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PRDV203: Introduction to Management

Unit 3: Leadership   You have already read that leadership is the third of the four functions of management. Leadership – the ability to lead, motivate, and inspire people – is probably considered management’s most important skill. You may have already exhibited some leadership traits that factored into your promotion to supervisor.
 
What is the difference between leadership and motivation? With leadership, a person exerts influence over people to work toward a common goal. Inspiration and vision are in a leader’s tool set. On the other hand, managers achieve employee motivation by understanding the fit between employees’ needs and the organization’s best interests. Since motivation is somewhat different in goal and process, we will discuss it in another unit.
 
The combination of leadership and motivation helps managers direct their workforce. The human resource is just one of four resources needed to run a business, but it can be the most challenging resource to manage. As a supervisor, you will be in charge of that critical and important resource: people.
 
In this unit, you will learn the definitions of leaderand leadership. You also learn about basic types of leadership that have been identified and described throughout the centuries, and some that have only recently arisen. From these styles, you should recognize some attributes that you possess. You should be able to identify your primary style and determine how applicable it is to your work situation. From there, you should be able to adjust your style accordingly to bring about the results you and your organization seek.
 
One aspect of leadership involves recognizing when your workload has become too much and delegating some of the work to your staff. To optimize your chance of success -as well as your subordinates’ success -you must empower your subordinates to complete the delegated tasks. You will learn about delegation in this unit and empowerment in Unit 10, “Team Building”.
 

Unit 3 Time Advisory
Completing this unit should take you approximately 3 hours.

☐    Subunit 3.1: 1.75 hours

☐    Subunit 3.2: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 3.3: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 3.4: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 3.5: 0.25 hours

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - define the terms leadership and leader; - describe leadership traits and styles; - identify the leadership style that you practice; - identify the leadership style that your work environment may require you to use; - recognize the need for change in the environment and adaptation of your leadership style; - define the term delegation,be able to recognize a situation in which delegation is beneficial, and apply appropriately.

3.1 What Is a Leader?   - Reading: Principles of Management: “Chapter 10: Leading People and Organizations” Link: Principles of Management (PDF): “Chapter 10: Leading People and Organizations”
 
Instructions: Read Chapter 10, “Leading People and Organizations,” on pages 386-425. Pay close attention to the P-O-L-C framework on pages 386-387. You will also learn about different leadership and decision-making styles, and under what conditions the differing styles may be most effective.
 
Reading this chapter should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Reading: Wikimedia Commons: Dirk Hünniger’s Managing Groups and Teams: “Chapter 15: Effective Team Leadership” and “Chapter 16: Dictatorship vs. Leadership” Link: Wikimedia Commons: Dirk Hünniger’s Managing Groups and Teams (PDF): “Chapter 15: Effective Team Leadership” and “Chapter 16: Dictatorship vs. Leadership”
     
    Instructions: Read Chapters 15 and 16 on pages 119-122 for a discussion of the leadership transition that occurs for both the newly promoted supervisor and the organization.
     
    Reading these chapters should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It is attributed to Dirk Hünniger, and the original version can be found here.

3.2 Leadership Traits   - Activity: Principles of Management: “Chapter 10, Section 1: Trait Approaches to Leadership -Exercises” Link: Principles of Management (PDF): “Chapter 10, Section 1: Trait Approaches to Leadership -Exercises”
 
Instructions: Answer the questions in the “Exercises” section on page 391.
 
Completing the exercises should take approximately 15 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.3 Poor Leadership   - Reading: Wikimedia Commons: Dirk Hünniger’s Managing Groups and Teams: “Chapter 18: Poor Leadership” Link: Wikimedia Commons: Dirk Hünniger’s Managing Groups and Teams (PDF): “Chapter 18: Poor Leadership”
 
Instructions: Read Chapter 18, “Poor Leadership,” on pages 125-131 to learn about traits of poor leaders.
 
Reading this chapter should take approximately 15 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It is attributed to Dirk Hünniger, and the original version can be found here.

3.4 Leadership and Delegation   - Reading: MindTools: “How Well Do You Delegate?” Link: MindTools: “How Well Do You Delegate?” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the article, “How Well Do You Delegate?” One skill of leadership is to recognize how to utilize time and staff effectively. This article helps you understand the value of delegation and when to consider it. Delegation and the concept of team empowerment are interrelated. Empowerment will be discussed as part of unit 10, “Team Building and Leading.”
 
Reading this article and taking notes should take approximately 15 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: MindTools: “Successful Delegation” Link: MindTools: “Successful Delegation” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Read the article, “Successful Delegation.” This article gives practical guidelines for deciding which responsibilities should be delegated and to judge your team’s qualifications to handle them.
     
    Reading this article and taking notes should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.5 Developing Your Leadership Skills   - Activity: Principles of Management: “Chapter 10, Section 5: Developing Your Leadership Skills − Exercises” Principles of Management (PDF): “Chapter 10, Section 5: Developing Your Leadership Skills -Exercises”
 
Instructions: Review the “Developing Your Leadership Skills” section on pages 422-425, and answer the questions in the “Exercises” section on page 425.
 
Reviewing this section and completing the exercises should take approximately 15 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Assessment” The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Assessment” (HTML)

    Instructions: Complete this assessment to assess your understanding of the topics covered in this unit. The correct answers will be displayed when you click the “Submit” button.