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PSYCH301: Social Psychology

Unit 7: Aggression and Helping   This unit will examine the contrasting acts of aggression and helping. We will explore the theories, research methods, and research findings related to the study of aggression. Then we will switch from studying when and why people cause harm to others to evaluating when and why they are willing to help others. Specifically, we will look at situations in which people are more or less likely to help others, the reasoning behind helping, and the individual difference variables that affect the act of helping.

Unit 7 Time Advisory
Completing this unit should take you approximately 8 hours.
 
☐    Subunit 7.1: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 7.2: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 7.3: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 7.4: 1 hour

Unit7 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
- identify the methodologies most commonly used in the study of aggression; - describe situational and intrapersonal factors that contribute to aggressive behavior; and - identify contributing factors that predict helping.

7.1 An Introduction to Aggression   - Reading: Course Resources on the Web (CROW) Project: Dr. C.A. Anderson, et al.’s “Examining an Affective Aggression Framework: Weapon and Temperature Effects on Thoughts, Affect, and Attitudes” Link: Course Resources on the Web (CROW) Project: Dr. C.A. Anderson, et al.’s “Examining an Affective Aggression Framework: Weapon and Temperature Effects on Thoughts, Affect, and Attitudes” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Note this webpage will cover the topics outlined in subunits 7.1.1-7.1.4. Select here to download a pdf version of the article on each webpage. For this reading, read this empirical journal article as advised by the readings presented earlier in subunit 1.2 of this course; it will highlight the methodology used in social psychological research on aggression. 
 
Reading this chapter should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Course Resources on the Web (CROW) Project: Dr. C.A. Anderson’s “Violence and Aggression” Link: Course Resources on the Web (CROW) Project: Dr. C.A. Anderson’s “Violence and Aggression” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Note this webpage will cover the topics outlined in subunits 7.1.1-7.1.4. Select click here to download a pdf version of the articleon each webpage. Read this chapter. This will provide you with an overview of the study of aggression.
     
    Reading this chapter should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.1.1 Instrument versus Hostile Aggression   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.1.

7.1.2 Gender Differences in Aggression   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.1.

7.1.3 Anger, Catharsis, and Neo-Association Theory   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.1.

7.1.4 Social Learning Theory of Aggression   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.1.

7.1.5 Reducing Aggression   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.1.

7.2 Methodology in the Study of Aggression   - Reading: Course Resources on the Web (CROW) Project: Dr. B.J. Bushman and Dr. C.A. Anderson’s “Methodology in the Study of Aggression: Integrating Experimental and Nonexperimental Findings” Link: Course Resources on the Web (CROW) Project: Dr. B.J. Bushman and Dr. C.A. Anderson’s “Methodology in the Study of Aggression: Integrating Experimental and Nonexperimental Findings” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Note this webpage will cover the topics outlined in subunits 7.2.1-7.2.5. Click on the hyperlink titled “For a PDF version of the chapter, click here” to download the PDF file for this article. This chapter will provide you with an overview of the study of aggression. 
 
Reading this chapter should take you approximately 3 hours.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.2.1 Types of Measurement   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.2.

7.2.2 Convergence of Laboratory Aggression Measures   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.2.

7.2.3 Similarity of Real World and Laboratory Aggression   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.2.

7.2.4 Generalization from the Laboratory to the Real World   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.2.

7.2.5 Meta-Analytic Results on Findings   Note: This topic is covered by the readings assigned below subunit 7.2.

7.3 An Introduction to Helping   - Reading: University of Iowa’s Current Research in Social Psychology: Dr. Mark Burgess, et al.’s “Would You Save an Uncaring Relative from a Burning Building? Considerations of Relatedness and Previous Care in Predictions of Altruism” Link: University of Iowa’s Current Research in Social Psychology: Dr. Mark Burgess, et al.’s “Would You Save an Uncaring Relative from a Burning Building? Considerations of Relatedness and Previous Care in Predictions of Altruism” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read this empirical journal article as advised by the reading presented previously in subunit 1.2 of this course. Note this article will address content outlined in the sections under subunit 7.3.
 
Note on the Text: This reading is published in Current Research in Social Psychology, a peer-reviewed electronic journal sponsored by the Center for the Study of Group Processes (HTML) at the University of Iowa.
Reading this article should take you approximately 1 hour. 

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

7.3.1 Kin Selection   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 7.3.

7.3.2 Socio-Cultural Perspective   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 7.3.

7.3.3 A Learning Perspective   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 7.3.

7.4 When Do People Help?   - Lecture: University of Idaho: Professor Traci Craig’s “Helping” Link: University of Idaho: Professor Traci Craig’s “Helping” (RealAudio)
 
Also available in:
Transcript (HTML)
 
Instructions: Click on the hyperlinks to the audio lecture and PowerPoint slides, which are located at the bottom of the To-Do List box on the right side of the webpage. Listen to this short lecture or read the transcript and also view the PowerPoint slides. Note this lecture will address content outlined in the sections under subunits 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.
 
Listening to the lecture or reading the transcript and reading the slides should take you approximately 1 hour.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.4.1 Theoretical Perspectives on Helping   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 7.4.

7.4.2 Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Helping Behavior   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 7.4.

Unit 7 Assessment   - Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 7 Assessment” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 7 Assessment”

 Instructions: Complete this assessment to check your understanding
of the material covered in this unit. You will see the correct
answers after you hit the “Submit” button.