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K12ELA011: English Language Arts 11

Unit 4: Embracing Freedom: The Transcendentalists   If Cooper, Irving, and Bryant set out to establish a national literary identity, Emerson and Thoreau were determined to revolutionize it. These two literary giants were enlightened, educated men with the intellectual prowess to tackle life’s big questions head on: Who are we? Why are we here? Who (or what) is God? Challenging their Puritan roots, these authors and others who followed in their footsteps sought to redefine spirituality in America, and some would say they were successful. In this unit, you will have a front - row seat as we watch the literary landscape in America change before our very eyes. 

Unit 4 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 20 hours and 45 minutes to complete.

☐    Subunit 4.1: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 4.2: 1 hour and 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 4.3: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 4.4: 16 hours and 30 minutes

        ☐    Subunit 4.4.1: 15 hours

        ☐    Subunit 4.4.2: 1 hour and 15 minutes

Unit4 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
- Identify the predominant themes of transcendentalist literature.
  - Use context to define new terms.
  - Paraphrase challenging text.
  - Locate supporting evidence in a text.
  - Write a sound literary analysis.
  - Identify different forms of poetry including elegy and epic poem.
  - Identify and analyze the use of figurative language in poetry.
  - Analyze the progression of ideas and themes in a formal essay.
  - Identify and analyze modern - day implications of the essay “Civil Disobedience”. 
  - Evaluate the effectiveness of an essay.

 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):
- CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.1 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.2 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.3 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.4 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.5 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.6 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.9 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 - 12.10 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.1 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.2 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.3 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.4 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.5 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.6 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.7 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 - 12.10 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.W.11 - 12.1 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.W.11 - 12.2 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.W.11 - 12.4 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.L.11 - 12.1 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.L.11 - 12.2 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.L.11 - 12.3 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.L.11 - 12.4 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.L.11 - 12.5 - CCSS.ELA - Literacy.L.11 - 12.6

4.1 Transcendental Movement and Literature   In this unit, you will examine how Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman revolutionized the national literary identity. Their works depart from the staunch Puritan mindset and establish transcendentalism as the nation’s first American philosophical and literary movement. Whole - hearted optimism, the inherent good of the individual, the corrupting influence of organized religion, and the celebration of nature are some of the transcendentalist themes that you will explore in this unit.

  • Explanation: US Department of State: Kathryn VanSpanckeren’s Outline of American Literature: “The Romantic Period, 1820 - 1860: Essayists and Poets” Link: US Department of State: Kathryn VanSpanckeren’s Outline of American Literature: “The Romantic Period, 1820 - 1860: Essayists and Poets”

    Instructions: Read the first two sections of the article, stopping before the entry on Ralph Waldo Emerson. Take notes on the catalysts of the romantic and transcendentalist movements and their characteristics.
     
    Reading this selection and taking notes should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.2 Ralph Waldo Emerson   - Reading: Project Gutenberg: Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Essays, First Series: “Self Reliance”and LibriVox: Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “Essays, First Series (version 2)” Link: Project Gutenberg: Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Essays, First Series: “Self Reliance” and LibriVox: Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Essays, First Series (version 2)”
 
Instructions: You may click on the first link to read or the second link to listen. If you choose to listen, you may click on the second link, and choose the preferred audio download. You may also choose to read along with the audio. Either way scroll down to the second essay entitled “Self Reliance.”
 
Reading and listening to this essay should take approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/10)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Explanation: US Department of State: Kathryn VanSpanckeren’s Outline of American Literature: “Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 - 1882)” Link: US Department of State: Kathryn VanSpanckeren’s Outline of American Literature: “Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 - 1882)”

    Instructions: Scroll down to the entry on Ralph Waldo Emerson. As you read, take notes on Emerson’s key beliefs, why they were so controversial, and how they were a reflection of the transcendentalist movement.
     
    Reading this selection and taking notes should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.3 Walt Whitman   - Explanation: Great Writers Inspire: Charlotte Barrett’s “Walt Whitman” Link: Great Writers Inspire: Charlotte Barrett’s “Walt Whitman”

 Instructions: Read this brief biography of Walt Whitman. Take notes
on the notable events in the author’s life and literary career.  
    
 Reading this selection and taking notes should take approximately
15 minutes.  
    
