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POLSC322: Asia-Pacific Politics

Unit 5: Politics and Government in China, 1945-Present   In this unit, you will learn about the development of government and politics in China since the end of World War II.  A civil war occurred in China following World War II, which resulted in Mao Tse Tung’s Communist Party taking control of the country. 

During the first decade of Mao’s leadership, millions of Chinese died due to starvation and disease.  In response, Mao initiated the “Great Leap Forward” to modernize industry and agricultural practices.

During the second decade of Mao’s leadership, the Chinese people began to revolt, due to poor living conditions.  The Communist Party reacted by implementing “The Cultural Revolution,” which imposed repressive policies to squelch any dissent and instill fear in the citizenry.

Following the death of Mao, new leaders in China realized that if they wanted to stay in power, they would have to institute political, social, and economic reforms.  These reformers, led by Deng Xioaping, implemented policies that gave rise to China’s current economic boom and rising political status in the world.

Unit 5 Time Advisory
This unit will take you approximately 13 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 5.1: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.3: 5 hours

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Explain the structure of the Chinese political system since 1945.
  • Discuss major domestic political movements in China since 1945.
  • Identify contemporary political, foreign relations, and trade issues in China.
  • Assess the manner in which China’s history and culture impacts current political strategies.

5.1 Revolution in China   - Reading: The Maoist Documentation Project’s translations of Mao Tse Tung’s “Analysis of the Classes in Chinese Society” and “On Protracted War” Links: The Maoist Documentation Project’s translations of Mao Tse Tung’s “Analysis of the Classes in Chinese Society” (HTML) and “On Protracted War” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click the links and read these two documents.  In these essays, Mao sets forth his philosophy of class struggle.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: chrisyang001: China in Revolution (1911-1949): Parts 1-10 Link: YouTube: chrisyang001: China in Revolution (1911-1949):Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, and Part 10
     
    Note:  All videos are in YouTube format.
     
    Instructions:  Please go to the linked pages and view each of the videos (11 minutes each).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

5.2 The Rule of Mao Tse Tung   - Reading: San Jose State University: Dr. Thayer Watkins’ “The Great Leap Forward In China, 1958-1960” Link: San Jose State University: Dr. Thayer Watkins’ “The Great Leap Forward In China, 1958-1960” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: San Jose State University: Dr. Thayer Watkins’ “The Great Proletarian Revolution in China, 1966-1976” Link: San Jose State University: Dr. Thayer Watkins’ “The Great Proletarian Revolution in China, 1966-1976” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article. 
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: thinkquest.org: Discovering China: The Cultural Revolution Link: thinkquest.org: Discovering China: The Cultural Revolution (PDF)

    Also available in:

    EPUB
     
    Instructions: Please read all sections of the material.
     
    Terms of Use: This material has been hosted with the kind permission of Think Quest.

  • Reading: The Foreign Language Press’ translations of Mao Tse Tung’s “On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship,” “Struggle Against ‘Three Evils’ and ‘Five Evils’,” and “U.S. Imperialism is a Paper Tiger” Links: The Foreign Language Press’ translations of  Mao Tse Tung’s “On the People's Democratic Dictatorship,” (HTML) “Struggle Against 'Three Evils' and 'Five Evils',” (HTML)  “US Imperialism is a Paper Tiger” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links and read these documents.  In these essays, Mao discusses the benefits of engaging in war to defeat imperialism in all of its forms.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: PublicResourceOrg’s “China Leaps Forward, 1958” Link: YouTube: PublicResourceOrg’s “China Leaps Forward, 1958” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Watch this video.
     
    Watching this video and taking notes should take approximately 1 hour.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License. It is attributed to PublicResourceOrgand the original version can be found here.

  • Web Media: YouTube: politicsstuff: Chinese Economic Planning under Mao: Part 1 and Part 2 Link: YouTube: politicsstuff: Chinese Economic Planning under MaoPart 1 (YouTube) and Part 2 (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked pages and view the videos (10 minutes each).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

5.3 Post-Mao Reforms and Foreign Policy   - Reading: Congressional Research Service: Dr. Michael Martin’s “Understanding China’s Political System” Link: Reading: Congressional Research Service: Dr. Michael Martin’s “Understanding China’s Political System” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the corresponding link on the webapge, and read the article by Dr. Michael Martin.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: factsanddetails.com: Deng Xiaoping’s Economic Reforms Link: factsanddetails.com: “Deng Xiaoping’s Economic Reforms” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: Congressional Research Service: Dr. Kerry Lumbaugh’s “China-US Relations: Current Issues and Implications for US Policy” Link: Reading: Congressional Research Service: Dr. Kerry Lumbaugh’s “China-US Relations: Current Issues and Implications for US Policy” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page, and scroll down until you see “RL33877”under the China sub-heading.  Click this link to open the PDF file, and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: The New York Times: Mark Landler’s “Colonialism Ending in East Asia as China Reclaims Macao” Link: The New York Times: Mark Landler’s “Colonialism Ending in East Asia as China Reclaims Macao” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: Slate.com: Christopher Beam’s “How Communist Is China?” Link: Slate.com: Christopher Beam’s “How Communist Is China?” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read this document. 
     
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  • Reading: The Carnegie Council: Joshua Kurlantzick and Devin T. Stewart’s “Hu's on First?” Link: The Carnegie Council: Joshua Kurlantzick and Devin T.  Stewart’s “Hu's on First?” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: Foreign Policy: Stephen M. Walt's "Reading Hu Jintao's Mind" Link: Foreign Policy: Stephen M. Walt's "Reading Hu Jintao's Mind" (HTML)

    Instructions: Please open the article and read about the Chinese leader, Hu Jintao.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on this website.

  • Web Media: University of Chicago: “How China Became Capitalist: A Conversation Between Ronald H. Coase and Ning Wang” Link: University of Chicago: “How China Became Capitalist: A Conversation Between Ronald H. Coase and Ning Wang” (YouTube)

    Instructions: Please watch the entire video (3:30).

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Lecture: UCTV: Mark Leonard’s “What Does China Think?” Link: UCTV: Mark Leonard’s “What Does China Think?” (Adobe Flash)
     
    Also available in:
    Mp3
    Mp4 Video
     
    Instruction: Please go to the linked page and view the lecture by Dr. Leonard on contemporary Chinese views on politics and international relations (59 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Lecture: UCTV: Jerome Cohen’s “Is There Law in China? Is There Justice?” Link: UCTV: Jerome Cohen’s “Is There Law in China? Is There Justice?” (Adobe Flash)
     
    Also available in:
    Mp3
    Mp4 Video
     
    Instruction: Please go to the linked page and view the lecture by Dr. Cohen on the justice system in China (47 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Lecture: UCTV: “The 60th Anniversary of the People's Republic of China: Examining the Resilience of Communist Party Rule” Link: UCTV: “The 60th Anniversary of the People's Republic of China: Examining the Resilience of Communist Party Rule” (Adobe Flash)
     
    Also available in:
    Mp3
    Mp4 Format
     
    Instruction: Please go to the linked page and view the panel discussion of the history of Communist Party rule in China from 1949-2009 (88 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.