Course Syllabus for "ME202: Mechanics II - Dynamics"
Dynamics is a sub-branch of the general field of study known as Mechanics. It is very closely related to—and often combined with—the study of Statics, which you encountered in ME102: Mechanics I. In both Statics and Dynamics, we use Newton’s 2nd Law: F = ma. In Statics, the sum of the applied forces is always zero, thus making the acceleration zero. This was very important to the structures studied in Statics. Catastrophe generally results when structures (like bridges and buildings) accelerate. Very likely you are quite pleased—even if you do not realize it every time—when you cross a bridge that does not accelerate while you are on it, and we have Newton’s First Law to thank for it. Newton’s First Law states that objects will continue to do what they are doing unless unbalanced forces make them do otherwise. This law includes the law equilibrium condition that the moments will also sum to zero, and that there will thus be no rotational acceleration. In Dynamics, the sum of the forces will not necessarily be zero (if it is zero, then the sum of the moments is not). We will thus study accelerated motion. As with PHYS101: Introduction to Mechanics, we will begin this course by studying the accelerated motion of particles (also known as the Kinematics of Particles). We will only look at what an object is doing (the position, velocity, acceleration)—not why it might be doing that. In Unit 2, we will take a look at the Kinetics of Particles, or the study of the why of Kinematics. We will want to know how to change the velocity of a particle in order to learn what causes accelerations. We will then take a step towards the more realistic by considering the size, shape, and orientation of objects as they accelerate. We term this type of motion “Rigid Body Motion.” We begin, in Unit 3, with the Kinematics of Rigid Bodies, looking first at the rotational motion of objects. We will then introduce the possibility that objects can move (and accelerate) translationally and rotationally at the same time. In Unit 4, we will look at sample problems that will help you understand the concepts learned in Unit 1, Unit 2, and Unit 3. Next, in Unit 5, we study the Kinematics of such motion. In Unit 6, we will look at many of the principles we learned in the first few units-this time, in three-dimensions. We will begin with the three-dimensional Kinematics of a Rigid Body and then finish with three-dimensional Kinetics. We will complete our study of Dynamics with Unit 7, a look at Vibrational Motion, or what happens when objects oscillate about a neutral state. In Unit 4, we will look at sample problems that will help you understand the concepts learned in Unit 5, Unit 6, and Unit 7.
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Formulate rectilinear and curvilinear motion in one-dimension.
- Solve projectile motion problems.
- Identify and solve problems with normal, tangential, and cylindrical components for curvilinear motion in one-dimension.
- Formulate relative motion of two particles and relative motion using translating axes for particles in one-dimension.
- Identify Newton’s second law.
- Identify equations of motion for a system of particles in one-dimension.
- Identify equations of motion in rectangular, normal, tangential, and cylindrical components in one-dimension.
- Identify orbital motion and space mechanics.
- Solve work, energy, power, and efficiency for particles and systems of particles in one-dimension.
- Identify energy, potential energy, and conservation of energy for particles and systems of particles in one-dimension.
- Identify impulse, momentum, and conservation of momentum for particles and systems of particles in one-dimension.
- Identify angular momentum, angular impulse, and impact for particles and systems of particles in one-dimension.
- Identify translation and rotation of rigid bodies in two-dimensions.
- Identify absolute and relative motion analysis in two-dimensions.
- Identify Instantaneous Center of Zero Velocity.
- Identify acceleration and rotating axes in two-dimensions.
- Formulate Moment of Inertia for Rigid bodies.
- Identify planar kinetic equations of motion, translation, rotation, and general plane motion for rigid bodies.
- Identify work, energy, and kinetic energy for rigid bodies.
- Compute work done by a force and work done by a couple for rigid bodies.
- Identify work and energy principles and conservation of energy for rigid bodies.
- Identify impulse, momentum, and conservation of momentum for a system of particles.
- Identify impact and eccentric impact for a system of particles.
- Identify kinematics of rigid bodies in three-dimensions.
- Identify general motion and relative motion in three-dimension.
- Identify angular motion and kinetic energy in three-dimension.
- Identify undamped free and force vibrations.
- Identify viscous damped free and forced vibrations.
In order to take this course, you must:
√ Have access to a computer.
√ Have continuous broadband Internet access.
√ Have the ability/permission to install plug-ins or software (e.g. Adobe Reader or Flash).
√ Have Internet explorer.
√ Have the ability to download and save files and documents to a computer.
√ Have the ability to open Microsoft files and documents (.doc, .ppt, .xls, etc.).
√ Be competent in the English language.
√ Have read the Saylor Student Handbook.
√ Have completed the following required science course for the mechanical engineering discipline: ME005/PHYS101
Welcome to ME202: Mechanics II - Dynamics. General information about the
course and its requirements can be found below.
Course Designer: Ron Agarwala and Dr. Kenneth S. Manning, Ph.D.
Primary Resources: This course is comprised of a range of different free, online materials. However, the course makes primary use of the following:
- University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Dr. M. Negahban’s “Engineering Dynamics Notes”
- Utah State University: Dr. Urroz’s “Dynamics Lectures”
- MIT OpenCourseWare: Dr. Widnall’s “Dynamics Lectures”
- YouTube: The Saylor Foundation: Ken Manning’s “Video Lectures”
- Real-world-physics-problems.com: “Dynamics Notes”
Requirements for Completion: The course requires that you read all
assigned lecture materials and watch all related web media. Pay
attention to example problems and how the theory is applied to
You need to obtain 70% or above in the final exam to “pass” the course. You will be notified of your grade immediately upon taking and submitting the final exam. If you do not pass the exam, you may take it again.
Time Commitment: This course should take you a total of 95 1/2 hours to complete. The course also contains unit and subunit time advisories. Please plan your time effectively.