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K12ELA007: English Language Arts 7

Unit 8: Research Writing   This unit is an introduction to research writing. You will review a model paper for organization and strengths. You will also learn about plagiarism and how to avoid it. While becoming an expert on the research writing process, you will find and cite appropriate sources, take notes, and create an outline. You will use the skills you have gained in this unit to write about a topic of your choice, preferably something that you find interesting. 

Unit 8 Time Advisory
Completing this unit should take approximately 14 hours and 30 minutes.

☐    Subunit 8.1: 1 hour and 15 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2: 13 hours

☐    Subunit 8.2.1: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.2: 3 hours and 15 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.3: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 8.2.4: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.5: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 8.2.6: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.7: 1 hour and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.8: 1 hour and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.9: 1 hour and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.10: 1 hour and 15 minutes

☐    Subunit 8.2.11: 30 minutes

Unit8 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to: - Describe the structure of a research paper and identify necessary elements. - Identify appropriate research sources. - Choose effective search terms to conduct research. - Take comprehensive notes and organize information in a cohesive manner. - Outline ideas for a rough draft. - Define plagiarism and discuss how to avoid it. - Cite sources correctly. - Paraphrase information from sources. - Write a clear thesis and support it with details. - Complete a short research paper that is well organized, easy to follow, and well written. 

Standards Addressed (Common Core): - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.8 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.9 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5

8.1 Introduction to Research Writing: Problem and Solution   This subunit will introduce you to the research writing process, including the purposes of research papers. You will also review a sample research paper to see how it is fact-based and organized. This information will help prepare you for writing your own research paper later in the unit. 

8.1.1 Research Writing Purposes   - Explanation: Perkiomen School Library Services: “Starting a Research Paper” Link: Perkiomen School Library Services: “Starting a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the information on the purposes and components of research papers, taking notes in your notebook on the main components. When finished, make a list of at least five topics that you personally find interesting (e.g., duck-billed platypus, Babe Ruth, the Civil War). You will return to this list later.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/). 

8.1.2 Model Paper and Analysis   - Activity: Highland Middle School’s Highland LA: “Sample Research Paper” Link: Highland Middle School’s Highland LA: “Sample Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: On this webpage, open either of the two links given. Read the sample research paper twice. In your notebook, write down five strengths that you found in the paper and then write down a few areas that need improvement.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/). 

8.2 Writing the Research Paper   In this subunit, you will write your own research paper, starting with selecting your topic and ending with assessing your revised paper. The following sections will lead you through the entire process, one step at a time. 

8.2.1 Choosing a Topic   - Explanation: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” Link: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: To begin, you will need to choose your topic. Read the sections titled “Topic Selection” and “Focus Question.” When you get to the questions, click on your response choice for each and you will receive a message stating whether it is correct. Return to your earlier list of interests from Subunit 8.1.1 and choose one of them. Narrow your topic so that it is more specific and write down a focus question that you will later answer.
 
Reading these sections should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/).

8.2.2 Conducting Preliminary Research   Now that you have a specific topic that you would like to learn more about, you will start doing some research. However, not all sources are considered to be reputable or appropriate for academic writing. The following sections will help you get started on choosing good sources and taking notes. 

8.2.2.1 Choosing Appropriate Sources   - Explanation: Liceo Research Methods and Senior Thesis: “Academic Sources” Link: Liceo Research Methods and Senior Thesis: “Academic Sources” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the information on how to select appropriate sources for research papers. Write down a list of sources that would work for your specific topic, based on the information that you read. Check out some of the links included on the webpage and save the ones that will be useful for your own research.
 
Reading this article and completing the activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/). 

8.2.2.2 Search Terms   - Explanation: Boundless: Writing: “Chapter 2, Section 3, Part 3: Choosing Search Terms for Sources” Link: Boundless: Writing: “Chapter 2, Section 3, Part 3: Choosing Search Terms for Sources” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the information on how to choose appropriate search terms for research papers. Come up with a list of three search terms and start looking for sources online. Review at least 10 sources and choose 3 that you can use for your research paper. Save the three sources so that you can start taking notes during the next section.
 
Reading this lesson and completing the activity should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/7)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/). 

8.2.2.3 Note Taking   - Explanation: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” Link: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the sections titled “Research and Source Cards” and “Taking Notes.” Following the examples given, use index cardsor an alternative electronic method to create source cards, and then take notes using your three sources. Make sure that you write your notes using your own words (not copied directly from the source), and only write down the necessary information that you will need to answer your focus question.
 
Reading these sections and completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/7)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/).

8.2.3 Grammar: Writing Complex Sentences   - Activity: SOPHIA: Syndey Bauer’s “Sentence Variety: Sentence Structure” Link: SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Sentence Variety: Sentence Structure” (PowerPoint)
 
Instructions: When writing a formal research paper, your sentences need to be complex and professional. Access the link and complete the tutorial on writing active sentences.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/).

