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POLSC241: Introduction to Public Administration

Unit 1: Introduction to Public Administration   Because public organizations use public resources to make decisions that affect society, several important questions emerge in determining how the will of the people should be converted into action.  One of the most important questions is: how should public organizations be structured to represent societal values and ensure democratic accountability?  A historical account of dominant eras in the field of public administration represents a progression of diverse perspectives.

Unit 1 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 20.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 1.1: 1.75 hours

☐    Subunit 1.2: 2.5 hours

☐    Subunit 1.3: 5.5 hours

☐    Introduction: 0.5 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 1.3.1: 1.5 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 1.3.2: 0.75 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 1.3.3: 2.75 hours

☐    Subunit 1.4: 3.5 hours

☐    Subunit 1.5: 7.25 hours 

Unit1 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to: - Define public administration. - Explain the differences between public, nonprofit, and private sector organizations. - Summarize the unique characteristics of public-sector organizations. - Identify and discuss important eras of public administration in the United States. - Compare and contrast the five E’s of public administration.

1.1 What Is Public Administration?   - Reading: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 1: An Introduction to Public Administration” Link: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 1: An Introduction to Public Administration” (PDF)

 Instructions:  Read Unit 1, pages 1–8.  

 This reading should take approximately 30 minutes.  

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  • Web Media: Wadsworth Cengage Learning: Janda, Berry, and Goldman’s The Challenge of Democracy: “Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy” Link: Wadsworth Cengage Learning: Janda, Berry, and Goldman’s The Challenge of Democracy: “Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy” (MP3)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and click the link “Listen to Chapter 13.”  Listen to Dr. Berry’s summary of bureaucracy, particularly the role of government and the reasons for the size of the federal government.
     
    Listening to this audio clip and pausing to take notes should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
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  • Web Media: YouTube: Professor Peter Bogason’s “Report on the Seminar Making Public Administration Theory Relevant” Link: YouTube: Professor Peter Bogason’s “Report on the Seminar Making Public Administration Theory Relevant” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Watch Professor Bogason’s presentation on the field of public administration.
     
    Watching this video should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: American Society for Public Administration’s “ASPA Video Part 1” and “ASPA Video Part 2” Link: YouTube: American Society for Public Administration’s “ASPA Video Part 1” (YouTube) and “ASPA Video Part 2” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: The American Society of Public Administration (ASPA) represents scholars and practitioners in the field.  Learn more about the ASPA by watching these two videos.
     
    Watching these videos and pausing to take notes should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

1.2 Eras of Public Administration   - Reading: Huntingdon College: Charles Walters’ “Stillman, Study of Administration in the U.S.” Link: Huntingdon College: Charles Walters’ “Stillman, Study of Administration in the U.S.” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please select the above link, and then choose the
link on the webpage titled, “Study of Administration in US.”  Read
the overview of the eras of public administration.  

 This reading should take approximately 15 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.2.1 Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Developing, Coordinating, Reporting, and Budgeting (POSDCORB) Orthodoxy   - Reading: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 2: Changing Nature of Public Administration” Link: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 2: Changing Nature of Public Administration” (PDF)

 Instructions:  Read pages 9–11.  

 Reading this material and taking notes should take approximately 15
minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.2.2 Social Science Heterodoxy   - Reading: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 2: Changing Nature of Public Administration” Link: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 2: Changing Nature of Public Administration” (PDF)

 Instructions:  Read pages 12–19.  

 Reading this material and taking notes should take approximately 45
minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.2.3 Reassertion of Democratic Idealism   - Reading: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 2: Changing Nature of Public Administration” Link: University of Mumbai’s “Unit 2: Changing Nature of Public Administration” (PDF)

 Instructions:  Read pages 19–23.  

 Reading and taking notes should take approximately 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
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1.2.4 The Refounding Movement   - Reading: Wikipedia’s “Refounding Public Administration” Link: Wikipedia’s “Refounding Public Administration” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read this
description of the refounding movement.  

 Reading this article should take approximately 5 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: The material above is released under a [Creative
Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).  You can find
the original Wikipedia version of this article
[here](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refounding_Public_Administration).
  • Reading: Dialogue: Charles T. Goodsell, John A. Rohr, Gary L. Wamsley, Orion F. White, and Jim F. Wolf’s “The Public Administration and the Governance Process: Refocusing the American Dialogue” Link: Dialogue: Charles T. Goodsell, John A. Rohr, Gary L. Wamsley, Orion F. White, and Jim F. Wolf’s “The Public Administration and the Governance Process: Refocusing the American Dialogue” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, then select the “click here” link to volume 6, scroll down to Number 2, and read the article in its entirety.

    Reading this article and taking notes should take approximately 45 minutes.

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1.3 The Five E’s of Public Administration   - Reading: U.S. Government Accountability Office: “The Need for Good Governance, Transparency, and Accountability” Link: U.S. Government Accountability Office: “The Need for Good Governance, Transparency, and Accountability” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the PDF on the GAO website to access
the presentation.  Three suggested areas of oversight are addressed:
targets for near-term oversight, policies and/or programs in need of
fundamental reform, and governance issues.  An underlying assumption
is that efficiency in the public sector occurs only through
accountability mechanisms.  

 Reading this material should take approximately 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.3.1 Efficiency, Economy, Effectiveness   - Reading: National Academy of Public Administration: “Implementing ‘Most Efficient Organizations’ in the Federal Government” Link: National Academy of Public Administration: “Implementing ‘Most Efficient Organizations’ in the Federal Government” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, select “Download Full
Report” to access the PDF on the website, and read the entire
report.  

