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K12ELA007: English Language Arts 7

Unit 3: Writing for Information   In this unit, you will become familiar with writing nonfiction works. You will read two news articles by different authors on the same topic, noting how the authors treated the topic differently. You will also learn about expository writing and write three different informative pieces: a summary (informative article), a compare and contrast article, and a “how-to” article. You will focus on the “5 Ws and an H” to enhance your writing. By identifying the 5 Ws and an H (who, what, where, when, why, and how), your writing will be more fact based and detail oriented.

Unit 3 Time Advisory
Completing this unit should take approximately 31 hours and 45 minutes.

☐    Subunit 3.1: 4 hours and 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.2: 2 hours and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3: 9 hours and 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.1: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.2: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.3: 1 hour and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.4: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 3.3.5: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.6: 1 hour and 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.7: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.8: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.3.9: 2 hours and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.4: 6 hours and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.4.1: 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.4.2: 15 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.4.3: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.4.4: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 3.4.5: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 3.5: 6 hours and 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.5.1: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.5.2: 45 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.5.3: 1 hour and 30 minutes

☐    Subunit 3.5.4: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 3.5.5: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 3.5.6: 45 minutes

☐    Unit Review:  1 hour

☐    Unit Checkpoint: 30 minutes

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, you will be able to - Summarize the main ideas of news articles. - Identify the 5 Ws and an H in nonfiction work. - Compare and contrast two authors’ takes on the same topic. - Define expository writing. - Write a five-paragraph summary with appropriate grammar and organization. - Write a well-organized essay that compares and contrasts two articles. - Write a “how-to” essay with clear, concise directions.

 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.8 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.9 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.3 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.6 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5 - CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6

3.1 Reading for Information   In this subunit, you will get an introduction to summarizing nonfiction information, like news articles and essays. You will use the 5 Ws and an H approach to gathering the essential information from a written work: who, what, when, where, why, and how. After familiarizing yourself with this approach, you will read a nonfiction article, complete a vocabulary list, answer guiding questions, and then summarize the information from that article.

3.1.1 Summarizing an Article: 5 Ws and an H   - Explanation: 5Wsand1H: “The 5 W’s and 1 H of Reading” Link: 5Wsand1H: “The 5 W’s and 1 H of Reading” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the webpage on how to summarize information. You will learn about identifying the 5 Ws and an H (who, what, when, where, why, and how) to concisely summarize what you read. Practice finding the 5 Ws and an H with the texts provided in the explanation (“Cinderella” and “The Three Little Pigs”).
 
Reading this lesson should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.1.2 Article Vocabulary   - Activity: Vocabulary for Hemingway Article Instructions: You will complete a vocabulary list for a nonfiction article, prior to reading it in the next subunit. Using a dictionary (can be online), find definitions for the following vocabulary words that appear in the news article. Create an original sentence for each word. Note that some of the words in the article are Spanish, so you may need to consult a Spanish-English dictionary.

 1. Banderilleros  
 2. Pensione (Italian word)  
 3. Scalpers  
 4. Pesetas  
 5. Barrera  
 6. Tawny  
 7. Amphitheater  
 8. Terracotta  
 9. Carbines  
 10. Heralds  
 11. Brocaded  
 12. Incongruity  
 13. Decrepit  
 14. Ruffs  
 15. Remunerative  

 Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.  

 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):  

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

3.1.3 Reading a Nonfiction Article: “Bullfighting is Not a Sport: It Is a Tragedy” by Ernest Hemingway   - Reading: The Star: Ernest Hemingway’s “Bullfighting Is Not a Sport - It Is a Tragedy” Link: The Star: Ernest Hemingway’s “Bullfighting Is Not a Sport -It Is a Tragedy” (HTML)
 
Instructions: In 1923, author Ernest Hemingway witnessed a bullfight in Pamplona, Spain. He chronicled the event in this article and later included bullfighting in his fictional works. Read the article two times.
 
Reading this article twice should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

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displayed on the webpage above.

3.1.4 Guided Reading Questions   - Activity: Guided Reading Questions for Hemingway Article Instructions: After reading Hemingway’s article twice, answer the following questions using complete sentences. Make sure that you use details from the story to support your responses.
 
