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K12ELA008: English Language Arts 8

Unit 5: Oral Traditions   This unit focuses on stories that evolved from storytelling traditions, exposing you to classic tales that have inspired many of the modern works we enjoy today. You will end the unit with a piece of creative writing, which will provide you with a little more freedom and flexibility than previous assignments. Folk and fairy tales are typically a good place to find figurative language, which is also an important part of this unit.

Unit 5 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 15 hours and 15 minutes to complete.
 
☐    Subunit 5.1: 11 hours ☐    Subunit 5.1.1: 5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.1.2: 6 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 1 hour and 10 minutes ☐    Subunit 5.2.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 5.2.2: 10 minutes

☐    Subunit 5.3: 1 hour and 5 minutes ☐    Subunit 5.3.1: 20 minutes

☐    Subunit 5.3.2: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 5.4: 45 minutes ☐    Subunit 5.4.1: 25 minutes

☐    Subunit 5.4.2: 20 minutes

☐    Subunit 5.5: 1 hour and 15 minutes ☐    Subunit 5.5.1: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 5.5.2: 30 minutes

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - Show an understanding of different types of fairy tales and folk tales. - Write an original fairy or folk tale, following the conventions of the genre. - Compare the written version of a tale to an audio or visual representation. - Classify types of nonliteral language.

Standards Addressed (Common Core): - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.8.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.8.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.6

5.1 Reading Literature: Grimms’ Fairy Tales and *The Arabian Nights*   You will take a literary journey in this subunit by reading from two notable works of literature. Grimms’ Fairy Tales, whose influence began in Germany during the early 1800s, still makes for exciting reading today. The Arabian Nights is a collection of stories gathered over several centuries from Asia and Africa. Many of its stories have worked their way into popular culture. It is also a great example of a “frame” story, also called a “story within a story.”

5.1.1 Reading *Grimms’ Fairy Tales*   5.1.1.1 Reading Comprehension   - Explanation: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Grimms’ Fairy Tales Presentation: Part 1” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s Grimms’ Fairy Tales Presentation: Part 1” (PPT)
 
Instructions: This presentation contains specific directions about which tales you should read. There are over 60 tales. You may read them all, but if you are unable, there are a dozen selected titles for you to focus on. When you are done reading, review the slides, which provide a review of previous skills as well as activities.
 
It should take approximately 4 hours and 30 minutes to complete this activity, based on the 12 suggested titles. Each tale should take 15 minutes to read and 30 minutes for the corresponding activity. It might be helpful to break this assignment up into smaller chunks.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/6)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Project Gutenberg: The Brothers Grimm’s *Grimms’ Fairy Tales* Link: Project Gutenberg: The Brothers Grimm’s Grimms’ Fairy Tales (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Click on the link above and view your options for reading Grimms’ Fairy Tales. Your choices will include versions for different e-readers as well as text files. You should read the text as instructed in the following activities. Before you begin, you should decide how you are going to divide the reading. You can work in blocks of time, for example, you may want to read for 30 to 45 minutes at a time. Or you can decide to read a certain number of tales in each of your reading sessions.
     
    It should take approximately 5 hours to read the text. 
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage

5.1.1.2 Literary Analysis   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Grimms’ Fairy Tales Presentation: Part 2” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s Grimms’ Fairy Tales Presentation: Part 2” (PPT)
 
Instructions: Read through the slides and prepare your materials. This activity focuses on looking more closely at the tales and using your literary analysis skills.
 
It should take approximately 30 minutes to complete this activity.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/6)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
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5.1.2 Reading *The Arabian Nights*   5.1.2.1 Understanding the Frame Story   - Explanation: SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Frame Story” Link: SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Frame Story” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the information provided by the tutorial. Pay particular attention to the examples using The Arabian Nights. These examples will help you understand the structure of the collection. This tutorial should be completed before you read The Arabian Nights.
 
