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POLSC322: Asia-Pacific Politics

Unit 3: The Impact of Western Imperialism on Government and Politics in East Asia During the 16th to Mid-20th Centuries   During the 16th century, European explorers ventured into East Asia, seeking raw materials to exploit through industrialization and new markets for finished goods.  The next four centuries saw vast colonialization of Asia, as well as Africa. 

The French focused their colonial developments in the region of Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos).  The Spanish focused on the Philippines and Guam.  The Dutch focused on treaty ports in China (Xiamen and Fujian) as well as Indonesia. The British were deeply entrenched in Central Asia (India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Arabian Peninsula), but also had many treaty ports in China, in addition to the islands of Hong Kong and Singapore. The Germans and Italians had little colonial involvement in Asia, save for their treaty ports in Shanghai and Tianjin, China. The Americans were relative latecomers to the imperialism game – they had treaty ports in China and Japan, and then reaped the spoils of victory in the Spanish-American War by gaining control of Guam and the Philippines from Spain in 1898.  The ancient kingdom of Siam (Thailand) was able to remain autonomous through the ceding of border territories to French colonialists.  The Japanese were forced by the Americans to allow “treaty ports,” but were a colonial power themselves, annexing Korea as a colony in 1910. 

Colonialism laid the foundation for World War II and the Communist Revolution in China, as well as several Cold War conflicts in the region. Distrust of Westerners and the Japanese because of abuses that occurred during the colonial era in Asia continues to impact foreign relations and trade in the region today.

Unit 3 Time Advisory
This unit will take you approximately 12 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 3.1: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 3.2: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 3.3: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 3.4: 4 hours

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the political systems of East Asia during the colonial era from the 16th to 20thcenturies.
  • Identify key political philosophies of East Asia during the colonial era from the 16th to 20thcenturies.
  • Assess the impact that historical events from the 16th to 20th centuries and colonialism by Western powers have had on Asian politics and culture.

3.1 Colonial Conquests in China, Macau, and Hong Kong   - Reading: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s China and the West: Imperialism, Opium, and Self-Strengthening (1800-1921) Link: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s China and the West: Imperialism, Opium, and Self-Strengthening (1800-1921) (HTML)
 
Instructions: Go to the linked page and read the article. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: Ruixue Jia’s “The Legacies of Forced Freedom: China’s Treaty Ports” Link: Ruixue Jia’s “The Legacies of Forced Freedom: China’s Treaty Ports” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click the above link, find the article under the section labeled “Papers” and download the PDF to read the entire paper.
     
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  • Reading: History in Focus: Dr. Robert Bicker’s “Crossing Borders in Treaty Port China” Link: History in Focus: Dr. Robert Bicker’s “Crossing Borders in Treaty Port China” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Web Media: nuclearvault: “China: The Roots of Madness (1967)” Link: nuclearvault: “China: The Roots of Madness(1967)” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and view the film, which traces government in China from the age of imperialism to Mao’s victory in 1949 (77 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

3.2 Colonialism in, and by, Japan   - Reading: Wesleyan University: Dr. Bill Gordon’s “Explanations of Japan’s Imperialist Expansion, 1894-1910” Link: Wesleyan University: Dr. Bill Gordon’s “Explanations of Japan’s Imperialist Expansion, 1894-1910” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: Columbia University: Commodore Perry and Japan Link: Columbia University: Commodore Perry and Japan (HTML)
      
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page to read about the mid-19th century demands by the U.S. for access to Japanese ports for trade.
     
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  • Reading: Columbia University: The Meiji Restoration and Modernization Link: Columbia University: The Meiji Restoration and Modernization (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page to read about the 19th century overthrow of the Shoguns, the Constitution of 1868, and the restoration of the Meiji Emperors.
     
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  • Reading: Columbia University: Imperialism, War, Revolution in East Asia (1900-1945) and Korea as a Colony of Japan (1910-1945) Link: Columbia University: Imperialism, War, Revolution in East Asia (1900-1945) and Korea as a Colony of Japan (1910-1945) (PDF)
      
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Web Media: Link: Columbia University: Gerald Curtis’ “The Japanese Diet: History of the Japanese Parliament” Link: Columbia University: Gerald Curtis’ “The Japanese Diet: History of the Japanese Parliament” (HTML, Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read the information on the page, then view the short video (3 minutes).
     
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  • Web Media: YouTube: asai4asai: Japanese History of Edo Period to Meiji Restoration: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, and Part 6 Links: YouTube: asai4asai: Japanese History of Edo Period to Meiji Restoration: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3Part 4Part 5, and Part 6
     
    Note: All videos are in YouTube format.
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked pages and watch each of the videos (8 minutes each).
     
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3.3 Colonial Conquests in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos   - Reading: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Constance Williams’ “Colonialism and Nationalism in Southeast Asia” Link: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Constance Williams’ “Colonialism and Nationalism in Southeast Asia” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
 
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  • Reading: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Rey Ty’s “Colonialism and Nationalism in Southeast Asia” Link: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Rey Ty’s “Colonialism and Nationalism in Southeast Asia” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Vietnam Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Vietnam (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
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  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Cambodia Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Cambodia (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
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  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Laos Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Laos (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
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  • Reading: asian-nation.org: The Lessons of Colonialism Link: asian-nation.org: The Lessons of Colonialism (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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3.4 Colonial Conquests in Other Nations of Eastern Asia   - Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Thailand Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Thailand (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Indonesia Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Indonesia (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
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  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Singapore Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Singapore (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Philippines Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: Philippines (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: philippine-history.org: The Spaniards as Colonial Masters in the Philippines article Link: philippine-history.org: The Spaniards as Colonial Masters in the Philippines (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: philippinecountry.com: Philippine History – American Period Link: philippinecountry.com: Philippine History – American Period (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: countriesquest.com: Colonialism Averted - Thailand Link: countriesquest.com: Colonialism Averted - Thailand (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
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  • Reading: Mohb Rizal bin Mohd Yaakop, International Journal for Historical Studies, “The British Legacy on the Development of Politics in Malaya” Link: Mohb Rizal bin Mohd Yaakop, International Journal for Historical Studies, “The British Legacy on the Development of Politics in Malaya” (PDF)

    Instructions: In the right hand menu, find the link for “Papers & Articles.” Click on the “+” sign and scroll down until you find the title of the article, “The British Legacy on the Development of Politics in Malaya,” then click the link. To view the article, click on the PDF icon under the abstract.

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  • Reading: Nipissing University: Dr. Steve Muhlberger’s “The Dutch in Indonesia” article. Link: Nipissing University: Dr. Steve Muhlberger’s “The Dutch in Indonesia” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Click through the items on the table of contents and read each article.
     
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  • Reading: San Jose State University: Dr. Thayer Watkins’ “The Sukarno Era of Indonesian History” Link: San Jose State University: Dr. Thayer Watkins’ “The Sukarno Era of Indonesian History” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Click through the items on the table of contents and read each article.
     
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