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HIST202: History of Europe, 1800 to the Present

Unit 10: The European Integration   In 1946, Winston Churchill called for a “United States of Europe” in a speech given at University of Zurich, but it was not until 1950 that the formation of an integrated Europe began to develop when France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg joined together to try to find ways to prevent another world war.  In these early days of European integration, the focus was on common trade policies for coal, steel, and agriculture.  Thus, the first Europe-wide organization was dubbed the European Coal and Steel Community.  As this collective grew and expanded, it transformed first into the European Economic Community (1957) and then into the European Union (1993).

This unit emphasizes various aspects of the European integration process and covers the time period between the end of World War I in 1919 and the creation of the European Union.  In this unit, students will analyze European integration as a historical process and will be asked to think critically about various aspects of more recent European politics (Law, Political Science, Economics and Economic History, etc).  We will conclude by reflecting on the future of European Union.

Unit 10 Time Advisory
This unit will take you 6 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 10.1: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 10.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 10.3: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 10.4: 1 hour

Unit10 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:

  • Trace the development of and main events in the development of the European Union.
  • Identify and describe the rationale for the economic monetary union and assess its impact within the member states.
  • Assess the global economic, political, and social role of the European Union and its future in the world economy.

10.1 History of the European Integration   - Lecture: iTunes U: Bethel University: Professor Christopher Gehrz’s “The Search for a Third Way” Link: iTunes U: Bethel University: Professor Christopher Gehrz’s “The Search for a Third Way” (iTunes U audio)
 
Instructions: Listen to the linked audio lecture.  In this lecture, Professor Christopher Gehrz focuses on the efforts of various European nations to rebuild and reorganize their economies and societies following World War II.  He discusses western European efforts to pursue a “Third Way” between the Cold War policies of the United States and the Society Union.  He also addresses various Western European attempts to create democratic public welfare states and socialist economies.  He concludes by tracing the development of the European Economic Community and other initiatives dedicated to unifying Europe economically and socially, and discussing Soviet reactions to mounting dissatisfaction in Communist Eastern Europe.
 
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  • Reading: Europa’s “The History of the European Union” Link: Europa’s “The History of the European Union” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read this text and all embedded links in their entirety.  Please note that this reading covers material outlined in the sub-subunits 10.1.1-10.1.5.
     
    Note on the Text: Europa is the official website of the European Union.  This site is maintained by the Communication department of the European Commission on behalf of the European institutions.
     
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10.1.1 Robert Schuman and the European Coal and Steel Community   10.1.2 The European Economic and Atomic Energy Communities   10.1.3 The Stockholm Convention and the European Free Trade Association   10.1.4 The Treaties of Maastricht and Amsterdam   10.1.5 The Schengen Agreements   10.2 Institutions of the European Union   - Reading: Europa’s “EU Institutions and Other Bodies” Link: Europa’s “EU Institutions and Other Bodies” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read this text and all embedded links in their entirety.  Please pay special attention to the section on the EU’s decision-making process.  Europa is the official website of the European Union.  This site is maintained by the Communication department of the European Commission on behalf of the European institutions.
 
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10.3 The Economic and Monetary Union   - Reading: Europa’s “Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the Euro” Link: Europa’s “Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the Euro” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read this text and all embedded links in their entirety.  Europa is the official website of the European Union.  This site is maintained by the Communication department of the European Commission on behalf of the European institutions.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The University of Iowa Center for International Finance and Development’s “What Is the European Monetary Union?” Link: The University of Iowa Center for International Finance and Development’s “What Is the European Monetary Union?” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read this text and all embedded links in their entirety.  Pay special attention to the section “Criticisms of the EMU.”  This text is maintained by the UICIFD, a student-driven project founded and directed by Professor Enrique Carrasco, that aims at helping readers understand the world of international finance and development.
     
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10.4 The Future of the Union   - Reading: GlobalChange: Dr. Patrick Dixon’s “The Future of the European Union” Link: GlobalChange: Dr. Patrick Dixon’s “The Future of the European Union” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read this text and all embedded links in their entirety.  Dr. Patrick Dixos is considered in the media as “Europe’s leading Futurist,” and an authority on global trends.
 
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  • Reading: Europa: Benita Ferrero-Waldner’s “The Future of the European Union: Managing Globalization” Link: Europa: Benita Ferrero-Waldner’s “The Future of the European Union: Managing Globalization” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read the text version of a speech given by Ferrero-Waldner–the European Commissioner for Trade and European Neighbourhood Policy from 2009 to 2010– at the Bucerius Summer School, on August 31, 2007.  Remember it is a primary source, and it should be treated as such.  When evaluating a primary source, remember that the author usually has an “axe to grind,” or some personal motive for writing that may not be immediately obvious.  Thus, ask yourself the following questions: What is the author saying?  And why is he saying it?
     
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