1. Before going to the bullfight, how does Hemingway feel about the sport? How do the Spaniards seem to feel about bullfighting?
 
2. What does the bullfighting arena look like? Describe the bullfighters, or matadors. Do they seem eager to participate?
 
3. How is the bull described? Does this seem like a fair fight? Explain your response.
 
4. Describe the events in Pamplona. Why do you think the Spaniards continue to participate in such a dangerous sport? Keep in mind, the running of the bulls still occurs every year in Pamplona.
 
5. By the end of the article, how does Hemingway feel about the sport of bullfighting? Would you agree with his assessment? Why or why not?
 
Answering these questions should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

3.1.5 Graphic Organizer: Identify 5 Ws and an H   - Activity: Freeology: “Question Mark Organizer” Link: Freeology: “Question Mark Organizer” (PDF)
 
Instructions: To practice summarizing the article that you read, print the “Question Mark Organizer.” Identify the 5 Ws and an H in the article. Be sure to write your notes in your own words; do not just copy information directly from the article.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).

3.2 What Is Expository Writing?   In this subunit, you will learn about expository writing, which involves writing nonfiction, informative essays of different lengths. After reading an article on expository writing, you will look at samples of three different types of exposition. This will better prepare you for writing your own expository essays later in the unit. 

3.2.1 Expository Writing Information   - Explanation: Xiamen Writing: “Expository Writing” Link: Xiamen Writing: “Expository Writing” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the article on expository writing. Pay particular attention to the section on different types of expository writing located under the section entitled “Developmental Patterns.”
 
Reading this lesson should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.2.2 Informative Essay   - Explanation: Content Producers: “Sample Essay” Link: Content Producers: “Sample Essay” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Later in this unit, you will write an informative essay in the form of a five-paragraph summary. To better acquaint you with the process of writing an informative piece, read the sample essay and other information included here. Pay particular attention to the details on writing thesis statements, organizing body paragraphs, and writing concluding paragraphs.
 
Reading this essay should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core): 

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.2.3 Compare and Contrast Essay   - Explanation: SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Compare and Contrast Papers” Link:  SOPHIA: Sydney Bauer’s “Compare and Contrast Papers” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Open the tutorial as well as your notebook so that you’ll be ready to take notes on this concept. Read and listen to the tutorial for an introduction to compare and contrast essays. 
 
Reading, listening to the tutorial and taking notes should take about 10 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/).

3.2.4 “How-To” Essay   - Explanation: Brenda Tapson’s Ms. Tapson: “Writing Instructions” Link: Brenda Tapson’s Ms. Tapson: “Writing Instructions” (HTML) and “Mathematical Mayhem” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Later in the unit, you will be writing a “how-to” essay, also known as written instructions. Use the link above to read easy-to-follow information about how to write instructions. Then open the “Mathematical Mayhem” file and complete the activity.
 
Reading this lesson and completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.3 Summarizing Information   In this subunit, you will work on an expository writing piece in the form of an informative essay, which will be a five-paragraph summary. You will read information about how to organize the essay, look at several examples, complete some grammar lessons so that your writing is informative and concise, and read a second article on bullfighting. You will use the bullfighting article as the source for your five-paragraph essay. 

3.3.1 Five-Paragraph Essay   - Explanation: Drew University: Sandra Jamieson’s “Summary Writing” Link: Drew University: Sandra Jamieson’s “Summary Writing” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the article on why summary writing is an important skill. When you get to the section titled “Summary - Outline Notes,” get a sheet of paper and create outline notes for the article. Save your notes as a reference for when you write your five-paragraph summary later.
 
Reading this lesson and creating your outline notes should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 1.0 Generic
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/1.0/).