8.2.4 Thesis Statements   - Explanation: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” Link: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: All research papers must have a thesis statement, or controlling idea, in the introductory paragraph. Read the section titled “Thesis Statement.” When you get to the questions, click on your response choice for each, and you will receive a message stating whether it is correct. Then create a clear thesis statement for your research paper.
 
Reading this section and completing the activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2a](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2/a/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/).

8.2.5 Organizing Notes and Ideas: Outlining   - Activity: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” Link: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Check that your note cards are organized into subtopics. Read the section titled “Making an Outline,” review the example, and create an outline for your research paper. Your outline should contain four to five paragraphs (introduction, two or three body paragraphs, and a conclusion).
 
Reading this section and completing the activity should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/7)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/).

8.2.6 Plagiarism   - Activity: Mrs. Woronko’s Research Writing Worksheets: “Plagiarism” Link: Mrs. Woronko’s Research Writing Worksheets:“Plagiarism” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read this entire sheet, taking notes on the major points covered. Complete all activities and assessments included in the worksheet.
 
Note: It is important to note that plagiarism is a serious matter and should be avoided at all costs. Schools, especially universities, have strict policies against plagiarism, which can range from getting a zero on a paper to being expelled.
 
Reading this selection and completing the activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

8.2.7 In-Text Citations: Tutorial on Creating Citations   - Activity: Centerville MS Library Media Center’s CMS Media Spot: “RS Support: MLA Bibliographic Support” Link: Centerville MS Library Media Center’sCMS Media Spot: “RS Support: MLA Bibliographic Support” (HTML)
 
Instructions: An important part of writing research papers is referencing your sources properly. You must give credit to all of the sources that you use, in proper MLA format. To become accustomed to this format, read the guide titled “CMSMLABklt7ed” (PDF) and watch the slideshows on the webpage. Since this format can be difficult to master, pay special attention to the section on free citation makers available on the Internet that’s at the bottom of the webpage. These tools can save you time, but make sure that they are always set to MLA format.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

8.2.8 Paraphrasing, Summarizing, and Quoting   - Activity: Ebony Wheat’s “Summarizing” Link: Ebony Wheat’s “Summarizing” (Prezi)
 
Instructions: Review this presentation for information on summarizing. Take thorough notes on how to summarize, as you will be utilizing this skill as you write your research paper.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/2/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2/)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
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8.2.9 Writing the Rough Draft   - Interactive Lab: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” Link: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the section titled “Rough Draft.” You are now ready to write the first draft of your paper. Type your research paper using your outline and note cards. Based on your outline, your draft should be four to five paragraphs long. Do not worry about sentence structure at this point. You will have an opportunity to edit and revise your paper later.
 
Reading this selection and writing your rough draft should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/7)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6/)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/).

8.2.10 Revising and Proofreading   - Checkpoint: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” Link: K12 Handhelds: “Writing a Research Paper” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Congratulations! You have now written your research paper. The next stop is to revise it so that it sounds professional. Read the sections titled “Revising and Editing” and “Final Draft,” and follow the instructions to review your own paper. You will first read and revise your paper, ensuring that it follows your outline and grammar conventions. You will then have a peer review your paper and follow that up by typing the final draft.
 
Reading these selections and completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/7)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6/)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/).

8.2.11 Reviewing and Using a Rubric   - Activity: Mrs. Woronko’s Research Writing Worksheets: “Five Keys Rubric BEST” Link: Mrs. Woronko’s Research Writing Worksheets: Five Keys Rubric BEST” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Use the rubric to score your paper. If possible, have an adult score your paper using the rubric. Multiply the final score by two to get your grade. If you score under 70, make necessary revisions to improve your paper.
 
Note: Grading your own work can sometimes be tricky, so read your essay out loud -or, even better, have someone read it to you -as you score your work. The following tips may also be helpful:

-   To come up with your score for style and conventions, listen for
    places where your sentences all sound the same -not the words
    and meaning, but the actual sound. This can help you grade
    yourself on varied sentence structure.  
      
-   If you hear the same words used frequently, that will help you
    determine “your control of words.”  
      
-   Did you notice any words out of order or that didn’t quite make
    sense when you were reading it aloud? This can help you grade
    your spelling, grammar, and word usage (under “Conventions” on
    the rubric).  
      
-   Does the topic or beginning of each paragraph seem like it is
    connected to the previous one in some way? Or do they seem a
    little out of order? Think about this as you grade your
    “Organization.”  
      
-   As for “Content,” does it seem like you hurried through your
    discussion, or that you gave details until each topic made
    complete sense? Would the sentences or paragraphs have sounded
    better with more details? 

Completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes.  
    
 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/7)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2/)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).