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PSYCH401: Abnormal Behavior

Unit 10: Personality Disorders   The disorders we have learned about thus far are treatable through both psychotropic medication and psychosocial interventions. These disorders have a distinct course and often involve precipitants that cause symptoms to intensify. They are characterized as “Axis I Disorders,” or major mental disorders known as clinical disorders. In this unit, we will switch gears and discuss a different set of psychological disorders—that of personality disorders—which fall into the “Axis II Disorders” category in the DSM-IV-TR. Although there is some controversy surrounding the distinctions between these disorders and the existence of these disorders, most clinicians agree that there are groups of people who come to treatment with similar profiles or traits. Whether or not these clients present with odd or eccentric behavior; dramatic, emotional, or erratic behavior; or anxious or fearful behavior, they all seem to share a difficulty with creating and maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships. In this unit, we will first learn how to define personality and what is normal versus abnormalin the realm of traits. Next, we will learn about the problematic and controversial aspects of diagnosing individuals with personality disorders. We will also learn about the different ways of being and behaving that characterize a variety of personality disorders. Finally, we will turn our attention to the research on personality disorders and the treatment recommendations and prognosis of such disorders.  

Unit 10 Time Advisory
Completing this unit will take you approximately 9.5 hours.

☐     Unit 10 Introduction: 1 hour

☐     Subunit 10.1: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 10.2: 4.5 hours
    ☐     Introduction: 4 hours

☐     Subunit 10.2.1: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 10.2.2: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 10.3: 1 hour

☐     Subunit 10.4: 1 hour

☐     Subunit 10.5: 0.75 hour

☐     Subunit 10.6: 1 hour

Unit10 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - define personality, and explain how personality is differentiated between normal and abnormal; - explain the historical context and current conceptualizations of personality disorders; - identify the common characteristics among personality disorders; - describe the controversial and problematic aspects of personality disorder diagnosis; - compare and contrast as well as discuss the diagnostic criteria for and characteristics of the various personality disorders under Clusters A, B, and C in the DSM-IV; - explain the findings regarding the research on personality disorders; and - identify the treatment recommendations for clinical work with clients who meet diagnostic criteria for personality disorder and the prognosis of such treatment.

  • Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 10: Personality and Personality Disorders” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 10: Personality and Personality Disorders” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Download “Chapter 10: Personality and Personality Disorders,” and read this chapter (21 pages) for a comparison of normal and abnormal personality as well as a discussion of personality disorders. This reading will cover the topics outlined in subunits 10.1–10.8 as well as any inclusive subunits. 

    Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license.

10.1 Personality Defined   Note: The reading assigned below the Unit 10 introduction covers this topic. In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Personality” on page 2. To cover subunits 10.1.1 through 10.1.3, take approximately 15 minutes to review pages 2–5.

10.1.1 Normal versus Abnormal   Note: The reading assigned below the Unit 10 introduction covers this topic. In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Normal versus Abnormal” on page 2. 

10.1.2 Dimensional Model and Assessment Method   Note: The reading assigned below the Unit 10 introduction covers this topic. In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Dimensional Model and Assessment Method” on pages 4 and 5.

10.1.3 Categorical Model and Assessment Method   Note: The reading assigned below the Unit 10 introduction covers this topic. In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Categorical Model and Assessment Method” on page 5.

10.2 Introduction to Personality Disorders   - Reading: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “Introduction to the Personality Disorders” Link: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology“Introduction to the Personality Disorders” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read this chapter for an overview of the personality disorders. This reading covers the topics outlined in subunits 10.2–10.8 as well as any inclusive subunits.

 Studying this reading should take approximately 4 hours.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDervis 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).  
  

10.2.1 Common Characteristics   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. In particular, review the first section titled “Basic Concept of a Personality Disorder” through “DSM-V Changes.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material. 

10.2.2 Controversial and Problematic Areas of Diagnosis   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the section titled “Diagnostic Dilemmas in Classifying Personality Disorders.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this section. 

10.3 Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric Disorders (a.k.a Schizophrenia Spectrum)   10.3.1 Paranoid   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the sections titled “Cluster A” and “Paranoid Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review these sections.

10.3.2 Schizoid   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the sections titled “Cluster A” and Schizoid Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review these sections.

10.3.3 Schizotypal   Note: The readings assigned below subunit 10.2 cover this topic. Review the sections titled “Cluster A” and “Schizotypal Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review these sections.

10.3.4 Goals of Treatment   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the “Empirically Supported Treatments” sections for paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal disorders. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these sections.

10.4 Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Disorders   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the section titled “Cluster B.”

10.4.1 Antisocial   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the sections titled “Cluster B” and “Antisocial Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review these sections. 

10.4.2 Borderline   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the section titled “Borderline Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this section.

10.4.3 Histrionic   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the section titled “Histrionic Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this section.

10.4.4 Narcissistic   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. Review the section titled “Narcissistic Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this section.

10.5 Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful Disorders   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. In particular, focus on the text below the section “Cluster C” toward the beginning of the reading. 

10.5.1 Avoidant   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. In particular, review the sections titled “Cluster C” and “Avoidant Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review these sections. 

10.5.2 Dependent   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. In particular, review the section titled “Dependent Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this section.

10.5.3 Obsessive-Compulsive   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 10.2 covers this topic. In particular, review the section titled “Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this section.

10.6 Treatment of Personality Disorders   - Web Media: National Institute of Mental Health: Dr. Marsha Linehan’s Presentation on “Borderline Personality Disorder” Link: National Institute of Mental Health: Dr. Marsha Linehan’s Presentation on “Borderline Personality Disorder” (YouTube)
 
Instructions: Watch this presentation, which features Dr. Marsha Linehan, the leading creator and founder of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorders. Please note that there is also a transcript (HTML) provided underneath the video. This web media will cover subunits 10.6.1 and 10.6.2. 

 Viewing this video, reading the transcript, and pausing to take
notes should take approximately 1 hour.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

10.6.1 Recommendations for Treatment of Personality Disorders   Note: The web media assigned below subunit 10.6 covers this topic.

10.6.2 Prognosis of Treatment for Personality Disorders   Note: The web media assigned below subunit 10.6 covers this topic. 

Final Exam   - Final Exam: The Saylor Foundation’s “PSYCH401 Final Exam” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “PSYCH401 Final Exam”

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