3.3.2 Paragraph Setup   - Activity: Tricia Miller’s MillerLA: “Informative Essay Frame” Link: Tricia Miller’s Mille LA: “Informative Essay Frame” (PDF)
 
Instructions: When writing an essay, it is important that your information is well organized. Print the document above and carefully read the directions for each paragraph. Save this document for when you start planning your essay later. It contains directions for three body paragraphs.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.3.3 Supporting Your Ideas (Details, “Show Not Tell”)   - Activity: Carey Middle School’s Carey English: “Show, Don’t Tell” Link: Carey Middle School’s Carey English: “Show, Don't Tell” (HTML)
 
Instructions: A common issue with student writing is that it often generalizes information, rather than providing details from the text to support ideas. Including specific details makes your writing more exciting and informative to the reader. Even nonfiction writing can use a little creative flair. Read the information from the link, and complete the activities using the document titled “Dr. No.”
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RL/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
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3.3.4 Eliminating Unnecessary Information   - Reading: Norbert Elliot’s Elliot Media: MSPTC Editing Guide - “Chapter 9: Sentence Structure” Link: Norbert Elliot’s Elliot Media: MSTPC Editing Guide“Chapter 9: Sentence Structure” (HTML)
 
Instructions: In order for an assignment to be long enough, some writers include unnecessary information or long-winded sentences. To accurately convey your ideas, you should use concise, specific information in your essays. Read this chapter on “Sentence Structure,” paying close attention to section 2, “Stating the Subject Simply.” You will want to remember what you read, so take outline notes. You will use these notes later when writing your first rough draft. You can refer back to them to make sure that the information in your draft is accurate and well written.
 
Reading this chapter should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.3.5 Model Essay   - Explanation: The Saylor Foundation’s “Sample Article Summary” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Sample Article Summary” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the sample article summary and pay close attention to how it is organized and how details are used from the article to support the main ideas. The sample article summary is five paragraphs long. The first two body paragraphs in the sample simply summarize information from the article, while the third body paragraph is used to express the writer’s opinion on the information (application paragraph). When you write your summary, you will also use the first two body paragraphs to summarize, while your third body paragraph can be used to share your opinion on the information that you read.
 
Reading this example should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

3.3.6 Vocabulary   - Reading: Vocabulary for The New York Times Article Instructions: You will complete a vocabulary list for a nonfiction article, prior to reading it in the next subunit. Using a dictionary (can be online), find definitions for the following vocabulary words that you will find in the news article. Create an original sentence for each word.

 1. Goring  
 2. Acknowledged  
 3. Divisions  
 4. Barbaric  
 5. Turmoil  
 6. Subsidy  
 7. Parliament  
 8. Socialist  
 9. Spearheaded  
 10. Enshrine  
 11. Patrimony  
 12. Aficionado  

 Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.  
    
 Standards Addressed (*Common Core*):  

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

3.3.7 Reading a Nonfiction Article: “Bullfighter’s Return Stuns a Hardened Sport” by Raphael Minder   - Reading: The New York Times: Raphael Minder’s “Bullfighter’s Return Stuns a Hardened Sport” Link: The New York Times: Raphael Minder’s “Bullfighter’s Return Stuns a Hardened Sport” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Here you will read a news article on bullfighting from a modern perspective. Read the article twice.
 
Note: If this article is unavailable, you should search for a recent article on bullfighting.
 
Reading this material should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

3.3.8.5 Ws and an H   - Reading: Freeology: “Question Mark Organizer” Link: Freeology: “Question Mark Organizer” (PDF)
 
Instructions: To practice summarizing the article that you read, print the “Question Mark Organizer.” Identify the 5 Ws and an H in the article. Be sure to write your notes in your own words; do not just copy information directly from the article.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).

3.3.9 Informative Essay Organizer   - Activity: Tricia Miller’s MillerLA: “Informative Essay Frame” Link: Tricia Miller’s MillerLA: “Informative Essay Frame” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Either print this document or copy the essay frame into your notebook. Using the modern bullfighting article that you read in Subunit 3.3.7, complete the worksheet.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.3.9.1 Informative Essay Rough Draft   - Activity: Karen Hatzigeorgiou’s Mrs. Hatzigeorgiou’s 7th Grade English Class: “Steps to Writing a Summary” Link: Karen Hatzigeorgiou’s Mrs. Hatzigeorgiou’s 7th Grade English Class: “Steps to Writing a Summary” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Using the modern bullfighting article and your organizer, follow the instructions at the link to write a rough draft of your five-paragraph summary, but add a few additional elements. In your introduction, you need to include the full title of the article (in quotes: see sample summary) and author of the story that you are summarizing, as well as your thesis. Paragraphs 2 and 3 (body paragraphs 1 and 2) should cover the 5 Ws and an H, while paragraph 4 (body paragraph 3) should contain your opinion and a deeper analysis. Your concluding paragraph should summarize the main idea and underlying meaning of the article.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

