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POLSC432: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

Unit 7: Civil Rights: The Struggle for Gender Equality   The Constitution did not directly provide civil rights for women. While women were afforded civil liberties, they were not initially given the most central civil right, the right to vote. The struggle for the right to vote was not realized until 1919, a full 130 years after the founding. The quest for gender equality did not end there. There are many important legislative and judicial measures taken after women’s suffrage seeking to end gender discrimination. This unit includes material that will cover this historical struggle from multiple perspectives. The material focuses on the social movement, the legislation, and the prominent court cases.

Unit 7 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 16.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 7.1: 10.5 hours ☐    Subunit 7.1.1: 10 hours

☐    Subunit 7.1.2: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 7.2: 6 hours ☐    Subunit 7.2.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 7.2.2: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 7.2.3: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 7.2.4: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 7.2.5: 1 hour

Unit7 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
  - Discuss the historical context of the struggle for gender equality. - Explain the nature of the Bill of Rights as related to gender. - Analyze the landmark court cases dealing with the gender equality. - Discuss the potential future of gender equality.

7.1 Historical Context   7.1.1 The Suffrage Movement   - Reading: Hathi Trust Digital Library: Doris Stevens’ “Jailed for Freedom” Link: Hathi Trust Digital Library: Doris Stevens’ “Jailed for Freedom” (HTML)  
 
Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. You can use the arrows above the pages to move through this text. This reading provides a detailed history of the events that led to women’s suffrage in the United States with particular attention paid to those events in the final years before suffrage was granted. This reading should take approximately 10 hours to complete.
 
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7.1.2 The ERA   - Reading: Uncommon Thought Journal: Linda S. Munoz’s “The Language and Foundation of Institutionalized Discrimination” Link: Uncommon Thought Journal: Linda S. Munoz’s “The Language and Foundation of Institutionalized Discrimination” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read this article.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license. It is attributed to Linda S. Munoz. 

7.2 Landmark Court Cases   7.2.1 Minor v. Happersett   - Reading: Cornell University: Legal Information Institute: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Minor v. Happersett Opinion” Link: Cornell University: Legal Information Institute: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Minor v. Happersett Opinion” (HTML)  
 
Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. This reading provides the official opinion of the court. This reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
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7.2.2 Muller v. Oregon   - Reading: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Muller v. Oregon Opinion” Link: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Muller v. Oregon Opinion” (HTML)  
 
Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. This reading provides the official opinion of the court. This reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
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7.2.3 Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp.   - Reading: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp. Opinion” Link: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Phillips v. Martin Marietta Corp.Opinion” (HTML)  
 
Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. This reading provides the official opinion of the court. This reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.2.4 Frontiero v. Richardson   - Reading: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Frontiero v. Richardson Opinion” Link: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “Frontiero v. Richardson Opinion” (HTML)  
 
Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. This reading provides the official opinion of the court. This reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
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  • Reading: PBS: Alex McBride’s “Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)” Link: PBS: Alex McBride’s “Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)” (HTML)  
     
    Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. Also read the links within the text. This reading provides a basic description of the case establishing that law classifying benefits on the basis of gender was unconstitutional. This reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
     
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7.2.5 United States v. Virginia   - Reading: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “United States v. Virginia Opinion” Link: Findlaw: The U.S. Supreme Court’s “United States v. Virginia Opinion” (HTML)  
 
Instructions: Please read the text linked above in its entirety. This reading provides the official opinion of the court. This reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.