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PSYCH401: Abnormal Behavior

Unit 3: Classification Systems and Research Methods in Abnormal Psychology   What are the major categories of psychological disorders and the defining characteristics of these diagnostic labels? This unit will provide us with information to address this question and others like it. First, we will learn about the historical context out of which the current classification system was developed. Next, we will learn the terms and concepts you need to fully understand the current classification system—the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) and the soon to be published 5th edition, DSM-5. Finally, we will learn about research methods used in the service of providing information about disorders to clinicians, family members, patients, and the general public.   

Unit 3 Time Advisory
Completing this unit will take you approximately 5.75 hours.

☐     Unit 3 Introduction: 2.25 hours

☐     Subunit 3.1: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 3.2: 1.5 hours

☐     Subunit 3.3: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 3.4: 0.25 hour

☐     Subunit 3.5: 0.75 hour

☐     Subunit 3.6: 0.5 hour

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - identify the useful components of a classification system in psychopathology; - describe the historical context and development of this classification system over time; - identify the important terms and major categories of the current classification system in psychopathology; and - describe the major research methods used in the field of abnormal psychology.

  • Lecture: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 4 – Assessment and Diagnosis” Link: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 4 – Assessment and Diagnosis” (iTunes)
     
    Instructions: Listen to this lecture. This lecture covers subunits 3.1–3.6 as well as any inclusive subunits. Note: It may take a moment for the audio to begin although the page will appear to have loaded fully. Don't fret: it will start momentarily.

    Listening to this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 3: Classification of Mental Disorders” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 3: Classification of Mental Disorders” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Download “Chapter 3: Classification of Mental Disorders,” and read this chapter (13 pages) on the classification of mental disorders. This reading covers subunits 3.1–3.6 as well as any inclusive subunits.
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 45 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license.

3.1 Overview of the Classification System   Note: Mental disorders are organized into different categories according to their similarities and differences. The reading and lecture assigned below the Unit 3 introduction cover this topic. For the reading, review pages 1 and 2. Review the portion of the lecture that begins at 30:19 and runs through 32:49. Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material. 

3.2 History of Classification Systems in Psychopathology   Note: Classification systems of mental disorders have changed considerably over the years. The reading and lecture assigned beneath the Unit 3 introduction cover this topic. For the reading, review the material under the heading “Classification of Mental Disorders” on pages 2 and 3. For the lecture, review the portion that begins at 32:49 and runs through 54:02. Take approximately 30 minutes to review this material. 

  • Reading: American College of Neuropsychopharmacology’s Psychopharmacology: The Fourth Generation of Progress: “The DSM-IV Classification and Psychopharmacology” Link: American College of Neuropsychopharmacology’s Psychopharmacology: The Fourth Generation of Progress: “The DSM-IV Classification and Psychopharmacology” (HTML) 
     
    Instructions: Read this article to learn about DSM-IV classification and psychopharmacology.
     
    Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The American Psychiatric Organization’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual: “DSM,” “DSM: History of the Manual,” “DSM-IV-TR,” and “DSM-5” Link: The American Psychiatric Organization’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual: “DSM” (HTML), “DSM: History of the Manual” (HTML), “DSM-IV-TR” (HTML) and “DSM-5” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read the webpage that describes the DSM. Then, read the “History of the Manual,” which covers sections on Pre-World War II, Post-World War II, as well as the development of DSM-III, DSM-III-R, and DSM-IV. Finally, study the webpages on the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5. These readings cover the topic outlined in subunit 3.4.

    Studying these readings should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.     

3.3 Issues of Reliability   Note: The lecture assigned below the Unit 3 introduction covers this topic. Review the part of the lecture that begins at 30:19 and runs through 32:49. Take less than 15 minutes to review this material. 

3.4 Current Classification System: DSM-IV-TR   Note: In 2000, a text revision of the fourth edition of the DSM was published. The DSM-5 is set to be released in May 2013. The reading and lecture assigned below the Unit 3 introduction as well as the readings in subunit 3.2 cover this topic. For the “Chapter 3” reading assigned below the Unit 3 introduction, review the text below the “DSM-IV and 5” heading on page 12. For the lecture, review the section that begins at 54:02 and runs through 54:50. For the reading assigned below subunit 3.2, review the information about the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5. Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material. 

3.5 Terms and Major Categories in the DSM   - Reading: Introduction to Psychology, v. 1.0.1: “Chapter 9: Defining Psychological Disorders – Section 9.1: Psychological Disorder: What Makes a Behavior ‘Abnormal’?” Link: Introduction to Psychology, v. 1.0.1: “Chapter 9: Defining Psychological Disorders – Section 9.1: Psychological Disorder: What Makes a Behavior ‘Abnormal’?” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read Section 9.1 from Chapter 9 for an overview of the terms and major categories of the DSM-IV.

 Studying this reading should take approximately 45 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
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License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
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licensee. 

3.6 Research Methods   - Reading: Introduction to Psychology, v. 1.0.1: “Chapter 2: Psychological Science – Section 2.2: Psychologists Use Descriptive, Correlational, and Experimental Research Designs to Understand Behavior” Link: Introduction to Psychology, v. 1.0.1: “Chapter 2: Psychological Science – Section 2.2: Psychologists Use Descriptive, Correlational, and Experimental Research Designs to Understand Behavior” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read Section 2.2 of Chapter 2 for an overview of the research methods in abnormal psychology. This reading covers the topics outlined in subunits 3.6.1–3.6.3. 
 
Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee. 

3.6.1 Correlational   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 3.6 covers this topic.

3.6.2 Experimental   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 3.6 covers this topic.

3.6.3 Case Studies   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 3.6 covers this topic.

3.6.4 Single Subject Designs   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 3.6 covers this topic.