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HIST312: Capitalism and Democracy in America

Unit 5: Federalism and Republicanism in America, 1790-1815   This unit explores the period of American history best symbolized by two men who are often depicted as the embodiments of capitalism and democracy: Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.  We will study the tension between Americans who advocated for an economy based on manufacturing and aided by a strong central government (Hamilton) and those who argued for an agricultural economy unfettered by government regulation (Jefferson).  We will also discuss the mounting importance of the issue of slavery, which many Northerners had begun to consider undemocratic and therefore contradictory to the American constitution.  Southern slaveholders, by contrast, argued that their democracy was predicated upon owning slaves, a tension that could only be resolved by the American Civil War.

Unit 5 Time Advisory
This unit should take you 6.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 5.1: 3.5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 5.3: 2 hours

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Identify and define Jefferson and Hamilton’s economic visions for the United States.
  • Identify and define Andrew Jackson’s economic and political policies.

5.1 Two Visions of American Government and Economics: Hamiltonian Federalism versus Jeffersonian Agrarianism   5.1.1 Alexander Hamilton’s Vision: America as a World Industrial Power   - Reading: Alexander Hamilton, Report on Manufactures Link: Alexander Hamilton’s Report on Manufactures (ePub format)

 Also available in:  
 [Microsoft
Word](http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=11&ved=0CEoQFjAK&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.constitution.org%2Fah%2Frpt_manufactures.doc&rct=j&q=alexander%20hamilton%20report%20on%20manufactures%20text&ei=2bGgTNyiGsKAlAeipuTrAg&usg=AFQjCNEXjyunf3_DZTjY0RNP4XO3CVffPg&sig2=cc0UI0VsPnA3NS_y7PyC9A&cad=rja)   

[HTML](http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:nOTDq1-y76gJ:www.constitution.org/ah/rpt_manufactures.doc+alexander+hamilton+report+on+manufactures+text&cd=11&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=firefox-a)  

[PDF](http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/HIST312-4.5.1-The-Federalist-Papers-51.pdf)  

 Instructions: Please read the first eleven pages of this document
to better understand Hamilton’s vision of the United States.   
    
 About the link: This online text is Alexander Hamilton’s *Report on
Manufactures*, published in 1791.  It has since entered the public
domain.  

 Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain.
  • Lecture: C-SPAN/The New York Historical Society, “Alexander Hamilton and Liberty” Link: C-SPAN/The New York Historical Society, “Alexander Hamilton and Liberty” (Youtube)

    Instructions: Please watch the entire 80-minute debate to better understand historians’ views about Hamilton, money, and American government.

    About the link: This website an entire series of lectures produced by C-SPAN and the New York Historical Society.

    Terms of Use: The material above was produced by C-SPAN, with permission granted for non-commercial use with no modifications to the material. The original version can be found here http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/180695-2.

5.1.2 Thomas Jefferson’s Vision: America as an Agrarian Paradise   - Reading: Yale University’s e-copy of Thomas Jefferson’s Jefferson’s Opinion on the Constitutionality of a National Bank, 1791 Link: Yale University’s e-copy of Thomas Jefferson’s Opinion on the Constitutionality of a National Bank, 1791 (HTML)

 Also available in:   
 [Google
Books](http://books.google.com/books?id=Fm96XUkHMRMC&pg=PA32&dq=Opinion+on+the+Constitutionality+of+a+National+Bank&hl=en&ei=5LKgTNDVN8P98AaR_oy5Dg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Opinion%20on%20the%20Consti)  
    
 Instructions: Please read this document to understand Thomas
Jefferson’s vision of the United States.   

 About the link: This online text is Thomas Jefferson’s response to
Hamilton’s *Report on Manufactures*.  It has since entered the
public domain.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Lecture: C-SPAN/The Massachusetts Historical Society, “Jefferson, Adams and Their Legacy” Link:  C-SPAN/The Massachusetts Historical Society, “Jefferson, Adams and Their Legacy” (Youtube)

    Instructions: Please watch the entire 75-minute debate to better understand historians’ views about Jefferson’s legacy and American government.

    About the link: This website an entire series of lectures produced by C-SPAN and the Massachusetts Historical Society.

    Terms of Use: The material above was produced by C-SPAN, with permission granted for non-commercial use with no modifications to the material. The original version can be found here http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/287373-2.

5.1.3 Compromise: Capitol for Capital   - Reading: Wikipedia: “First Bank of the United States” Link: Wikipedia:  “First Bank of the United States” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please read the entirety of the entry in order to get
a sense of the history of the first bank of the United States.  

 About the link: This online text was developed by Wikipedia’s users
as an open educational resource; it has not been peer-reviewed, so
please bear that in mind when using Wikipedia.  
    
 Terms of Use: The WIkibooks article above is released under a
[Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) (HTML).  You
can find the original version of this article
[here](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Bank_of_the_United_States)
(HTML).

5.2 The War of 1812   - Reading: Wikibooks’ US History: “War, Nationalism, and Division” Link: Wikibooks’ US History:War, Nationalism, and Division” (PDF)
  
Instructions: Please read the entirety of the webpage in order to learn about Jeffersonian democracy, which culminated in the War of 1812 and made possible the rise of Andrew Jackson.
 
About the link: This online text was developed by Wikibooks as an open educational resource for use in undergraduate history courses.
 
Terms of Use: The Wikibooks article above is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 (HTML).  You can find the original version of this article here (HTML).

5.3 Andrew Jackson and the Rise of American Democracy   - Web Media: C-SPAN's "Life Portrait of Andrew Jackson" Link: C-SPAN's  "Life Portrait of Andrew Jackson" (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions: Please watch the entire video to get a sense of the American Industrial Revolution.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: C-SPAN/Jimmy Carter Library and Museum, “American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House” Link:  C-SPAN/Jimmy Carter Library and Museum, “American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House” (Youtube)

    Instructions: Please watch the entire 70-minute discussion.
     
    About the link: This website an entire series of lectures produced by C-SPAN and the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum.
     
    Terms of Use: The material above was produced by C-SPAN, with permission granted for non-commercial use with no modifications to the material.  The original version can be found here http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/282625-2.