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POLSC322: Asia-Pacific Politics

Unit 2: Government and Politics in East Asia from Ancient Times to the 16th Century   In this unit, you will learn about the political systems and philosophies of countries of Eastern Asia from ancient times until the era in which European and American colonial conquests began in Asia.  Monarchist governments, some of which continued for more than a millennium, characterized the pre-colonial period of government.  Feudalism, rather than a monarchy, took root in Japan during this era.

One of the great mysteries of history involves the disappearance of civilizations in the Mekong region (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos) during the pre-colonial era.  During this era, there were many wars between Japan and China, both of which used Korea as a “land bridge” to launch attacks on one another.  This enmity among Japan, China, and Korea is often invoked during contemporary disputes.  Influences from Southwest Asia and India also manifested themselves during this era, through the rule of maharajahs and the introduction of Buddhism and Islam into Eastern Asia.

Unit 2 Time Advisory
This unit will take you approximately 13 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 2.1: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 2.3: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 2.4: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 2.5: 2 hours

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the political systems of East Asia from ancient times to the 16th century.
  • Identify key political philosophies of East Asia from ancient times to the 18th century.
  • Assess the impact that historical events have had on Asian politics and culture.

2.1 Government and Politics in China from Ancient Times to the 18th Century   - Reading: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s Timeline of Chinese History and Dynasties Link: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s Timeline of Chinese History and Dynastie*[s](http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/timelines/china_timeline.htm) (HTML)
 
Instructions: Go to the linked page and review the timeline of *Chinese History and Dynasties
.  You may wish to bookmark or print this timeline for future reference during this course.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: City University of New York, Brooklyn: “Chinese Cultural Studies: Concise Political History of China” Link: City University of New York, Brooklyn: “Chinese Cultural Studies:Concise Political History of China” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: itmonline.org: Dr. Subhuti Dharmananda’s “Chinese Dynasties” Link: itmonline.org: Dr. Subhuti Dharmananda’s “Chinese Dynasties” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.
     

  • Reading: Excerpts from Lionel Giles’ translation of Sun Tzu’s The Art of War Link: Excerpts from Lionel Giles’ translation of Sun Tzu’s The Art of War (HTML)
     
    Also available in:
    Google Books ($7.38)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page, which contains links to each chapter within this classic work of political and military theory, written by Sun Tzu in the 6th century B.C.  Read Chapters 1, 2, and 13, each of which isaccessible by clicking on the numbers for chapters on the linked page.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: Allhistoria: “The First Emperor: The Man Who Made China (Part 1)” Link: Allhistoria: “The First Emperor: The Man Who Made China (Part 1)” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and view the video (10 minutes).  You will only be watching Part 1 of this multi-part series for the purposes of this course, although you may want to go back and watch the other four segments for further knowledge. 
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: HistoryYou: “Dynasties: The Mongol Empire – Part 1/5” Link: YouTube: HistoryYou: “Dynasties: The Mongol Empire – Part 1/5” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and view the video (10 minutes).  You will only be watching Part 1 of this multi-part series for the purposes of this course, although you may want to go back and watch the other four segments for further knowledge. 
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Lecture: UCTV: Frederic Wakeman’s “Qing Culturalism and Manchu Identity” Link: UCTV: Frederic Wakeman’s “Qing Culturalism and Manchu Identity” (YouTube)
     
    Also available in:
    Mp3
    Mp4 Video
     
    Instruction: Please go to the linked page and view the lecture by Dr. Wakeman on medieval Chinese views on politics and culture (59 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: This video is licensed by the copyright holder, UCTV, as CC-BY-NC-ND - Creative Commons (Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works). For more information about this license, please read: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/.

