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PSYCH401: Abnormal Behavior

Unit 4: Anxiety Disorders   The first three units have provided an introduction to the field of abnormal psychology, highlighting the history, theoretical paradigms, and methodological considerations that shape the field. In the remaining units, we will use that framework to learn about some common disorders, their specifications, and their treatments. We will start by learning more about anxiety disorders. First, we will take a closer look at anxiety itself and learn of its potential adaptive nature and evolutionary function. Next, we will focus on anxiety gone awry, when anxiety reactions take more extreme forms and cause distress, disruption, and dysfunction. In this section of the unit, we will learn how to differentiate between the major subtypes of anxiety disorders including the different types of phobias, obsessive-compulsive, generalized anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorders. We will learn more about the potential causes which lead to the development of anxiety disorders, as seen through the vantage point of a variety of paradigms in the field of abnormal psychology. We will also learn more about the research which helps us to understand these disorders more fully and to treat people with these disorders in more effective ways. Through hearing various case examples, we will come to appreciate how clinicians treat this disorder and the prognosis or probability of recovery from these disorders.  

Unit 4 Time Advisory
Completing this unit will take you approximately 19.5 hours.

☐     Subunit 4.1: 4 hours

☐     Introduction: 3.5 hours

☐     Subunit 4.1.1: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 4.1.3: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 4.2: 13 hours

☐     Introduction: 3.5 hours

☐     Subunit 4.2.2: 9.5 hours

☐     Subunit 4.3: 2.5 hours

Unit4 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - describe the anxiety reaction, and explain its evolutionary purpose; - differentiate between the various subtypes of anxiety disorders (i.e., differential diagnosis, prognosis, and driving causes);  - identify and describe the important paradigms which seek to explain the causes of anxiety disorders; - describe the goals, interventions, and processes associated with treating these disorders; and - explain the various research findings associated with anxiety disorders and why they are important. 

4.1 An Introduction to Anxiety   - Web Media: YouTube: UCSF Department of Psychiatry: Dr. Ellen Haller’s “Anxiety Disorders: More Than a Case of the Nerves” Link: YouTube: UCSF Department of Psychiatry: Dr. Ellen Haller’s “Anxiety Disorders: More Than a Case of the Nerves” (YouTube)
 
Instructions: Watch the video lecture for an introduction to anxiety and anxiety disorders. Pay close attention to the case studies and the ways in which anxiety disorders differ from normal levels of anxiety and fear. This lecture will cover subunits 4.1.1, 4.2.2, and 4.3.2.
 
Viewing this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes..
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of used displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 19: Fear and Anxiety” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 19: Fear and Anxiety” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Download “Chapter 19: Fear and Anxiety,” and read this chapter (17 pages), which defines anxiety and fear as well as provides an overview of anxiety disorders. This reading will cover subunits 4.1.5 as well as 4.2.2.1–4.2.2.4. 
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 2 hours.

    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license.

4.1.1 Anxiety Defined   Note: The lecture and reading assigned below subunit 4.1 cover this topic. For the reading, focus on the definitions of anxiety, types of anxiety, and fear on page 1. Review the portion of the lecture that begins at 3:58 and runs until 5:25. Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material. 

4.1.2 Physiological, Behavioral, Cognitive, and Emotional Components of Anxiety   - Reading: Physiological, Behavioral, Cognitive, and Emotional Components of Anxiety The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

4.1.3 Yerkes-Dodson Law   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 4.1 covers this topic. Review the material on the Yerkes-Dodson Law on page 2. Take less than 15 minutes to review this material. 

4.2 Anxiety Disorders   - Lecture: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 7 – Anxiety Disorders” Link: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 7 – Anxiety Disorders” (iTunes)
 
Instructions: Listen to this lecture. This lecture also covers the topics outlined in subunits 4.2.2.1 through 4.2.2.5. Note: It may take a moment for the audio to begin although the page will appear to have loaded fully. Don't fret: it will start momentarily.
 
Listening to this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 2 hours.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Anxiety Disorders” Link: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Anxiety Disorders” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Click on the PDF link to download the text. Read this booklet for information on the symptoms and treatments of anxiety orders such as panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social phobia, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorders. This reading also covers the topic outlined in subunit 4.2.2.

    Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.2.1 Paradigms in Abnormal Psychology: Perspectives on Anxiety Disorders   - Reading: Paradigms in Abnormal Psychology: Perspectives on Anxiety Disorders The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

4.2.2 Major Types of Anxiety Disorders: From Diagnosis to Epidemiology   - Reading: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “Anxiety Disorders” Link: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “Anxiety Disorders” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read this webpage to learn about certain anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, and agoraphobia. This reading covers subunits 4.2.2.1–4.3.2. 

 Studying this reading should take approximately 2 hours.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDervis 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).  
  