 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):  

-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/10)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Activity: EDSITEment!: “Introduction to Walt Whitman’s Notebooks and Poetry: The Sweep of the Universe” Link: EDSITEment!: “Introduction to Walt Whitman’s Notebooks and Poetry: The Sweep of the Universe”

    Instructions: Read the first two sentences of the introduction to the lesson plan. Then, write a brief summary of Whitman’s evaluation of American literature during his time as well as his own literary goals.
     
    Reading this selection and completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Project Gutenberg: Walt Whitman’s “A Noiseless Patient Spider” Link: Project Gutenberg: Walt Whitman’s “A Noiseless Patient Spider”

    Instructions: Read the poem.
     
    Reading this poem should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: LibriVox: Walt Whitman’s “A Noiseless Patient Spider” Link: LibriVox: Walt Whitman’s “A Noiseless Patient Spider”
     
    Instructions: Scroll down to “Version 1” of the audio of the poem, and open the file you prefer. Listen to the reading of the poem.
     
    Listening to this poem should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Activity: EDSITEment!: “Activity 1 - Small in Theme . . . Universal in Sweep” Link: EDSITEment!: “Activity 1 - Small in Theme . . . Universal in Sweep”

    Instructions: Scroll down to “Activity 1.” Read the first paragraph of the activity to learn more about Whitman’s intentions in writing the poem. Now, go back to the text of “A Noiseless Patient Spider” and read the poem again. Does this information change your perception of the poem?
     
    Completing this activity should take approximately 15 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Explanation: OHSU Teacher’s “Analysis of ‘A Noiseless Patient Spider’” Link: OHSU Teacher’s “Analysis of ‘A Noiseless Patient Spider’”

    Instructions: Watch the video analysis of the poem. As you watch the first time, pay particular attention to the speaker’s references to the following elements of poetry: theme, free verse, repetition, alliteration, metaphor, and personification.
     
    Watch the video a second time, this time pausing to take notes on each of these elements of poetry. Your notes should include a definition of the element as well as a brief explanation of how that element helps shape the meaning of the poem.
     
    Watching this video and taking notes should take approximately 30 minutes.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.4 Henry David Thoreau   - Explanation: US Department of State: Kathryn VanSpanckeren’s Outline of American Literature: “Henry David Thoreau (1817 - 1862)” Link: US Department of State: Kathryn VanSpanckeren’s Outline of American Literature: “Henry David Thoreau (1817 - 1862)”

 Instructions: Scroll down to read the entry on Henry David Thoreau.
As you read, take notes on Thoreau’s principle values as well as the
characteristics of his most notable work, *Walden*.  
    
 Reading this selection and taking notes should take approximately
15 minutes.  
    
 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):  

-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/10)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.4.1 Henry David Thoreau’s *Walden*   - Reading: Project Gutenberg: Henry David Thoreau’s Walden and LibriVox: Henry David Thoreau’s *Walden* Link: Project Gutenberg: Henry David Thoreau’s Walden and LibriVox: Henry David Thoreau’s Walden
 
Instructions: You may click on the first link to read or the second link to listen. If you choose to listen, you may click on the second link, and choose the preferred audio download. You may also choose to read along with the audio.
 
Reading this book should take approximately 14 hours and 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 -
    12.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/11-12/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 -
    12.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/11-12/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 -
    12.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/11-12/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 -
    12.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/11-12/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RL.11 -
    12.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/11-12/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.SL.11 -
    12.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/11-12/2)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.4.2 Henry David Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience”   - Reading: EDSITEment!: “Launchpad: Henry David Thoreau’s Essay ‘Civil Disobedience’” Link: EDSITEment!: “Launchpad: Henry David Thoreau’s Essay ‘Civil Disobedience’”

 Instructions: Read the first three paragraphs on the page to gain
an understanding of Thoreau’s political views. Answer the questions
posed in the fourth paragraph. Then, read the three bullet points
following these questions. Stop before you get to the section
entitled “Government is at Best an Expedient.”  
    
 Reading this selection and answering the questions should take
approximately 15 minutes.  
    
 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):  

-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA - Literacy.RI.11 -
    12.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/11-12/10)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Activity: EDSITEment!: “Launchpad: Henry David Thoreau’s Essay ‘Civil Disobedience’” Link: EDSITEment!: “Launchpad: Henry David Thoreau’s Essay ‘Civil Disobedience’”

    Instructions: Scroll down to “Government is at Best an Expedient” and read this and all of the sections that follow. Each section contains an excerpt from “Civil Disobedience” and a set of bulleted questions. Make sure to read carefully and answer all of the questions, referring back to what you have read.
     
    Reading these excerpts and answering the questions should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.