2.2 Government and Politics in Japan from Ancient Times to the 18th Century   - Reading: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s Japanese History: A Chronlogical Outline Link: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s Japanese History: A Chronlogical Outline (HTML)
 
Instructions: Go to the linked page and review the timeline of Japanese history.  You may wish to bookmark or print this timeline for future reference during this course.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: Creighton University: Dr. Robert Churchill’s “Ancient Japan” Link: Creighton University: Dr. Robert Churchill’s “Ancient Japan” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article. 
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: Columbia University: Robert Oxnam’s “Classical Japan: An Introduction” Link: Columbia University: Robert Oxnam’s “Classical Japan: An Introduction” (HTML, Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read the information on the page, then view the short video (2 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: Columbia University: H. Paul Varley’s “Medieval Japan: The Tales of the Samurai” Link: Columbia University: H.  Paul Varley’s “Medieval Japan: The Tales of the Samurai” (HTML, Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read the information on the page, then view the short video (2 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Lecture: iTunesU: Harvard University: Dr. Mikael Adolphson’s “Japan: Tradition and Transformation” Link: iTunesU: Harvard University: Dr. Mikael Adolphson’s “Japan: Tradition and Transformation (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and view the short video lecture by Dr. Adolphson, in which he explains the history and role of the samurai in Japanese politics (12 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: Columbia University: Robert Oxnam’s “Medieval Japan: ‘Feudalism’ in Japan” Link: Columbia University: Robert Oxnam’s “Medieval Japan: ‘Feudalism’ in Japan” (HTML, Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read the information on the page, then view the short video (3 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: Columbia University: Robert Oxnam’s “Kinship Aspects of the Lord-Vassal Relationship in Japan” Link: Columbia University: Robert Oxnam’s “Kinship Aspects of the Lord-Vassal Relationship in Japan” (HTML, Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read the information on the page, then view the short video (2 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.3 Government and Politics in Korea from Ancient Times to the 18th Century   - Reading: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s A Timeline of Korean History Link: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s A Timeline of Korean History (HTML)
 
Instructions: Go to the linked page and review the timeline of Korean history.  You may wish to bookmark or print this timeline for future reference during this course.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: South Korea Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: South Korea (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read Chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: North Korea Link: U.S. Library of Congress: A Country Study: North Korea (HTMLor PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page.  Read Chapters 1 and 2 of the report.  You can access the links to the chapters from the left column of the linked webpage.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Kingdoms of Korea Link: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Kingdoms of Korea (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article, which summarizes the history and government of Korea from ancient times to the 4th Century A.D.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: prkorea: The Korean History Channel’s “Goguryeo, the Powerful Kingdom in Ancient Northeast Asia” Link: YouTube: prkorea: The Korean History Channel’s “Goguryeo, the Powerful Kingdom in Ancient Northeast Asia” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the link and view the short video on the history and government of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era (4 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: prkorea: The Korean History Channel’s “Baekje Kingdom” Link: YouTube: prkorea: The Korean History Channel’s “Baekje Kingdom” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the link and view the short video on the history and government of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era (5 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: prkorea: The Korean History Channel’s “Silla Dynasty” Link: YouTube: prkorea: The Korean History Channel’s “Silla Dynasty” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the link and view the short video on the history and government of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era (4 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.4 Government and Politics in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos from Ancient Times to the 18th Century   - Reading: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s Vietnamese History: A Chronological Outline Link: Columbia University: Asia for Educator’s Vietnamese History: A Chronological Outline (HTML)
 
Instructions: Go to the linked page and review the timeline of Vietnamese history.  You may wish to bookmark or print this timeline for future reference during thiscourse.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Khmer Civilization Link: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Khmer Civilization (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article, which summarizes the history and government of Cambodia from ancient times to the 15th Century A.D.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: localhistories.org: Tim Lambert’s “A Brief History of Laos” Link: localhistories.org: Tim Lambert’s “A Brief History of Laos” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Cultures of Siam Link: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Cultures of Siam (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article, which summarizes the history and government of Thailand from ancient times to the 19th century A.D.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: imolwayzbeme: “Ancient Cambodia” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

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2.5 Government and Politics in Indonesia, Singapore, and the Philippines from Ancient Times to the 18th Century   - Reading: Stopover World: “Stopover in Singapore” Link: Stopover World: “Stopover in Singapore” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Read this article.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 License. It is attributed to Stopover World.

  • Reading: Metropolasia.com: Singapore’s Early History Link: Metropolasia.com: Singapore’s Early History (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article, which summarizes the history of government and politics in Singapore.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Reading: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Philippine Archipelago Link: ancientweb.com: The Ancient Philippine Archipelago  (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please go to the linked page and read the article, which summarizes the history and government of Cambodia from ancient times to the 16th century A.D.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.