4.2.2.1 Specific Phobia   Note: Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 4.1, Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.2, as well as Dr. Lack’s reading assigned in subunit 4.2.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, focus on the text below the heading “Specific Phobia” on pages 12 and 13. For the lecture, review the section that begins at 35:28 and runs until 51:13. For Dr. Lack’s reading, focus on Section 3 titled “Specific Phobia.” Take approximately 30 minutes to review these resources.

4.2.2.2 Panic and Agoraphobia   Note: Dr. Ellen Haller’s reading assigned below subunit 4.1, Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.2, as well as Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 4.2.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture, review the section that begins at 22:44 and runs until 26:16. For Dr. Leighton’s lecture, review the section that begins at 20:36 and runs until 33:17. For Dr. Lack’s reading, focus on Section 7 titled “Panic and Agoraphobia.” Take approximately 30 minutes to review these resources.

4.2.2.3 Social Phobias   Note: Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture and Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 4.1, Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.2, as well as Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 4.4.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture, focus on the section that begins at 22:44 and runs until 26:16. For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, focus on the text below the heading “Social Phobias” on pages 10 and 11. For Dr. Leighton’s lecture, review the section that begins at 40:57 and runs until 51:13. For Dr. Lack’s reading, focus on Section 6 titled “Social Phobias.” Take approximately 30 minutes to review these resources.

4.2.2.4 Generalized Anxiety   Note: Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture and Dr. Pridmore’s reading assigned below subunit 4.1, Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.2, as well as Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 4.2.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture, focus on the section that begins at 22:44 and runs until 26:16. For Dr. Pridmore’s reading, review the section titled “Generalized Anxiety” on pages 2–5. For Dr. Leighton’s lecture, focus on the section that begins at 12:45 and runs until 20:36. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review Section 2, titled “General Anxiety Disorder.” Take approximately 30 minutes to review these resources.

4.2.2.5 Obsessive-Compulsive   Note: Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.1, Dr. Dana Leighton’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.2, and Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 4.2.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture, focus on the part that begins at 19:40 and runs until 22:44. For Dr. Leighton’s lecture, focus on the part that begins at 51:13 and runs until 1:24:01. For Dr. Lack’s reading, focus on Section 4, titled “Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).” Take approximately 30 minutes to review these resources.

  • Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 13: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 13: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Download “Chapter 13: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder,” and read this chapter (19 pages) to learn about the epidemiology, prognosis, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of OCD.

    Studying this reading should take approximately 2 hours.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license.

4.2.2.6 Post-Traumatic Stress   Note: Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture assigned below subunit 4.1 as well as Dr. Lack’s reading assigned below subunit 4.2.2 cover this topic. For Dr. Ellen Haller’s lecture, focus on the part that begins at 30:55 and runs until 35:40. For Dr. Lack’s reading, review Section 5, titled “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).” Take approximately 15 minutes to review these resources.

  • Lecture: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 8 – PTSD, Dissociative, & Somatoform Disorders” Link: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 8 – PTSD, Dissociative, & Somatoform Disorders” (iTunes)
     
    Instructions: Listen to this lecture from the beginning to the 34:00 minute mark. Note: It may take a moment for the audio to begin although the page will appear to have loaded fully. Don't fret: it will start momentarily.

    Listening to this portion of the lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 11: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 11: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Download “Chapter 11: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder,” and read this chapter (16 pages) to learn about various views on PTSD, diagnostic criteria, treatment, and prevention.
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license.

  • Reading: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder” Link: National Institute of Mental Health’s “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Select the PDF link to download the text, and read this booklet (14 pages) for general information about PTSD, including symptoms and treatments.
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 45 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.3 Treatment of Anxiety Disorders   4.3.1 Forms of Treatment   - Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 17: Antianxiety and Hypnotic Drugs” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 17: Antianxiety and Hypnotic Drugs” (PDF)

 Instructions: Download “Chapter 17: Antianxiety and Hypnotic
Drugs,” and study this chapter (10 pages) to learn about treatments
for anxiety disorders. Specifically, this reading addresses
medication management as one possible treatment for anxiety. Please
note that you will not need to know the exact names and
specifications of each drug listed. Instead, focus on the general
classes of drugs and controversies surrounding these prescribed
drugs.  

 Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 2.5 Generic
license](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/).
  • Reading: California State University: Dr. Thomas G. Stevens’ “Desensitization” Link: California State University: Dr. Thomas G. Stevens’ “Desensitization” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: This reading addresses a popular and well-researched behavioral treatment for phobias and other anxiety disorders—that of desensitization. Read these self-help instructions to gauge the steps required of desensitization. 
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

4.3.2 Prognosis in Treatment of Disorders   - Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Diagnosis and Treatment: Anxiety Disorder” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Diagnosis and Treatment: Anxiety Disorder” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Complete this assessment, which will help test your knowledge related to the diagnoses and treatment of anxiety disorders. When you are done, check your work against The Saylor Foundation’s “Diagnosis and Treatment: Anxiety Disorder Answer Key” (PDF).
 
Completing this assessment should take you approximately 30 minutes.