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GEOG101: World Regional Geography

Unit 12: Australia and New Zealand   Australia and New Zealand have flora and fauna that are found nowhere else on Earth.  Australia is an island, a country, and a continent – the world’s smallest continent, but the only “Island Continent.”  No other land mass can make those three claims.  Australia consists of a large mainland and the island of Tasmania to the south.  The mainland of New Zealand consists of two main islands, separated from Australia’s southeastern region by the Tasman Sea. 
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*The Indian Ocean surrounds Australia’s western and southern coasts.  Indonesia and Papua New Guinea lie to the north, separated by the Timor Sea and the Arafura Sea.  The Gulf of Carpentaria extends to the north along Australia’s eastern coast, almost reaching Papua New Guinea.  The Great Barrier Reef runs for more than 1,600 miles off the continent’s northeastern shores, with the Coral Sea, which separates the Great Barrier Reef from the South Pacific.  The southern side of Australia is the Great Australian Bight, and the island of Tasmania.  Finally, to the south of Australia and New Zealand is Antarctica. 

The two countries have distinct physical geographies.  Australia is relatively flat with low elevation highlands and an extensive dry interior, while New Zealand has high mountains and receives more rainfall.  New Zealand and Australia’s geographic isolation from the rest of the world has allowed rare and extraordinary species to flourish. It is quite a remarkable place.

Your journey through this unit begins with an exploration of the Australian and New Zealand realm, with particular emphasis on the physical geography of the region and the impact of colonialism to the place and the Aboriginal people.  Next, you will explore the physical, cultural, political, and economic characteristics of Australia and New Zealand. 

Unit 12 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 7 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 12.1: 4 hours ☐    Activity: 1 hour

☐    Reading: 1.5 hours

☐    Lectures: 1.5 hours
 

☐    Subunit 12.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 12.3: 1.5 hours

Unit12 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Summarize how colonialism has affected the development and socioeconomic conditions of Australia and New Zealand. - Determine where the Wallace Line and the Weber Line were located.  - Describe and explain how isolation has allowed for the high level of biodiversity in the realm. - Identify how colonialism impacted the Maori and the Aboriginal populations. - Summarize the colonial exploitation and development of Australia. - Describe the basic characteristics of Australia’s and New Zealand’s physical geography and general cultural attributes.

12.1 Introducing the Realm   - Activity: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Oceania” Link: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Oceania” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Click on the link above to be taken to a website where you can test your geographic map skills.  Once at the website, click on the “Oceania” icon.  Next, underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions L – Tutorial.”  When you feel comfortable with your regional knowledge of Oceania, go back to the Oceania game choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions G – Game.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
Once you have successfully completed the Landscape quiz, go back to the Oceania game choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Oceans L – Tutorial.” Complete the Tutorial.  When you feel comfortable, go back to the Oceania game choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Oceans G – Game.” Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
Once you have successfully completed the Oceans quiz, go back to the Oceania game choices, and underneath the “Countries” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level L – Tutorial.” When you feel comfortable, go back to the Oceania game choices, and underneath the “Countries” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level 1 – Beginner.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%. Good luck!  
 
NOTE: This quiz also includes the countries and islands discussed in Unit 13: The Pacific and Antarctica.
 
This activity should take 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 12: Australia and New Zealand:” “Section 12.1: Introducing the Realm” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 12: Australia and New Zealand:” “Section 12.1: Introducing the Realm” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 12.1 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 12.1.1 and 12.1.2. 
     
    This reading provides and introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Australia and New Zealand.  In addition, the reading explores how colonialism has affected the development and socioeconomic conditions of Australia and New Zealand (including how colonialism impacted the Maori and the Aboriginal populations).  The reading also explores how isolation has allowed for the high level of biodiversity in the realm.
     
    Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “Australia and Oceania: Part 1” and “Australia and Oceania: Part 2” Link: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “Australia and Oceania: Part 1” (iTunes U) and “World Regional Geography:” “Australia and Oceania: Part 2” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links above, locate the lectures titled “0025Australia and Oceania Part 1” and “0026Australia and Oceania Part 2,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch each lecture.  View Parts 1 and 2 in their entirety for an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of this realm. NOTE: these lectures also include information regarding Unit 13 (namely, with regards to the islands of the South Pacific).
     
    Watching these lectures and pausing to take notes should take 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

12.1.1 Isolation Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Isolation Geography.”   

12.1.2 Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Colonialism.”   

12.2 Australia   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 12: Australia and New Zealand:” “Section 12.2: Australia” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 12: Australia and New Zealand:” “Section 12.2: Australia” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 12.2 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 12.2.1 through 12.1.7. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Australia.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

12.2.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”

12.2.2 Climate Regions   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Climate Regions.”   

12.2.3 Population, Urbanization and the Core-Periphery Spatial Relationship   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Population, Urbanization, and the Core-Periphery Spatial Relationship.”

12.2.4 Culture and Immigration   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Culture and Immigration.”   

12.2.5 Economic Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Economic Geography.”   

12.2.6 Mining and Aboriginal Lands   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Mining and Aboriginal Lands.”   

12.2.7 Austalia's Future   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Australia’s Future.”   

12.3 New Zealand   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 12: Australia and New Zealand:” “Section 12.3: New Zealand” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 12: Australia and New Zealand:” “Section 12.3: New Zealand” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 12.3 as well as the end of chapter material in Section 12.4.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 12.3.1 through 12.3.3.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of New Zealand.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

12.3.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”   

12.3.1.1 Tectonic Plates and Gondwanaland   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tectonic Plates and Gondwanaland.”   

12.3.1.2 Biodiversity in New Zealand   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Biodiversity in New Zealand.”   

12.3.2 Cultural Dynamics and the Maori   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 12.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Cultural Dynamics and the Maori.”