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PSYCH401: Abnormal Behavior

Unit 7: Mood Disorders   Depression has been described as the common cold of psychological disorders. Although this metaphor accurately captures the fact that depression is the most cited reason for clinical treatment, it downplays the very real and far-reaching detrimental impact that depression has on those diagnosed, family and friends of those diagnosed, and society as a whole. Mood disorders are one of the leading causes of suicide in the United States—a phenomena which has a large negative impact on society and its members. In this unit, we will study the major types of mood disorders including depression, bipolar disorder, dysthymia, and cyclothymia. We will learn which characteristics are common to all mood disorders and then more about the specific symptoms and treatments associated with each type of mood disorder. Finally, we will learn about the phenomenon of suicide. In this section, we will learn more about the factors associated with an increased risk of suicide and what research findings say about predicting and preventing suicide. Finally, we will be provided with recommendations for how to help a friend, colleague, or family member when he/she has expressed suicidal thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.

Unit 7 Time Advisory
Completing this unit will take you approximately 15.25 hours.

☐     Subunit 7.1: 7.75 hours
    ☐     Introduction: 4.5 hours

☐     Subunit 7.1.1: 2 hours

☐     Subunit 7.1.2: 1 hour

☐     Subunit 7.1.3: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 7.2: 4 hours
    ☐     Introduction: 3 hours

☐     Subunit 7.2.1: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 7.2.2: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 7.2.3: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 7.2.4: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 7.3: 0.5 hour

☐     Subunit 7.4: 1.5 hours

☐     Subunit 7.5: 1 hour

☐     Unit 7 Assessment: 0.5 hour

Unit7 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - describe major paradigms of abnormal psychology that are connected to diagnosing and treating mood disorders; - identify the diagnostic criteria for the different types of mood disorders; - explain the various research findings associated with theories regarding the cause and treatment of depression; - describe the historical context and current treatment recommendations for using Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS); - describe the history and impact of suicide; and - identify the factors which contribute to increased risk of suicide, describe the research on prediction and prevention of suicide, and explain the recommendations for dealing with a suicidal person.

7.1 An Introduction to Mood Disorders   - Lecture: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 5 – Mood Disorders Part 1” and “Episode 6 – Mood Disorders Part 2” Link: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 5 – Mood Disorders Part 1” (iTunes) and “Episode 6 – Mood Disorders Part 2” (iTunes)
 
Instructions: Please listen to both of these lectures. These lectures also covers the topics outlined in subunits 7.3.2 and 7.3.3. Note: It may take a moment for the audio to begin although the page will appear to have loaded fully. Don't fret: it will start momentarily.

 Listening to these lectures and pausing to take notes should take
approximately 3 hours.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “Mood” Link: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “Mood” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Read this chapter for an overview of mood disorders including major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder, and others. This reading also covers the topics outlined in subunits 7.1.1–7.1.3 and 7.2.1–7.2.4.
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDervis 3.0 Unported License.
     

7.1.1 Depressive Episodes   - Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 8: Sadness and Depression” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 8: Sadness and Depression” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Download “Chapter 8: Sadness and Depression,” and read this chapter (32 pages) to learn about normal and abnormal human states in regards to sadness and depression.

 Studying this reading should take approximately 2 hours.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 2.5 Generic
license](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/).
  • Reading: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Depression” Link: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Depression” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Select the PDF link to download the text, and read this booklet on forms of depression, causes, symptoms, and treatments.

    Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.1.2 Manic Episodes   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 covers this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review “Section 3: Manic Episode.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material.

  • Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 9: Mood Elevation” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 9: Mood Elevation” (PDF)

    Instructions: Download “Chapter 9: Mood Elevation,” and read this chapter (14 pages) for an introduction to mood elevation, including the two forms: manic episode and hypomanic episode. This reading also covers the topic outlined in subunits 7.1.3 and 7.2.

    Studying this reading should take approximately 45 minutes.

    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license.

7.1.3 Hypomanic Episodes   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 and Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review “Section 5: Hypomanic Episodes.” For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, review the text below the heading “Hypomanic Episode” on page 5. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

7.2 Unipolar and Bipolar Mood Disorders: From Diagnosis to Epidemiology   - Lecture: YouTube: UC-Davis Health System: Dr. Jeffrey Applebaum’s “Bipolar Disorders” Link: YouTube: UC-Davis Health System: Dr. Jeffrey Applebaum’s “Bipolar Disorders” (YouTube)
 
Instructions: Watch this video lecture for an overview of bipolar disorder.
 
Watching this video lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 1.5 hours.