It should take approximately 15 minutes to read the material.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/6)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Books Should Be Free: *The Arabian Nights* Link: Books Should Be Free: The Arabian Nights (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Click on the link and view your options for reading The Arabian Nights. Your choices will include versions for different e-readers as well as text files you can read on your computer. Since an audio version is available, you may use that option as well. Before you begin, you should decide how you are going todivide the reading. You can work in blocks of time, for example, you may want to read for 30 to 45 minutes at a time. Or you can decide to read a certain number of tales in each of your reading sessions.
     
    It should take approximately 5 hours to read the text.
     
    Standards Addressed (Common Core):

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.1.2.2 Literary Analysis   - Web Media: SOPHIA: Nichole Carter’s “Responding to Literature” Link: SOPHIA: Nichole Carter’s “Responding to Literature” (HTML) (YouTube) (PPT)
 
Instructions: Disregard the instructions from the teacher who created the tutorial. You have two choices: watch the video or read the six slides. The content is the same in both presentations. If you feel it would help you to take notes, please do so in your notebook. You may also refer back to the tutorial on an as-needed basis. Choose ONE tale from The Arabian Nights. Ideally you should choose one that you especially enjoyed. Identify the theme of the tale, and write a paragraph about it, following the guidelines in the presentation.

 It should take approximately 45 minutes to study the tutorial,
select a tale, and write your response.  

 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/2)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

5.2 Writing   This subunit will give you a chance to do some creative writing. You will return to some of the ideas from earlier in the course. Specifically, you will need to generate possible ideas for a short story. After you have selected an idea, you will use the remaining steps of the writing process to develop an original short story.

5.2.1 Writing an Original Literary Text   - Explanation: SOPHIA: Kristina Blasen’s “Paper Writing-Creative Writing Link: SOPHIA: Kristina Blasen’s “Paper Writing-Creative Writing” (HTML)
 
Instructions: This tutorial addresses different types of creative writing, including memoir and creative nonfiction. It includes great examples to help you get an idea of what each creative genre looks like. After you have read through all the information, complete the creative writing exercise in your notebook. You can either write from your own experiences or fictionalize an experience. The content you develop for this exercise will be used later in the unit as part of a multimedia presentation.
 
It should take approximately 1 hour to read through the material and complete the exercise.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/8/4)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

5.2.2 The Steps of the Writing Process   - Explanation: Prezi: Tracy Derrell’s “The Writing Process: A Brief Review” Link: Prezi: Tracy Derrell’s “The Writing Process: A Brief Review” (Flash)
 
Instructions: This is the tutorial you reviewed during the first unit. It will serve as a good refresher. When you review it this time, think about how the process will look for writing a creative text as opposed to the other texts you have written.
 
It should take approximately 10 minutes to view this tutorial.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/8/3)

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5.3 Speaking and Listening   This subunit will extend some of what you learned during the previous parts of Unit 5. You are going to create a multimedia presentation of a family story. You will also learn about storytelling, which requires a great story as well as presentation skills. 

5.3.1 Storytelling Basics   - Web Media: Daniel Meadow’s “The Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling” Link: Daniel Meadow’s “The Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling” (Flash)

 Instructions: This six-minute video shows how images can help
enhance stories. Watch the video, then write a short reaction in
your notebook. Do you agree or disagree with the content of the
video? How does your perspective differ from his, since he grew up
before the age of personal computers? It should take another fifteen
minutes to compose your reaction.  
    
 It should take approximately 20 minutes to watch the video and
write your reaction.  
    
 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.8.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/8/2)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

5.3.2 Creating an Audio/Multimedia Retelling   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Creating a Multimedia Retelling” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Creating a Multimedia Retelling” (PDF)
 
Instructions:  Think about experiences your family has lived through that you'd like to share with others. All families have their share of funny, moving, and tragic stories. What kind of story will you tell about your family? If you need some direction, try doing some freewriting, which may help stir up some memories and ideas. This document provides four platforms for creating your interactive story. Choose the one you think will help you best tell your story. The length of time for this activity will vary depending on how creative you wish to be.
 
