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POLSC321: Mideast Politics

Unit 10: Israel/Palestine: Independence and War   In 1947, the UN issued a partition proposal for Palestine and, the next year, Israel declared independence.  Three military conflicts characterized this period as (1) Palestinians and Israelis joined together to expel the British from Palestine, (2) Israelis and Palestinians fought a civil war in Palestine, and (3) the newly established state of Israel fought a war against its neighbors.  The Palestinians were soundly defeated in this conflict and were left to rely on traditional Arab powers to pursue their interests.  When this policy failed, the Palestinians formed the Palestinian Liberation Organization in an effort to represent itself.  Meanwhile a series of wars were fought between Israel and the surrounding states, ending with a historic peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.
 
In this unit, you will investigate Israel’s successful struggle for independence and resistance to that independence among Palestinians and the nations of the broader Middle East.  

Unit 10 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 3.25 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 10.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 10.2: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 10.3: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 10.4: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 10.5: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 10.6: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 10.7: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 10.8: 0.25 hours

Unit10 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Summarize how Israel was able to defeat Arab states in the first Arab-Israeli war (1948). - Identify the origin and purpose of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). - Identify the causes and consequences of the June War (1967) in Israel. - Identify the primary provisions of UN Resolution 242 (1967). - Summarize the response of the defeated Arab nations to their loss in the Six-Day War. - Identify the principal terms of the Camp David Accords.  Summarize the reaction of the Arab world reacted to the accords.

10.1 The Birth of Israel   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Please take approximately 1 hour to review these resources, and focus on the civil war with the Palestinians and the reasons for the Israeli victory.

10.2 The UNSCOP Partition Plan   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The United Nations Partition Plan” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The United Nations Partition Plan” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire webpage.  Focus on the role of the U.S. in crafting the plan, as well as the Palestinian and Zionist response to it.
 
You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

10.3 The War of 1948   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Please spend approximately 30 minutes reviewing these resources, and focus on the reasons for the Israeli victory over the surrounding Arab states.

10.4 The Suez Crisis of 1956   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Please spend approximately 30 minutes reviewing these resources, and focus on the plan devised by the English and the French and the outcome of the operation.

10.5 The PLO   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The Palestine Liberation Organization” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The Palestine Liberation Organization” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link, and read the entire text to learn about the origin and strategies of the PLO.

 You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

10.6 The War of 1967   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The June 1967 War” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The June 1967 War” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text.  Focus on the Origin and consequences of the 1967 War.  For this topic you should also use the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.
 
You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

10.7 The Occupation   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The Occupied Territories/Jerusalem” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The Occupied Territories/Jerusalem” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text.  Focus on the strategies used by Israel to control the Occupied Territories.  For this topic you should also use the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.
 
You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

10.8 The War of 1973   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The October 1973 War/Camp David I” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The October 1973 War/Camp David I” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text to learn about the causes and consequences of the war.  Please note that this reading also covers the topic outlined in subunit 10.9.
 
You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

10.9 The Camp David Accords (1978)   Note: This topic is covered by the resource assigned below subunit 10.8.  Focus on the reasons the parties came together and the commitments made by each side.