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of used
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Bipolar Disorder” Link: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Bipolar Disorder” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Select the PDF link to download the text, and read this booklet (31 pages) for information on the symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of bipolar disorder.
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.2.1 Major Depressive Disorder   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 and Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1.1 cover this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review “Section 6: Major Depressive Disorder.” For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, review pages 6–10 of Chapter 8. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

7.2.2 Dysthymia   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 and Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1.1 cover this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review “Section 7: Dysthymic Disorder.” For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, review pages 11 and 12 of Chapter 8. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

7.2.3 Bipolar I and II Mood Disorder   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 and Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review “Section 9: Bipolar I Disorder” and “Section 10: Bipolar II Disorder.” For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, review pages 6–10 of Chapter 9. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

7.2.4 Cyclothymia   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 and Dr. Pridmore’s reading (Chapter 8, pages 10 and 11) assigned below subunit 7.1.1 cover this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review “Section 11: Cyclothymic Disorder.” For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, review pages 10 and 11 of Chapter 8. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

7.3 Patterns and Descriptors by Course   - Reading: Patterns and Descriptors by Course The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.3.1 Recurrent   - Reading: Recurrent The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.3.2 Seasonal   Note: Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 7.1 covers this topic. In particular, focus on the part of the lecture that begins at 15:34 and runs through 22:21. To cover the topics in subunits 7.3.2 and 7.3.3, take approximately 15 minutes to review this part of the lecture.

7.3.3 Postpartum   Note: Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 7.1 covers this topic. In particular, focus on the part of the lecture that begins at 15:34 and runs through 22:21.

7.3.4 Rapid Cycling   Note: Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1 as well as Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 7.1.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Lack’s reading, rapid cycling is addressed for several disorders; rapid cycling is under review in consideration of eliminating or modifying it. For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, see page 6 of Chapter 9. Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

7.4 Paradigms in Abnormal Psychology: Perspectives on Treatment for Mood Disorders   - Reading: Paradigms in Abnormal Psychology: Perspectives on Treatment for Mood Disorders The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.4.1 Psychodynamic   - Reading: Psychodynamic The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.4.2 Cognitive and Behavioral   - Reading: Cognitive and Behavioral The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.4.3 Biological and Genetic Contributors   - Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 16: Antidepressant Drugs” and “Chapter 18: Mood Stabilizer” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 16: Antidepressant Drugs” (PDF) and “Chapter 18: Mood Stabilizer” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Download “Chapter 16: Antidepressant Drugs” and “Chapter 18: Mood Stabilizer,” and study these chapters (16 pages and 12 pages, respectively) for information on antidepressant drugs and mood stabilizers. Specifically, these chapters address medication management as one possible treatment for mood disorder. Please note that you will not need to know the exact names and specifications of each drug listed. Instead, focus on the general classes of drugs and ignore the specific information regarding each type of drug.

 Studying these readings should take approximately 1 hour and 30
minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 2.5 Generic
license](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/).

7.4.4 Seligman’s Theory of Learned Helplessness   - Reading: Seligman’s Theory of Learned Helplessness The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.4.5 Social Psychology: Theory on Attribution Styles   - Reading: Social Psychology: Theory on Attribution Styles The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

7.5 Suicide   - Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 31: Suicide—A Broad View” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 31: Suicide—A Broad View” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Download “Chapter 31: Suicide—A Broad View,” and read this chapter (17 pages) for a psychiatric view, a complex study of risk factors, a look at prediction and prevention, as well as a discussion on how suicide affects others. This reading will cover the topics outlined in subunits 7.5.1–7.5.5. 

 Studying this reading should take approximately 45 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 2.5 Generic
license](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/).

7.5.1 Suicide Statistics   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. For statistics and data on suicide, focus on the section titled “Prevailing Psychiatric View,” starting on page 2 of Chapter 31. There is further information on the rates of suicide on pages 12 and 13. To address subunits 7.5.1 through 7.5.6, take approximately 15 minutes to review pages 2–13.

7.5.2 History of Suicide   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. Chapter 31 covers a brief overview of the history of suicide in the section titled “From Possession to Psychiatry” on pages 3 and 4.

7.5.3 Acute and Chronic Risk   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. Focus on the section titled “Acute and Chronic Risk” on pages 4 and 5 of Chapter 31. 

7.5.4 Factors Contributing to Increased Risk of Suicide   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. The beginning of this chapter includes a caution up for debate about whether or not mental disorders are related to suicide. Information on how genetics contribute to suicide risk may be found on page 3 of Chapter 31. 

7.5.4.1 Distress   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. Focus on the section titled “Distress” on pages 5–9 of Chapter 31. 

7.5.4.2 Sociological Model   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. Information on the sociological model appears on page 7 of Chapter 31. 

7.5.5 Prediction and Prevention   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. Focus on the section titled “Prediction and Prevention” on pages 9–13.

7.5.6 Recommendations for Helping Suicidal Persons   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 7.5 covers this topic. There is information on the benefits of hospitalization on pages 10 and 11 of Chapter 31. 

Unit 7 Assessment   - Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Diagnosis and Treatment: Mood Disorder” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Diagnosis and Treatment: Mood Disorder” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Complete this assessment, which will help test your knowledge related to the diagnoses and treatment of mood disorders. When you are done, check your work against The Saylor Foundation’s “Diagnosis and Treatment: Mood Disorder Answer Key”(PDF).

 Completing this assessment should take approximately 30 minutes.