactive Biology’s “An Introduction to the Nervous System (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to the webpageand start the video. 

    Watching this video should take approximately 3 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.1.2 How does the Brain Relate to the Nervous System?   - Web Media: YouTube: Duke Raleigh Hospital, Dr. Vinod Krishnan’s, “Peripheral Nervous System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology” Link: YouTube: Duke Raleigh Hospital, Dr. Vinod Krishnan’s, “Peripheral Nervous System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology” (YouTube)
 
Also available in:
Adobe Flash
 
Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to the webpage and start the video. 

 Watch the first portion of the lecture, to approximately the 15:15
point.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
included on the above webpage.

1.1.3 Aristotle and the Mind vs. Descartes and the Mind-Body Dualism   - Reading: The Information Philosopher: “History of the Problem of Knowledge” Link: The Information Philosopher: “History of the Problem of Knowledge” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read this article to learn about how early philosophical works handled the problem of knowledge, or epistemology, especially proving that knowledge is possible. Read about fundamental philosophers such as the Sophists, Plato, and Socrates, and apply that foundation to the distinction between Aristotle and Descartes. Note Aristotle’s view that all things are a combination of form and matter and understanding how physical things change is just as important as their essence vs. Descartes’ view that knowledge is subjective and the focus should be on internal thoughts instead of the external world. Key concepts such as a priori, dialectical, sophistical, foundationalism, and internalism will help distinguish between Aristotle and Descartes’ views.
 
Reading this article should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. It is attributed to The Information Philosopher, and the original version can be found here.

  • Web Media: YouTube: www.psychnut.com, Dr. Ken Tangen’s, “If You Know Nothing About Psych: Mind-Body Problem” Link: YouTube: www.psychnut.com, Dr. Ken Tangen’s, “If You Know Nothing About Psych: Mind-Body Problem” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to the webpage and start the video.  

    Watching this video should take approximately 8 minutes. 

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.1.4 Darwin and Materialism   - Reading: vision.net, Alex Paterson’s “Philosophical Materialism” Link: vision.net, Alex Paterson’s “Philosophical Materialism” (HTML)
           
Instructions: Use the link above to navigate to the webpage and read the entire main text.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.2 Experimental Approaches to Brain Function   1.2.1 Localization of Function   - Reading: serendip.com’s “Mind, Brain, and Adaptation: The Localization of Cerebral Function” Link: serendip.com’s “Mind, Brain, and Adaptation: The Localization of Cerebral Function” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Use the link above to navigate to the webpage and read the entire main text.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

  • Web Media: YouTube: FirstScience.TV’s “Phrenology—Studying the Shape of the Head” Link: YouTube: FirstScience.TV’s “Phrenology—Studying the Shape of the Head” (YouTube)
     
    Also available in:
    Adobe Flash
     
    Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to the webpage and start the video. 

    Watching this video should take 3 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.2.2 Localization and Lateralization of Language   - Web Media: Learner.org, Teacher Resources, The Brain: Teaching modules, “6: Language and Speech: Broca’s and Wernicke’s Areas” Link: Learner.org, Teacher Resources, The Brain: Teaching modules, “6: Language and Speech: Broca’s and Wernicke’s Areas (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to webpage and start the video. 

 Watching this video should take approximately 8 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
included on the above webpage.

1.2.3 Hierarchical Organization and Distributed Systems in the Brain   - Reading: answers.com, Alan Cowey’s “Localization of Brain Function and Cortical Maps” Link: answers.com, Alan Cowey’s “Localization of Brain Function and Cortical Maps” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Use the link above to navigate to the webpage and read the entire main text.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.3 The Neuron Hypothesis   1.3.1 The Nervous System and its Cells   - Web Media: Pearson Education’s “Live!psych: The Nervous System and its Cells” Link: Pearson Education’s “Live!psych: The Nervous System and its Cells” (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions: Click the link above to navigate to the webpage. Click the links on the left to view all five (5) sections. Note that some sections have more than one screen (see the right-pointing triangle at the lower right).
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.3.2 Identifying Neurons   - Reading: Nobelprize.org: Marina Bentivoglio’s “Life and Discoveries of Camillo Golgi” Link: Nobelprize.org, Marina Bentivoglio’s “Life and Discoveries of Camillo Golgi” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Use the link above to navigate to the webpage and read the entire main text.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

  • Reading: Nobelprize.org: Marina Bentivoglio’s “Life and Discoveries of Santiago Ramón y Cajal” Link: Nobelprize.org: Marina Bentivoglio’s “Life and Discoveries of Santiago Ramón y Cajal” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Use the link above to navigate to the webpage and read the entire main text.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.3.3 Electrical Activity of Neurons and Behavior   - Reading: Scientific American: Daniel Lametti’s “Mirroring Behavior” Link: Scientific American: Daniel Lametti’s “Mirroring Behavior” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Use the link above to navigate to the webpage and read the entire main text. NOTE: This reading applies to subsections 1.3.3 and 1.3.4.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use included on the above webpage.

1.3.4 Connections Between Neurons and Learning