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PSYCH401: Abnormal Behavior

Unit 1: Introduction to Abnormal Psychology   What is abnormal behavior? Why does it exist? How have our conceptions of abnormal behavior changed and progressed over the years? This unit will address these basic questions about the field of abnormal psychology. We will first seek to define the line between abnormal and normal behavior. Next, we will take a look at the historical context that has influenced the major paradigms/theories of abnormal psychology. Lastly, we will address two paradigms which have influenced, albeit in a more peripheral way, the field of abnormal psychology: the phenomenological paradigm and the statistical, or trait, paradigm. At the close of this unit, you will have a framework for defining and understanding the concepts behind this fascinating subfield of psychology.  

Unit 1 Time Advisory
Completing this unit should take you approximately 4 hours.

    Subunit 1.1: 1.75 hours

    Subunit 1.2: 0.75 hour

    Subunit 1.3:

    Subunit 1.4:

    Subunit 1.5: 0.75 hour

    Subunit 1.6: 0.75 hour

Unit1 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - identify the factors that determine abnormal versus normal behavior; - define paradigm, and describe the basic assumptions and concepts associated with the medical model and phenomenological trait paradigms; - describe the historical/conceptual background of the development and advancements in the field of abnormal psychology; and - identify, discuss, and define the important terms/concepts associated with the primary tasks of psychiatrists/psychologists.

1.1 Defining Abnormal Behavior   - Lecture: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 2 – Historical Approaches” Link: Podbay: Portland Community College: Dana C. Leighton’s Abnormal Psychology: “Episode 2 – Historical Approaches” (iTunes)
 
Instructions: Listen to this lecture to learn about historical approaches to abnormal psychology. Note: It may take a moment for the audio to begin although the page will appear to have loaded fully. Don't fret: it will start momentarily.

 Listening to this lecture and pausing to take notes should take
approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.1.1 Deviance from Statistical and Social Norms   Note: The lecture assigned beneath subunit 1.1 covers this topic. Focus on the discussion of the three Ds, which begins at minute 17:51 and runs until 28:04. Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material for subunits 1.1.1 through 1.1.3.

1.1.2 Personal Distress   Note: The lecture assigned beneath subunit 1.1 covers this topic. Focus on the discussion of the three Ds, which begins at minute 17:51 and runs until 28:04. 

1.1.3 Maladaptiveness of Behavior: Level of Dysfunction   Note: The lecture assigned beneath subunit 1.1 covers this topic. Focus on the discussion of the three Ds, which begins at minute 17:51 and runs until 28:04. 

1.2 Historical/Conceptual Background of Abnormal Psychology   1.2.1 History of Abnormal Psychology   - Reading: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “The History of Mental Disorders” Link: University of Central Oklahoma: Dr. Caleb W. Lack’s Abnormal Psychology: “The History of Mental Disorders” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Watch the embedded videos and read this chapter to gain an overview of the history of abnormal psychology. This reading also covers the topics outlined in subunit 1.2.2.

 Studying this reading and watching the videos should take
approximately 30 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDervis 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).  
  

1.2.2 The Intersection of Worldview and the Development of Theories   Note: The reading assigned below subunit 1.2.1 covers this topic. Focus on the text below the subheading “Advances in Psychological Understanding of Mental Disorders.” Take approximately 15 minutes to review this material. 

1.3 Paradigms Defined   - Reading: Paradigms Defined The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

1.4 Statistical or Trait Paradigm   - Reading: Statistical or Trait Paradigm The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

1.5 Measurement of Personality   - Reading: Introduction to Psychology, v. 1.0.1: “Chapter 8: Personality – Section 8.1: Personality and Behavior: Approaches and Measurement” Link: Introduction to Psychology, v. 1.0.1: “Chapter 8: Personality – Section 8.1: Personality and Behavior: Approaches and Measurement” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read Section 8.1 from Chapter 8 to gain an overview of personality traits and their assessment.

 Studying this reading should take approximately 45 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or
licensee. 

1.6 Introduction to Psychiatry   - Reading: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 1: Introduction” Link: University of Tasmania: Dr. Saxby Pridmore’s Download of Psychiatry: “Chapter 1: Introduction” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Select the link to “Chapter 1: Introduction” to download the PDF, and read this chapter (11 pages) to gain an overview of the field of psychiatry—a related field pertinent to the study of mental illness. This reading also covers the topics outlined in subunits 1.6.1–1.6.4. 

 Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes.  
    
 Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 2.5 Generic
license](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/).

1.6.1 Symptoms, Signs, and Syndromes   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 1.6 covers this topic. Pay particular attention to the text under the heading titled “Symptoms and Signs” on pages 2 and 3. To cover the topics outlined in subunits 1.6.1 through 1.6.4, take approximately 15 minutes to study your notes and/or to review pages 2–10 of the reading. 

1.6.2 Mental versus Physical Disorders   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 1.6 covers this topic. Pay particular attention to the text below the heading “Mental versus Physical Disorders” on pages 4 and 5.

1.6.3 The Mind and the Brain   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 1.6 covers this topic. Pay particular attention to the text on pages 5 and 6 that follows the statement: “It is also important to recognize that our mind changes the structure of our brain.”

1.6.4 Overview of the Causes and Treatment of Mental Disorders from Psychiatric View   Note: The reading assigned beneath subunit 1.6 covers this topic. Pay particular attention to the text below the headings “Causes of Mental Disorders,” “Treatment of Mental Disorders,” and “Psychiatrists and Mental Health Teams” on pages 7–10.