3.3.9.2 Informative Essay Assessment   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation’s “Five-Paragraph Essay Writing Rubric” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Five-Paragraph Essay Writing Rubric” (PDF)
 
Instructions: When you are finished writing and reviewing your essay, use this rubric to assess it.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.4 Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay   Now that you are familiar with expository writing and writing five-paragraph summaries, you will start working on a compare and contrast essay. In this subunit, you will become familiar with standard compare and contrast formats and Venn diagrams, and you will write your own essay using the two articles on bullfighting. 

3.4.1 How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay   - Explanation: N de Soysa’s “Compare and Contrast Essays” Link: N de Soysa’s “Compare & Contrast Essays” (Prezi)
 
Instructions: View the Prezi presentation titled “Compare and Contrast Essays,” which discusses how to write compare and contrast essays. Pay particular attention to the section on Venn diagrams.
 
Viewing this presentation should take approximately 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

3.4.2 Model Essay   - Explanation: Writing for Success: “Chapter 15, Section 8: Compare-and-Contrast Essay” Link: Writing for Success“Chapter 15, Section 8: Compare-and-Contrast Essay” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Before you start on your own compare-and-contrast piece, read this model essay on pages 607 - 608. Carefully review the essay and how the author structures the body paragraphs, as well as the details used to describe likenesses and differences between two subjects.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 15 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: This text was adapted by the Saylor Foundation under a
[Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

3.4.3 Venn Diagrams   - Activity: Lauren Villwock’s Nathan Davis Technology: “Venn Diagram” Link: Lauren Villwock’s Nathan Davis Technology: “Venn Diagram” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Review this material for additional information on Venn diagrams, useful tools for comparing and contrasting two different things. Create a Venn diagram using the directions in the link. You can keep a blank digital copy or print a copy for later use. If you are unable to create a Venn diagram using PowerPoint, simply draw one by hand.
 
With the Venn diagram that you create, you will compare and contrast the two bullfighting articles that you have read. Come up with as many similarities and differences that you can fit on the diagram. You do not need to use complete sentences, as your notes should be short and abbreviated so that you can record as many examples as possible. Later, you will identify just two similarities and differences that you will focus on for your essay.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.4.4 Grammar: Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections   - Explanation: MacKinnonILA: “7th Grade Grammar Page” Link: MacKinnonILA: “7th Grade Grammar Page” (HTML)
 
Instructions: To be able to write clear and complete sentences, you must be familiar with prepositions and conjunctions. From the link above, open and read the document titled “Preposition Notes.” After reading the notes carefully, return to the webpage and listen to the song, watch a video of your choice, and complete an interactive activity from each section (one “Online Quiz” and one from “Conjunctions”) to practice your grammar.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 2 hours.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.4.5 Write a Compare and Contrast Essay   - Activity: Gary Morecraft’s Pan-Asian International School: “Compare and Contrast Essay Writing Project” Link: Gary Morecraft’s Pan-Asian International School“Compare and Contrast Essay Project” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Have the bullfighting articles and Venn diagram handy. Open the above document and complete the first page, identifying at least two major comparisons and differences between the bullfighting articles. When you’re finished, scroll down to pages 2 and 3 titled “Compare and Contrast Paragraph Writing Guide” and “Compare and Contrast Writing Rubric.” Use the guide to assist you in writing a five-paragraph draft. After proofreading your essay (remember to check your prepositions and conjunctions), use the rubric to assess it.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 3 hours.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.8](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/8)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.5 Writing a “How-To” Essay   In this subunit, you will work on writing a “how-to” essay, also known as written directions or procedural essays, and you will get to select your own topic. When teaching others how to do something new, it is important to be able to give clear, accurate directions that are broken down into simple steps. Writing a “how-to” essay will help you improve your own communication and teaching skills. Before writing your essay, you will read information on how to set up this type of essay, look at some sample essays, and complete grammar lessons. 

