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POLSC321: Mideast Politics

Unit 9: Israel/Palestine: Origins of the Conflict   In the late 19th century, a group of European Jews, led by Theodor Herzl, birthed a nationalist movement called Zionism, which had the goal of securing a national homeland for the Jewish people.  After several candidates were considered, these Zionists settled on Palestine as the optimal location for this homeland.  As waves of Jewish migrants began to arrive in Palestine, a resistance movement emerged among the indigenous people and their allies in the surrounding Arab societies.
 
In this unit, you will investigate the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the role played by the British, the ideology animating Zionism, and the approach taken to settling Palestine by early Zionist migrants.

Unit 9 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 14.25 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 9.1: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 9.2: 0.25 hour

☐    Subunit 9.3: 0.5 hour

☐    Subunit 9.4: 8.75 hours

☐    Readings: 7.25 hours

☐    Web Media: 1.5 hours 

☐    Subunit 9.5: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 9.10: 0.25 hour

☐    Subunit 9.11: 1 hour

Unit9 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Identify the historical basis of the Jewish and Palestinian claims to the land of Israel/Palestine. - Identify the origins and purpose of Zionism. - Summarize the early Zionists approach to the indigenous Arab population of Palestine. - Summarize the process by which Zionists acquired land in Palestine. - Summarize how the British attempted to balance Jewish and Palestinian interests during the mandate period. - Identify and describe the origins of the state of Israel.

9.1 Historical Claims   - Reading: Aish.com: Rabbi Ken Spiro’s “Jerusalem: Jewish and Muslim Claims to the Holy City” Link: Aish.com: Rabbi Ken Spiro’s “Jerusalem: Jewish and Muslim Claims to the Holy City” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire article, which discusses the Jewish and Palestinian claims to Palestine and the role that Jerusalem plays in each of their historical narratives.
 
You should spend approximately 30 minutes on this reading.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.2 Ottoman Rule   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The Land and the People” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The Land and the People” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text.  Focus on the size of the Jewish and Arab populations under the Ottomans and the Ottoman policy toward Jewish migration.
 
You should spend approximately 15-20 minutes on this reading.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.3 The Development of the Palestinian Identity   - Reading: Global Oneness’s “Palestinian People” Link: Global Oneness’s “Palestinian People” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the brief article to learn about how and why the Palestinian identity emerged over time and how it has changed.
 
Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.4 Zionism   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “Zionism” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “Zionism” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and use this resource as an overview for the Zionist movement and the definition of Zionism.  Please note that this resource should also be used for subunits 10.3 and 10.4.
 
You should spend approximately 15-20 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Jewish Virtual Library: Moshe Maor’s “The History of Zionism” Link: Jewish Virtual Library: Moshe Maor’s “The History of Zionism” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text to learn about the origins of Zionism and on its different political strands.
     
    Studying this resource should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: Vimeo: Professor Zachary Lockman’s “A Brief History of Zionism” Link: Vimeo: Professor Zachary Lockman’s “A Brief History of Zionism” (Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and view the whole video; it is a comprehensive history of Zionism and of the ongoing issues affecting the movement.
     
    Viewing this video and pausing to take notes should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Mideast Web’s “Zionism: Definition and History” and “Israel, Palestine, and the Israel-Palestine Conflict: A Brief History, Part I” Links: Mideast Web’s “Zionism: Definition and History” (HTML) and “Israel, Palestine, and the Israel-Palestine Conflict: A Brief History, Part I” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links above, and read both webpages in their entirety.  These resources can be used for all of the subunits in Unit 9.  Use these resources to get an overview of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
     
    Studying these resources should take approximately 3 hours to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Daniel J. Castellano’s A Brief History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict Link: Daniel J. Castellano’s A Brief History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read all of Part I.  This resource can be used for all of the subunits in Unit 9.  Use this resource to get an overview of the Arab-Israeli conflict.  Then, click on the “Continue to Part II” link, and complete that reading as well.
     
    Studying this resource should take approximately 3 hours to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.5 Balfour Declaration   - Reading: Institute for Historical Review: Robert John’s “Behind the Balfour Declaration” Link: Institute for Historical Review: Robert John’s “Behind the Balfour Declaration” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire article.  Focus on the provisions of the Balfour Declaration and Britain’s rationale for issuing it.
 
You should spend approximately 3 hours on this reading.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.6 Sharif Husayn   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Focus on the concessions made by Sharif Husayn to Zionism and the conditions of those concessions.

9.7 Chaim Weizmann   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Focus on the reasons for Weizmann’s success in advancing the Zionist cause.

9.8 Early Jewish Immigration   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Focus on the characteristics and ideology of the early Jewish immigrants to Palestine.

9.9 Land Acquisition   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Focus on the strategies used by the Zionists to acquire ownership over land.

9.10 The British Mandate in Palestine   - Reading: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The British Mandate in Palestine” Link: Middle East Research and Information Project’s “The British Mandate in Palestine” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text.  Focus on the strategy and progress made by Palestinians and Jews during this period.
 
You should spend approximately 15 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.11 The Passfield White Paper   - Reading: Mideast Web’s “The Passfield ‘White Paper’” Link: Mideast Web’s “The Passfield ‘White Paper’” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire text to learn about the provisions of the Passfield White Paper and how it was circumvented.
 
You should spend approximately 1 hour studying this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.12 Arab Revolt   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Focus on the causes of the Arab revolt.

9.13 Partition Proposals   Note: This topic is covered by the resources assigned below subunit 9.4.  Focus on who made the proposals and on what was promised to the Palestinians and the Jews.