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HIST313: War and American Society

Unit 11: The Global War on Terror and the New World Order   During the first decade of the 21st century, the threat of militant Islamic terrorist organizations across the globe has largely dictated America’s military commitments.  Following the 9-11 attacks, American military forces engaged in two major conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq.  The Iraq invasion came as part of President George W. Bush’s doctrine of preemptive war, designed to eliminate threats to American national security.  While American forces enjoyed great success in their military objectives, they encountered great difficulties maintaining the post-war peace and rebuilding local and national infrastructures in Iraq and Afghanistan.  These wars also generated serious doubt as to whether America can combat terrorism without compromising her fundamental political and social values.  In this final unit, we will examine the challenges currently facing American military forces and look at how a decade of conflict has reshaped American social and political expectations regarding the role that the military should play in international affairs.  Finally, we will look beyond the first decade of the 21st century and consider future challenges that the American military may face and how these challenges will affect American society.

Unit 11 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 5 hours to complete.

☐    Introduction: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 11.1: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 11.2: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 11.3: 1 hour

Unit11 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Identify and describe post-Cold War U.S. military policy and tactics.

  • Reading: Wikibooks: U.S. History: “W. Bush” Link: Wikibooks: U.S. History:W. Bush” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please read the entirety of the webpage to better understand American military policy since 9/11.
     
    Terms of Use: The article above is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 (HTML).  You can find the original Wikibooks version of this article here (HTML).

11.1 The War on Terror   - Reading: The Saylor Foundation's "War on Terror" Link: The Saylor Foundation's "War on Terror" (PDF)

 Instructions: Please read the linked material.  This reading
addresses subunits 11.1 through 11.1.5.

11.1.1 Portents of Danger   11.1.2 Anti-American Ideologies   11.1.3 Terrorism in the 1990s   11.1.4 Al Qaeda’s Growing Reach   11.1.5 9-11 and the New Global Conflict   - Reading: The Saylor Foundation's "September 11 Attacks" Link: The Saylor Foundation's "September 11 Attacks" (PDF)

 Instructions: Please read the linked material.

11.2 The War in Afghanistan   - Reading: Wikipedia: “War in Afghanistan (2001-Present)” Link: Wikipedia: “War in Afghanistan (2001-Present)” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of this entry in order to get a comprehensive overview of the War in Afghanistan.
 
Terms of Use: The article above is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 (HTML).  You can find the original Wikipedia version of this article here (HTML).

11.3 The Iraq War   - Reading: The Saylor Foundation's "Invasion of Iraq" Link: The Saylor Foundation's "Invasion of Iraq" (PDF)

 Instructions: Please read the linked material.  This reading
addresses subunits 11.3 through 11.4.3

11.3.1 The Bush Doctrine—Preemptive War   11.3.2 Regime Change   11.3.3 The Limits of American Military Power   11.3.4 Phased Withdrawal   11.3.5 Military Lessons from the War   11.3.6 Social Consequences   11.4 American Society in a New Age of War   11.4.1 Rights and Freedoms   11.4.2 Defeating Terrorism?   11.4.3 American Values:  The Case of Torture and Enemy Combatants