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POLSC321: Mideast Politics

Unit 6: Turkey and Iran   Turkey and Iran both emerged as nation-states in the ruins of great empires.  They followed similar paths to independence and have wrestled with the challenges of democratization, human rights, political Islam, and the accommodation of minorities.  In spite of these similarities, Turkey and Iran have followed different paths in the last few decades.  These differences can be explained, in part, by events and decisions made in their struggle to constitute themselves as independent states.  In this unit, you will chart the modern development of Turkey and Iran and identify similarities and differences between the two societies.  

Unit 6 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 5.75 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 6.1: 1.75 hours

☐    Subunit 6.2: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 6.3: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 6.4: 0.75 hours

☐    Subunit 6.5: 2 hours

Unit6 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Define dictator, and determine whether or not Atatürk meets this definition. - Identify the primary provisions of the Treaty of Sèvres and the Turkish National Pact. - Discuss Atatürk’s goal of creating a new Turkish national identity. - Identify the principles of Kemalism. - Summarize how Turkey has responded to Kurdish demands for autonomy. - Compare and contrast the systems of government established in modern Iran and modern Turkey. - Define the origin and purpose of the Majlis. - Summarize how Reza Shah came to power in Iran. - Summarize how Mohamed Mossadeq came to power in Iran and how he was removed from power. - Identify the origins of the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and the reasons for its success.

6.1 The Birth of Modern Turkey   - Reading: Columbia University: S. Sadi Seferoglu’s “Mustafa Kemal Atatürk” Link: Columbia University: S. Sadi Seferoglu’s “Mustafa Kemal Atatürk” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and study the information on this webpage.  Use this resource to study the conditions surrounding the birth of modern Turkey.  Please note that this reading also covers topics outlined in subunit 6.2 and sub-subunits 6.2.1 through 6.2.3.
 
Studying this reading should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.1.1 The Treaty of Sèvres   - Reading: History Learning Site’s “The Treaty of Sèvres” Link: History Learning Site’s “The Treaty of Sèvres” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the brief text.  Focus on how and why Anatolia was divided up in the Treaty of Sèvres.
 
You should spend approximately 30 minutes on this reading.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.1.2 The National Pact   - Reading: Erkut Aldeniz’s “The War of Independence” Link: Erkut Aldeniz’s “The War of Independence” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read this brief article.  Focus on the provisions of the National Pact.
 
You should spend approximately 15-20 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.1.3 Nationalism   6.2 Atatürk   6.2.1 The Six Principles of Kemalism   Note: This topic is covered by the resource assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, review the section “Founder of the Republic,” and identify the six principles of Kemalism.

6.2.2 Atatürk and Dictatorship   - Reading: Today’s Zaman: Ihsan Dagi’s “Was Ataturk a Dictator? Ask Him” Link: Today’s Zaman: Ihsan Dagi’s “Was Ataturk a Dictator? Ask Him” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read this entire
article.  In considering whether Ataturk was a dictator, make sure
you think also about what a dictator is in a general sense.  
    
 This reading should take approximately 15 minutes to complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

6.2.3 Atatürk’s Aspirations for Turkey   Note: This topic is covered by the resource assigned below subunit 6.1.  Review the resource for information on how Ataturk hoped to change Turkey.

6.3 Reform of the Qajar Dynasty   - Reading: New York University: Shiva Balaghi’s “A Brief History of the 20th-Century Iran” Link: New York University: Shiva Balaghi’s “A Brief History of the 20th-Century Iran” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the entire article.  Focus on Iran’s constitutional reforms under the Qajars.  This resource also covers the topic outlined in sub-subunits 6.4.1.
 
Studying this resource should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.4 The Pahlavi Dynasty   6.4.1 Reza Shah   Note: This topic is covered by the resource assigned below subunit 6.3.  As you review the reading, focus on how Reza Shah came to power and the principles by which he governed in Iran.

6.4.2 Mohamed Mossadeq   - Web Media: Democracy Now’s “Stephen Kinzer on the History of BP/British Petroleum and Its Role in the 1953 Iran Coup” Link: Democracy Now’s “Stephen Kinzer on the History of BP/British Petroleum and Its Role in the 1953 Iran Coup” (Flash)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and view this entire video.  Focus on the reasons why Mossadeq ascended to power, his policy proposals, and the reasons for the coup against him.
 
Viewing this video and pausing to take notes should take approximately 45 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.5 The Islamic Revolution of 1979   - Reading: UCLA International Institute: Abbas Milani’s “From the Shah to the Ayatollah, Continuities and Ruptures” Link: UCLA International Institute: Abbas Milani’s “From the Shah to the Ayatollah, Continuities and Ruptures” (MP3)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and listen to the entire podcast to learn about the causes, composition, and consequences of the Revolution.
 
You should spend approximately 45 minutes on this resource.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: iTunes U: Columbia University: Professor Richard Bulliet’s “Lecture 24: The Islamic Republic” Link: iTunes U: Columbia University: Professor Richard Bulliet’s “Lecture 24: The Islamic Republic” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select “View in iTunes for “Lecture 24: The Islamic Republic.”  As you view the lecture, focus on the causes, composition, and consequences of the Revolution.
     
    You should spend approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes on this resource.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.