 Reading this report should take approximately 1 hour and 30
minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.3.2 Ethics   - Reading: Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs: Steven Cohen and William B. Eimicke’s “Trends in 20th Century United States Government Ethics” Link: Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs: Steven Cohen and William B. Eimicke’s “Trends in 20th Century United States Government Ethics” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, scroll down to the
link titled “The Evolution of Ethics in Government during the 20th
Century” (located after the seventh paragraph) and click it to
access the PDF.  Please read Cohen and Eimicke’s manuscript on
public-service ethics throughout the various phases of public
administration.  

 Reading this manuscript should take approximately 45 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.3.3 Equity   - Reading: National Academy of Public Administration: “Standing Panel on Social Equity in Governance: Charter” Link: National Academy of Public Administration: “Standing Panel on Social Equity in Governance: Charter” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above and review the purpose
of the Standing Panel on Social Equity.  

 Studying this charter should take approximately 15 minutes.  

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  • Reading: Journal of Public Management & Social Policy: Blue Wooldridge’s “Protecting Equity While Reinventing Government: Strategies for Achieving a ‘Fair’ Distribution of the Costs and Benefits of the Public Sector” Link: Journal of Public Management & Social Policy: Blue Wooldridge’s “Protecting Equity While Reinventing Government: Strategies for Achieving a ‘Fair’ Distribution of the Costs and Benefits of the Public Sector” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above.  Scroll down to the first article under PADM 691 resources, click on the link to download the PDF and read the article in its entirety.  This article examines the winners and losers in public service delivery under recent reform efforts.  It considers who pays and who benefits, and whether public services are distributed in a fair and equitable manner under reform efforts.

    Reading this article should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: International City/County Management Association: “Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents – A Guide for Local Governments” Link: International City/County Management Association: “Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents – A Guide for Local Governments” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above and download the PDF version to read the entire guide.  This guide is a useful source to understand the application of social equity in public service.

    Studying this guide should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

1.4 Alternative Perspectives: The Potential for a Sixth E: Epistemic Pluralism   - Reading: David J. Farmer’s “Public Administration in Perspective: Epistemic Pluralism” Link: David J. Farmer’s “Public Administration in Perspective: Epistemic Pluralism” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, and select the PDF
labeled “Farmer2011PatNetKeynote.”  Read the entire text.  Dr.
Farmer provides numerous alternative ways of thinking about public
administration, particularly perspectives for interpreting language
and action.  What are the advantages of epistemic pluralism?  

 Readint this material should take approximately 1 hour.  

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  • Reading: University of Tennessee: J. David Edwards’ “Managerial Influences in Public Administration” Link: University of Tennessee: J. David Edwards’ “Managerial Influences in Public Administration” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read the paper in its entirety.  This paper offers a synopsis of managerial dominance within the field, as well as alternative theories that contribute to public administration.

    This reading should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.

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  • Reading: Administration & Society: Peter Bogason’s “Postmodernism and American Public Administration in the 1990s” Link: Administration & Society: Peter Bogason’s “Postmodernism and American Public Administration in the 1990s” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above and select the “Bogason.pdf” link to download the PDF.  Read the entire article for an excellent overview of alternative perspectives.

    Reading this article should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

1.5 A Blurring Distinction between Public, Nonprofit, and Private Sector Organizations   - Reading: National Academy of Public Administration: “Powering the Future: High Performance Partnerships” Link: National Academy of Public Administration: “Powering the Future: High Performance Partnerships” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click the link above, and then select the link
to view the PDF of the full report.  Read chapter 2, “Forces behind
Performance Based Partnerships” (pp. 23–30) for an explanation of
the increasing use of partnerships in public-service delivery, and
chapter 12, “Management Approaches” (pp. 131–133) for a comparison
of public and private sector approaches to management.  

 Reading this report should take approximately 45 minutes.  

 *Note: This report is also useful to reference when you advance to
Unit 4: Public Management and sub-subunit 6.1.2: Strategic
Planning.*  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: IBM Center for the Business of Government: Jane Fedorowicz and Steve Sawyer’s “Designing Collaborative Networks” Link: IBM Center for the Business of Government: Jane Fedorowicz and Steve Sawyer’s “Designing Collaborative Networks” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, select the “Designing Collaborative Networks.pdf” link to download the PDF and read the entire report.

    Reading this report should take approximately 1 hour.

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  • Reading: University of Michigan: Professor Neel Hajara’s “Lecture 25: Non-profits and Civil Society” Link: University of Michigan: Professor Neel Hajara’s “Lecture 25: Non-profits and Civil Society” (PDF or PPT)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, scroll down to Lecture 25, and select the link to the PowerPoint or PDF to open the presentation.  Please review the entire presentation.  Dr. Hajara provides an interesting model for the role of civil society in the public-private dichotomy.

    Reviewing this presentation should take approximately 2 hours.

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  • Reading: National Charrette Institute: “NIC Cross-Disciplinary Public Involvement Report” Link: National Charrette Institute: “NIC Cross-Disciplinary Public Involvement Report” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above, scroll down to the bottom of the webpage, and select “Click to download a PDF” to access the report.  Please read the entire report (63 pages plus optional Appendices).

    Reading this report should take approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.