It should take approximately 45 minutes to create your presentation.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.8.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/8/5)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

5.4 Language   In this subunit we will discuss figurative language. Though figurative language is featured most prominently in poetry, authors also use it in nonfiction and fiction to enliven their words. Therefore, readers need strategies to help them determine how to comprehend different types of figurative language.

5.4.1 Figures of Speech   - Explanation: SOPHIA: Jodi Owens-Kristenson’s “Word Learning Strategies: Understanding Figurative Language” Link: SOPHIA: Jodi Owens-Kristenson’s “Word Learning Strategies: Understanding Figurative Language” (HTML) (Flash)
 
Instructions: Read the directions for the tutorial. They will ask you to take some notes and create your own original examples. Have a pen and notebook ready. When you are ready, view the tutorial.
 
It should take approximately 25 minutes to view the tutorial and complete the rest of the task.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/8/5)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
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5.4.2 Connotation and Denotation   - Explanation: SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Connotation & Denotation” Link: SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Connotation & Denotation” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Understanding the difference between connotation and denotation is an important language skill. This tutorial addresses the differences between connotation and denotation and illustrates the concepts with examples. When you are finished, think of three to five more words with similar denotations but different connotations.
 
It should take approximately 20 minutes to complete the tutorial and generate the additional examples.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.8.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/8/5)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

5.5 Assessments   This subunit contains some assessment tools to help you evaluate and monitor your learning. You are going to revisit Grimms’ Fairy Tales and The Arabian Nights, and write some short essay responses. In the second part, you will write short responses to some questions related to speaking, listening, and language.

5.5.1 Reading and Writing   - Checkpoint: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Reading and Writing” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Reading and Writing” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Click on the link above to complete the assessment. It is designed to test your understanding of the skills and concepts in Unit 5. Complete your responses in your notebook. Each response should be about a page long and incorporate details from the text to support your ideas. To check your answers, click here.
 
It should take approximately 45 minutes to complete these tasks.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/8/2)

Terms of Use: Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms
of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.5.2 Speaking, Listening, and Language   - Checkpoint: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Speaking, Listening, and Language” Link: The Saylor Foundation: Tracy Derrell’s “Speaking, Listening, and Language” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Click on the link above to complete the assessment. It is designed to test your understanding of the skills and concepts in Unit 5. There are five questions, and each one should be answered in a minimum of two sentences. To check your answers, click here.
 
It should take approximately 30 minutes to write your responses to the questions.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/8/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/8/6)

Terms of Use: Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms
of use displayed on the webpage above.

Extension Resources   If any of the readings in this unit have inspired you to learn more, the following list will help you. It contains books and other resources you can use for further study. You will most likely be able to find many of these items in your local public library. 

  • Reading: The People Could Fly: American Black Folktales by Virginia Hamilton This is a companion to Many Thousand Gone: African Americans from Slavery to Freedom (see Unit 3). The People Could Fly is a collection of Hamilton’s retelling of 24 folk tales that were part of the African American oral tradition. It includes 40 illustrations by Leo and Diane Dillon. 

  • Reading: Tales of a Chinese Grandmother: 30 Traditional Tales from China by Frances Carpenter These folk tales share the details of several Chinese traditions and aspects of the culture. Though written for a slightly younger audience, these stories are nonetheless engaging and fascinating.

  • Reading: The Jack Tales by Richard Chase Many people are unaware that “Jack and the Beanstalk” is but one story featuring the mischievous Jack. Stories about Jack are an important part of the Appalachian oral tradition, which has its roots in the mountainous region covering West Virginia and parts of Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, and Tennessee. 

Final Exam   - Final Exam: The Saylor Foundation's “K12ELA008 Final Exam”

Link: The Saylor Foundation's [“K12ELA008 Final
Exam”](http://school.saylor.org/mod/quiz/view.php?id=1837) (HTML)

 

Instructions: You must be logged into your Saylor Foundation School
account in order to access this exam. If you do not yet have an
account, you will be able to create one, free of charge, after
clicking the link.