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POLSC211: Introduction to International Relations

Unit 5: Weapons Proliferation and Arms Control   This unit will examine the increase of arms and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) following global instability and inequity of power in the international community. We will identify different types of WMD and consider various solutions to their threatening existence, such as arms controls and disarmament measures. We will highlight methods of controlling weapons proliferation and ensuring international cooperation as some of the top priorities in the global community.

Unit 5 Time Advisory
Completing this unit will take you approximately 12.5 hours.

☐    Subunit 5.1: 0.5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 12 hours ☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1: 7 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1.1: 0.5 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1.2: 3 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1.3: 1 hour

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1.4: 0.5 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1.5: 1 hour

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.1.6: 1 hour

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.2: 2 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 5.2.3: 3 hours

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
- discuss and explain the various analytical and theoretical positions used in the subfield of international relations to explain world politics; - describe specific issues that have relevance to the study of interstate relations, national security, war, economic integration, trade, and so forth; - discuss the nature and development of international organizations; and - identify and discuss major issues associated with international law and morality.

5.1 Conventional Arms Control   - Reading: North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s “Conventional Arms Control: The Way Ahead” Link: North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s Conventional Arms Control: The Way Ahead (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the article from NATO written in 1988 to understand how NATO viewed arms control before the end of the Cold War. The topic of conventional arms control will also be covered in the following section on nuclear arms control.
 
Terms of Use: This material was produced by NATO and has been released for use by the press, academia, non-profit organizations and the general public with attribution and for non-commercial use.  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.
 

5.2 Weapons of Mass Destruction   5.2.1 Nuclear   5.2.1.1 Limited Test Ban Treaty   - Reading: The U.S. State Department’s “Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water” Link: The U.S. State Department’s Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the State Department’s article on the Limited Test Ban Treaty. 
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

5.2.1.2 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty   - Reading: Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization’s “Nuclear Testing” and “The Treaty” Links: Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization’s Nuclear Testing (HTML) and The Treaty (HTML)
 
Instructions: Familiarize yourself with all aspects of nuclear testing by reading all the items on the “Nuclear Testing” section, including “History of Nuclear Testing,” “Types of Nuclear Weapons,” “The Effects of Nuclear Testing,” and “Infamous Anniversaries.”  On “The Treaty” page, read all parts of Section 5 “1993-1996: Treaty negotiations” and all parts of Section 6 “Developments after 1996.”  Use the hyperlinks on each page to redirect to text and other media, such as maps and videos. This is a very cool site and you are encouraged to spend time enjoying it!
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

5.2.1.3 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty   - Reading: Nuclear Threat Initiative’s “NPT Tutorial” and Stanford University: Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei’s “In Search of Security: Finding an Alternative to Nuclear Deterrence” Lecture Links: Nuclear Threat Initiative’s NPT Tutorial (HTML) and Stanford University: Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei’s In Search of Security: Finding an Alternative to Nuclear Deterrence Lecture (PDF)
 
Instructions: First, open and read the Nuclear Threat Initiative's page on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Then, to access the text of Dr. ElBaradei’s lecture, click on the above link, then click on the link labeled “Script” next to the PDF icon to download the file. Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei is former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is the verification vehicle for the NPT.
 
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5.2.1.4 Security Assurances   - Reading: Arms Control Association’s “U.S. ‘Negative Security Assurances’ at a Glance” and Realclearpolitics.com: Richard Halloran’s “Nuclear Umbrella” Links: Arms Control Association: U.S. ‘Negative Security Assurances’ at a Glance (HTML) and Realclearpolitics.com: Richard Halloran’s Nuclear Umbrella (HTML)
 
Instructions: Learn more about positive and negative security assurances by reading both articles.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above. 

5.2.1.5 Nuclear Technology and Proliferation   - Lecture: iTunes U: Stanford University: “Nuclear Power without Nuclear Proliferation” Link: iTunes U: Stanford University: Nuclear Power without Nuclear Proliferation (iTunes U)
 
Instructions: Select “View in iTunes” for track 61 to launch the video. Listen to this lecture with some of the leading scholars and policymakers on nuclear proliferation.

 Listening to this lecture should tak approximately 45 minutes.   
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

5.2.1.6 International Atomic Energy Agency   - Reading: International Atomic Energy Agency’s “The ‘Atoms for Peace’ Agency” and Yale University’s Yale Global Online: President Ernesto Zedillo’s “Time to Strengthen the IAEA” Links: International Atomic Energy Agency’s The ‘Atoms for Peace’ Agency (HTML) and Yale University’s Yale Global Online: President Ernesto Zedillo’s Time to Strengthen the IAEA (HTML)
 
Instructions: First, read about the IAEA’s mission and history by reading and exploring the webpage linked above. In particular, look for and watch several of the videos on the site. Be sure to click on “History” to learn a little bit more about the history of the IAEA, going back to 1957.  It is also recommended that you look at the Timeline link in the upper right hand corner of that page. Then, read the article by former Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo on reforming the IAEA. 
 
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5.2.2 Biological   - Web Media: PBS’s “WMD: A Primer: Biological Weapons” Link: PBS’s WMD: A Primer: Biological Weapons (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the brief background information on Biological Weapons on the PBS website, then click through each of the different types of biological weapons listed under “Biological Weapons” to learn more about them.  Then, click on “Proliferation” on the left-hand navigation bar, to view a map of countries suspected of conducting biological weapons research or possessing biological weapons.
 
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  • Reading: Arms Control Association’s “The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) at a Glance” and Arms Control Association: Jonathan B. Tucker’s “Seeking Biosecurity without Verification: The New U.S. Strategy on Biothreats” Links: Arms Control Association’s The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) at a Glance (HTML) and Arms Control Association: Jonathan B. Tucker’s Seeking Biosecurity without Verification: The New U.S. Strategy on Biothreats (HTML)
     
    Instructions: First read the fact sheet on the Biological Weapons Convention from the Arms Control Association. Then, read Tucker’s current events article on the U.S. position regarding verification of the Biological Weapons Convention.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above. 

5.2.3 Chemical   - Web Media: PBS’s “WMD: A Primer: Chemical Weapons” Link: PBS’s WMD: A Primer: Chemical Weapons (HTML)

 Instructions: Read the brief background information on Chemical
Weapons on the PBS website, then click through each of the different
types of chemical weapons (listed horizontally under “Chemical
Weapons”) to learn more about them.  Then, click on “Proliferation”
on the left-hand navigation bar, to view a map of countries
suspected of conducting chemical weapons research or possessing
chemical weapons.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Arms Control Association’s “The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) at a Glance” and The New Atlantis: Jonathan B. Tucker’s “The Future of Chemical Weapons” Links: Arms Control Association’s The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) at a Glance (HTML) and The New Atlantis: Jonathan B. Tucker’s The Future of Chemical Weapons (HTML or PDF)

    Instructions: First read the fact sheet on the Chemical Weapons Convention from the Arms Control Association. Then, read Tucker’s article about current issues surrounding chemical weapons.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.