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POLSC412: International Law

Unit 5: International Crimes   Unit 5 Time Advisory
This unit will take you approximately 13 hours to complete. 

☐    Subunit 5.1: 5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 5.3: 4 hours

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Explain how war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity are defined and enforced in international law. - Discuss the difficulties of enforcing crimes that occur across national borders. - Explain the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court. - Assess the effectiveness of various strategies to prevent, mitigate, or punish international crime.

5.1 The Development and Enforcement of International Criminal Law   International Criminal Law really began with World War II.  Following the Allies’ victory, ad hoc tribunals were set up in Nuremburg and elsewhere to try individuals charged with war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity.  Codification of international laws pertaining to war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity commenced thereafter.  Allegations of such crimes were generally handled by domestic courts, truth commissions, or ad hoc tribunals created by the United Nations.
 
In 2002, the International Criminal Court (ICC) was created.  It only has jurisdiction over states that have ratified the ICC Convention and the citizens of these states.  It does not have jurisdiction over China, Russia, the United States, or the citizens thereof, as each of these countries has refused to ratify the ICC due to concerns over national sovereignty.

  • Reading: American Society of International Law: Gail A. Partin’s “International Criminal Law” Link: American Society of International Law: Gail A. Partin’s “International Criminal Law” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article, which outlines the development and enforcement of law pertaining to international criminal acts.  The article also links to many resources on international criminal law that you might find interesting but need not read for the purposes of this course.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Benjamin B. Ferencz’s “The Evolution of International Criminal Law (Part I) and (Part II)” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Benjamin B. Ferencz’s “The Evolution of International Criminal Law (Part I) and (Part II)” (RealPlayer Video)
     
    Instructions: Please watch the video presentations (33 and 28 mins.).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Justice Richard Goldstone’s Lecture Notes on “The Future of International Criminal Justice” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Justice Richard Goldstone’s Lecture Notes on “The Future of International Criminal Justice” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Click on the “Related Materials” tab and download the lecture notes. Please review Justice Goldstone’s lecture notes prior to viewing his video presentation below.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Justice Richard Goldstone’s “The Future of International Criminal Justice” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Justice Richard Goldstone’s “The Future of International Criminal Justice”  (RealPlayer Video)
     
    Instructions: Click on the “Video” link in the middle of the page.  Please watch the video presentation (44 mins.).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

5.2 War Crimes and Genocide   - Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: William A. Schabas’ “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: William A. Schabas’ “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide” (HTMLor PDF)
 
Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read Dr. Schabas’ article on the prevention and punishment of genocide.  You can access a PDF version by selecting the “English” link.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: William A. Schabas’ Lecture Notes on “Genocide: The Crime of Crimes” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: William A. Schabas’ Lecture Notes on “Genocide: Crime of Crimes” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Click on the “Related Materials” tab and download the lecture notes.  Please review Dr. Schabas’ lecture notes prior to viewing his video presentation below.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: William A. Schabas’ “Genocide and International Law” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: William A. Schabas’ “Genocide and International Law” (RealPlayer Video)
     
    Instructions: Click on the “Video” link in the middle of the page.  Please watch the video presentation (23 mins.).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Judge Theodor Meron’s “Reflections on the Prosecution of War Crimes by International Tribunals: A Historical Perspective” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Judge Theodor Meron’s “Reflections on the Prosecution of War Crimes by International Tribunals: A Historical Perspective” (RealPlayer Video)
     
    Instructions: Click on the “Video” tab in the middle of the page.  Please watch the video presentation (65 mins.).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

5.3 Terrorism   - Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Rohan Perera’s “Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism (1994)” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Rohan Perera’s “Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism (1994)” (HTMLor PDF)
 
Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read Dr. Perera’s article on UN measures enacted in 1994 to eliminate international terrorism.  You can access a PDF version by selecting the “English” link on the page.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Pierre Klein’s “International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Pierre Klein’s “International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page, select the link titled “English”and read Dr. Klein’s article on UN measures enacted in 1997 to eliminate terrorist bombings.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Pierre Klein’s “International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Pierre Klein’s “International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked pageand select the link titled “English” to read Dr. Klein’s article on UN measures enacted in 1999 to suppress financing of terrorist groups.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Rohan Perera’s “International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005)” Link: The United Nations’ Audiovisual Library of International Law: Rohan Perera’s “International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005)” (HTML or PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read Dr. Perera’s article on UN measures enacted in 2005 to reduce the threat of nuclear terrorism.  You can access a PDF verision by following the above link, and then choosing the PDF titled “English.”
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.