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POLSC321: Mideast Politics

Unit 14: Islamic Revivalism   Modern Islamist movements in the Middle East self-identify as revivalist movements, hearkening back to a golden age of Islam in the Middle Ages.  In reality, these movements are profoundly modern, emerging in response to a variety of modern phenomena.  In this unit, you will investigate the origins and growth of Islamic revivalism in the Middle East, with particular attention to Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda.

Unit 14 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 9.75 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 14.1: 0.75 hours

☐    Subunit 14.2: 3.25 hours

☐    Subunit 14.3: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 14.4: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 14.5: 4.25 hours

☐    Readings: 4 hours

☐    Web Media: 0.25 hours

Unit14 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Identify the primary tenets of the various Islamist movements across the Middle East and differentiate between them. - Identify the primary reasons for the growth and decline of political Islam in the Middle East. - Summarize the policy of Islamization in Iran. - Summarize the reasons why Osama bin Laden came to turn against the Saudi Arabian regime. - Identify the primary causes of the al-Qaeda attack on the United States (September 2001).

14.1 Definition of Islamism   - Reading: Mideast Web’s “Islamism” Link: Mideast Web’s “Islamism” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text, which addresses different types of Islamism with particular attention to their view of the relationship between religion and politics and of the use of violence.
 
You should spend approximately 45 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

14.2 Distinction between Islam and Islamism   - Reading: University of Notre Dame’s OpenCourseWare: Professor Asma Afsaruddin’s “Revivalism and Reform” Link: University of Notre Dame’s OpenCourseWare: Professor Asma Afsaruddin’s “Revivalism and Reform” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire webpage.  Focus on the different types of Islamic revivalism and on their relationship to Islam.

 You should spend approximately 1 hour studying this resource.  
    
 Terms of Use: The reading above is released under a [Creative
Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) (HTML). 
  • Reading: The Orange Grove: John Bunzl’s Islam, Judaism, and the Political Role of Religions in the Middle East Link: The Orange Grove: John Bunzl’s Islam, Judaism, and the Political Role of Religions in the Middle East (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select “Islam, Judaism, and the Political Role of Religions in the Middle East” to download the PDF.  Please read pp. 5-7 of the introduction.
     
    You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.
     
    Terms of Use: The reading above is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License 3.0 (HTML). 

  • Reading: Middle East Policy Council: Dr. Lise Storm’s “The Dilemma of the Islamists: Human Rights, Democratization, and the War on Terror” Link: Middle East Policy Council: Dr. Lise Storm’s “The Dilemma of the Islamists: Human Rights, Democratization, and the War on Terror” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire article.  Make sure you click on the “next” link at the bottom of each page to read through all six pages.  Focus on the causes of radicalization and on the distinction between “good” and “bad” Islamists.

    Studying this resource should take approximately 2 hours to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

14.3 Muslim Brotherhood   - Web Media: PBS Frontline’s “Revolution in Cairo” Link: PBS Frontline’s “Revolution in Cairo” (Flash)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and watch the second part of the video called “The Brothers.”  Focus on the origin and history of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
 
You should spend approximately 30 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

14.4 al Qaeda   - Reading: PBS’s “Brief History of al Qaeda” and PBS Frontline’s “A Biography of Osama Bin Laden” Link: PBS’s “Brief History of al Qaeda” (HTML) and PBS Frontline’s “A Biography of Osama Bin Laden” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the links above, and read the entirety of each webpage to learn about the history of al Qaeda and on the radicalization of Osama bin Laden.
 
You should approximately 1 hour on these resources.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

14.5 9/11   - Reading: The Atlantic: Richard Lewis’s “What Went Wrong?” and The Nation: Edward W. Said’s “The Clash of Ignorance” Links: The Atlantic: Bernard Lewis’s “The Roots of Muslim Rage” (HTML) and The Nation: Edward W. Said’s “The Clash of Ignorance” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the links above, and read each article in its entirety.  For “The Roots of Muslim Rage” make sure to click on “next” to access all 6 pages of the article.  For “The Clash of Ignorance,” make sure to click on “next” to access all 3 pages of the article.  Focus on the US response to the 9/11 attacks.  Consider the basis of Lewis’ and Said’s disagreement.
 
Studying these readings should take approximately 4 hours to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

  • Reading: MSNBC: Andrea Mitchell Reports: “Saudi Arabia’s Questionable Ties to 9/11” Link: MSNBC: Andrea Mitchell Reports: “Saudi Arabia’s Questionable Ties to 9/11” (Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and view the entire video, which addresses the role of the Saudi government in the 9/11 attacks and the credibility of the evidence.
     
    Viewing this video should take less than 15 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.