3.5.1 Sequencing Information   - Explanation: Aitken Creek Primary School Grade 5/6: “What Makes a Good Procedure?” Link: Aitken Creek Primary School Grade 5/6: “What Makes a Good Procedure?” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the information and view the four short presentations on writing procedural essays. Take notes on what needs to go into a procedural essay. When finished, answer the two questions in red.
 
Reading this lesson, watching the presentations, and taking notes should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.5.2 Model Essay   - Explanation: June Veenstra, Emma Smith, and Johnny Stork’s Technical Writing Solutions: “Writing Procedure Topics” Link: June Veenstra, Emma Smith, and Johnny Stork’s Technical Writing Solutions: “Writing Procedure Topics” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the information on writing procedure topics, which includes a few sample “how-to” pieces that involve using Skype and WebCT. Read the samples carefully, noting their organization and use of clear, simple directions.
 
Reading these writing samples should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.5.3 Grammar: Punctuation   - Activity: Grant’s Braes School’s Ruma Tahi: “Punctuation” Link: Grant’s Braes School’s Ruma Tahi: “Punctuation” (HTML)
 
Instructions: To convey your ideas clearly and accurately, you must follow proper punctuation rules. Watch the PowerPoint presentation entitled “Kung Fu Punctuation,” and take notes on the rules for each type of punctuation. Play at least three of the punctuation games linked on the main webpage. You will use this information later to proofread your essay, ensuring that you have followed all of the punctuation rules.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

3.5.4 Writing a “How-To” Essay   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation’s “Directions for Written Instructions” and “Written Instructions Graphic Organizer” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Directions for Written Instructions” (PDF) and “Written Instructions Graphic Organizer” (PDF)
 
Instructions: You are now ready to start working on your “how-to” essay. To begin, choose a topic or procedure that you know well so that you will not have any difficulty writing directions. Make sure that you can come up with at least 10 steps. Then open the documents linked above. Read the directions carefully, and then complete the graphic organizer. Use the graphic organizer to write a rough draft of your essay.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 2 hours.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

3.5.5 Editing Procedural Essay   - Activity: Drew University: Sandra Jamieson’s “Checking Your Own Writing or That of Your Peers” Link: Drew University: Sandra Jamieson’s “Checking Your Own Writing or That of Your Peers” (HTML)
 
Instructions: When you are finished with the draft, use this checklist to assess your essay. Review all 12 parts of the checklist. Finally, test your “how-to” essay on another person. Gather materials and read it aloud. See how well that person completes the activity you’ve described in your essay.
 
Completing this activity should take approximately 1 hour.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.5](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/5)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/9)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/SL/7/6)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 1.0 Generic
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/1.0/).

3.5.6 Proofreading and Grammar: Modifiers   - Explanation: Perry Haske’s OneStopGrammar: “Irregular Modifiers & Degree” Link: Perry Haske’s OneStopGrammar: “Irregular Modifiers & Degree” (HTML)
 
Instructions: In order to write using proper sentence structures, you must have a good grasp of what a modifier is and how to properly place modifiers in sentences. Read the information on modifiers linked above, taking notes on the types and how they work. Then complete the quiz. When you get to the bottom of the page, continue on to the next, and complete the second quiz. Now, review your last essay and check that your modifiers are correctly placed.
 
Reading this lesson and taking notes should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Standards Addressed (Common Core):

-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RI/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/10)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.1](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/1)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.2](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/2)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.3](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/3)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.4](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/4)
-   [CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.7.6](http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/7/6)

Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/).

Unit 3 Assessment   - Activity: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Review” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Review” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Now that you have completed Unit 3, you will prepare for the unit assessment. Use the link above to assist you in choosing what items to study.
 
Completing this review should take approximately 1 hour.

  • Checkpoint: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Checkpoint” Link: The Saylor Foundation’s “Unit 3 Checkpoint” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: To complete Unit 3, you need to pass the unit checkpoint. You cannot use your notes while taking the exam. Check your answers with the “Answer Key” when you are done. In order to pass, you need to answer 7 out of 10 questions correctly. If you do not pass the first time, review your notes and retake the test until you do.
     
    Completing this checkpoint should take approximately 30 minutes.