Loading...

POLSC241: Introduction to Public Administration

Unit 2: Intergovernmental Relations   Within a broader context of public administration, it is important to understand the dynamic process that affects the changing role of government.  The role of government is of particular relevance, because the decisions made through the political process determine the environment in which a public administrator will carry out policy.  The legitimacy of the role of government is expressed through policies or programs created to represent the demands of the majority.  In addition, overlap of jurisdictional boundaries and the concurrent powers inherent in the U.S. federal system create unique complexities for public administrators.

Unit 2 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 11.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 2.1: 9.25 hours

☐    Introduction: 1.25 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 2.1.1: 4.25 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 2.1.2: 3.5 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 2.1.3: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2: 2.25 hours

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to: - Describe the roles of each level of government within the U.S. federal system. - Identify the various phases of federalism and intergovernmental relations. - Discuss the administrative, financial, and political elements of intergovernmental relations that affect major policy issues.

2.1 Federalism   - Reading: Wadsworth Cengage Learning: Janda, et al.’s The Challenge of Democracy: “Chapter 4: Federalism” Wadsworth Cengage Learning: Janda, et al.’s The Challenge of Democracy: “Chapter 4: Federalism” (DOC)

 Instructions: Click on the student study guide section of the
website, and read the first four pages (33–37) for an introduction
to federalism.  

 Studying this chapter should take approximately 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government: Thomas L. Gais’ “Federalism during the Obama Administration” Link: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government: Thomas L. Gais’ “Federalism during the Obama Administration” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the article titled “Federalism during the Obama Administration,” and select the title to download the PDF.  Please study all of the slides in this presentation.

    Studying this material should take approximately 45 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.1 Basic Concepts and Structure   2.1.1.1 Jurisdictional Boundaries   - Reading: CRS Report for Congress: “Federalism, State Sovereignty, and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power” Link: CRS Report for Congress: “Federalism, State Sovereignty, and the Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, scroll down the
webpage to the title “Federalism, State Sovereignty and the
Constitution: Basis and Limits of Congressional Power, updated
February 1, 2008,” and click on the link to download the PDF.  Read
the full report, as it is essential to understanding lines of
authority and power in the U.S. federal system.  

 Reading this report should take approximately 1 hour and 30
minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: U.S. Department of State: “American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events” Link: U.S. Department of State: “American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please read this webpage in its entirety, and pay particular attention to the periods of federalism throughout the history of the U.S.

    Reading this material should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.1.2 The Structure of Government Agencies   - Reading: American Government and Politics in the Information Age: “Chapter 14: The Bureaucracy” Link: American Government and Politics in the Information Age: “Chapter 14: The Bureaucracy” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please visit section 14.1 and scroll down to the
types of federal agencies, beginning with the section “Cabinet Level
Departments.”  Read this section.  

 Reading this section should take approximately 20 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: The textbook above is released under a [Creative
Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) <span
style="color: rgb(35, 35, 35); font-family: Arial;">without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or
licensee.</span>
  • Reading: Shyam Sunder’s “The Structure of Organizations for Production of Public and Private Goods” Link: Shyam Sunder’s “The Structure of Organizations for Production of Public and Private Goods” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, scroll down to 2002 under “Presentations,” locate the lecture titled “The Structure of Organizations for Production of Public and Private Goods,” and select the link to download the PDF.  Read this manuscript in its entirety.  This reading offers useful comparisons of public and private organizations and the challenges of partnerships between them in the provision of services.

    Reading this manuscript should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.2 Federal-State Relations   - Reading: CQ Researcher: “States and Federalism: Is the Federal Government Usurping States’ Powers” Link: CQ Researcher: “States and Federalism: Is the Federal Government Usurping States’ Powers” (PDF)

 Instructions: Click on the first search result, “CQR States and
Federalism,” to download the PDF.  Health-care reform and
immigration are two policy areas that evoke strong opinions from a
variety of perspectives.  Please read the full report (24 pages),
which pertains to federal and state power and authority to address
these complex issues.  

 Reading this report should take approximately 1 hour and 30
minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Web Media: YouTube: Council on State Governments, Virtual Summit of the States: “The Future of Federalism: State/Federal Relations in an Era of Austerity” Link: YouTube: Council on State Governments, Virtual Summit of the States: “The Future of Federalism: State/Federal Relations in an Era of Austerity” (YouTube)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and watch this video, which addresses the challenges of policy and program implementation in times of austerity.

    Watching this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 2 hours.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.3 State-Local Relations   - Reading: Governing the States and Localities: Paul Posner’s “State Resistance: What Are the Forces behind the Contentious Fight to Redefine Federalism?” Link: Governing the States and Localities: Paul Posner’s “State Resistance: What Are the Forces behind the Contentious Fight to Redefine Federalism?” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read the article in its entirety to gain insight into
reasons for high-profile state resistance to recent federal
initiatives.  

 Reading this article should take approximately 15 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

2.2 Intergovernmental Relations   - Reading: Huntingdon College: Charles Walters and Walker Garrett’s “Lawrence O’Toole, Jr.: American IGR” Link: Huntingdon College: Charles Walters and Walker Garrett’s “Lawrence O’Toole, Jr.: American IGR” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the outline on Professor O’Toole’s
scholarship on American IGR and the outline “American
Intergovernmental Relations: An Overview.”  

 Studying this reading should take approximately 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Pixie Alexander’s “How Intergovernmental Relations Affect Public Policy” Link: Pixie Alexander’s “How Intergovernmental Relations Affect Public Policy” (HTML) 

    Instructions: Please read this webpage for a description of the distinction between federalism and intergovernmental relations.

    This reading should take approximately 15 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government: The Brookings Institution’s Intergovernmental Management for the 21st Century: Richard Nathan’s “Chapter 2: Updating Theories of American Federalism” Link: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government: The Brookings Institution’s Intergovernmental Management for the 21st Century: Richard Nathan’s “Chapter 2: Updating Theories of American Federalism” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select the link titled “Updating Theories of American Federalists” to download the PDF.  Please read Chapter 2 in its entirety (17 pages).

    Reading this chapter should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: National Academy of Public Administration: “Financing Governments in the 21st Century: Intergovernmental Collaboration Can Promote Fiscal and Economic Goals” Link: National Academy of Public Administration: “Financing Governments in the 21st Century: Intergovernmental Collaboration Can Promote Fiscal and Economic Goals” (PDF)

    Instructions: Click on “View Full Report” to download the PDF.  This report emphasizes the importance of intergovernmental cooperation and describes how changes in federal tax policy affect states and localities.  Please read pages 7–15 of the report.

    Reading this report should take approximately 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.