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PSYCH304: Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Unit 6: Leadership   Leadership is an important trait in the workplace, as partly evidenced by the myriad books and seminars available to individuals interested in honing and developing their leadership skills. Leadership, however, is a complicated trait. Even those with great leadership abilities may not demonstrate their skills in every situation under the sun – they often demonstrate their leadership talents in unanticipated interactions with others. In this unit, we will not only review why and how leadership is important, but identify the characteristics associated with individuals who tend to be leaders. Daniel Goleman’s Emotional Intelligence will also be explained. Emotional Intelligence has become far more important than just productivity.

Unit 6 Time Advisory
This unit should take you 9 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 6.1: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 6.2: 2.5 hours

☐    Subunit 6.3: 2.5 hours

☐    Subunit 6.4: 2 hours

Unit6 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • list personal characteristics associated with leadership;
  • describe task vs. person leadership orientation;
  • explain leadership and situation interaction; and
  • define emotional intelligence for leaders.

6.1 Personal Characteristics Associated with Leadership   6.1.1 Intelligence   - Reading: About.com: Psychology: Kendra Cherry’s “Eight Leadership Theories” Link: About.com: Psychology: Kendra Cherry’s “Eight Leadership Theories” (HTML)
           
Instructions: Read the article in its entirety. An introduction to the Eight Leadership Theories will be introduced, including Trait and Situational Leadership Theories.
 
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6.1.2 Kurt Lewin’s Three Leadership Styles   - Reading: About.com: Psychology: Kendra Cherry’s “Lewin’s Leadership Styles” Link: About.com: Psychology: Kendra Cherry’s “Lewin’s Leadership Styles” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the article in its entirety. This article introduces Lewin’s three leadership styles: authoritarian, participative, and delegative.
 
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6.1.3 Leadership Competencies   - Reading: Society of Human Resource Management: Courtney Ledford’s “Leadership Competencies” Link: Society of Human Resource Management: Courtney Ledford’s “Leadership Competencies” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the entire article, which discusses leadership and global executive competencies as well as business trends affecting leadership competencies. This reading covers subunits 6.1.3- 6.1.5.
 
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6.1.4 Global Executive Competencies   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.1.3.  

6.1.5 Business Trends Affecting Leadership Competencies   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.1.3.  

6.2 Task vs. Person Orientation of Leadership   6.2.1 Task-Oriented Leaders   - Reading: Change Factory: Kevin Dwyer’s “Leadership; Is It Better to Be People or Task Oriented?” Link: Change Factory: Kevin Dwyer’s “Leadership; Is It Better to Be People or Task Oriented?” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the entire article, which covers task oriented vs. people oriented leaders and which style most employees desire. This reading covers subunits 6.2.1 and 6.2.2.
 
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6.2.2 Person-Oriented Leaders   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.2.1.

6.2.3 Managerial Grid Theory   - Reading: Mind Tools: “Blake Mouton Managerial Grid” Link: Mind Tools: “Blake Mouton Managerial Grid” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the entire article, which covers the five styles of leadership according to Mouton. This reading covers subunits 6.2.3 and 6.2.4.
 
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6.2.4 Team Leaders vs. Impoverished Leaders   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.2.3.

6.2.5 Theory X and Theory Y   - Reading: Mind Tools: “Theory X and Theory Y” Link: Mind Tools: “Theory X and Theory Y” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the entire article. This article defines and compares Theory X and Y.
 
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  • Assessment: ProProfs: “Are you a Theory ‘X’ or Theory ‘Y’ Manager” Link: ProProfs: “Are you a Theory ‘X’ or Theory ‘Y’ Manager” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Click on the “Take Quiz” button to begin the assessment. Take this quiz once you have completed the readings for this subunit. The quiz is both a learning tool and self-assessment.
     
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6.3 Leader and Situation Interaction   6.3.1 Situation Favorability   - Web Media: University of Richmond: Cristina Hoyt’s “Foundations of Leadership Studies” Link: University of Richmond: Cristina Hoyt’s “Foundations of Leadership Studies” (PowerPoint)
 
Instructions: Scroll down the webpage until you reach Lecture 9. Click on the hyperlink “lecture 9_contingency.ppt,” and a PowerPoint presentation will open. This presentation compares and contrasts the Path-Goal Theory, Situational Theory, and the Contingency Model. This material covers subunits 6.3.1-6.3.4.
 
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6.3.2 Path-Goal Theory   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.3.1.

6.3.3 Situational Theory   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.3.1.

6.3.4 Contingency Model   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.3.1.

6.3.5 IMPACT Six Leadership Styles   - Reading: Changing Minds: “Six Emotional Leadership Styles” Link: Changing Minds: “Six Emotional Leadership Styles” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the entire article, which discusses all six leadership styles.
 
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6.4 Emotional Intelligence for Leaders   6.4.1 Intrapersonal vs. Interpersonal Skills   - Reading: Connexions: Carol Schultz’s “Emotional Intelligence: An Overlooked Aspect of Effective Leadership Practices: A Review of the Literature on Desirable Traits, Behaviors, and Characteristics for Successful Leadership Promoting Transformational Change”  Link: Connexions: Carol Schultz’s “Emotional Intelligence: An Overlooked Aspect of Effective Leadership Practices: A Review of the Literature on Desirable Traits, Behaviors, and Characteristics for Successful Leadership Promoting Transformational Change” (PDF)
 
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 [EPub Format](http://cnx.org/content/m15615/1.2/?format=epub)  
    
 Instructions: Read the entire article, and also click on the
embedded hyperlinks to access any figures. Subunits 6.4.1-6.4.4 are
covered in this reading.  
    
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6.4.2 Business Skills   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.4.1.  

6.4.3 Leadership Skills   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.4.1.  

6.4.4 Decision Making vs. Power: Exertion of Will or Agreed upon Path   Note: This topic is covered in the reading under subunit 6.4.1.  

6.4.5 Charismatic Leaders   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 6 Practice Problem” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 6 Practice Problem” (PDF)

 Instructions: Click on the link above to download the practice
problem sets for the course. Complete the problem for Unit 6.
  • Reading: Changing Minds: “Charismatic Leadership” Link: Changing Minds: “Charismatic Leadership” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Read the entire article. The pros and cons of charismatic leadership are discussed.
     
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