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GEOG101: World Regional Geography

Unit 11: Southeast Asia   The region between China, India, Australia, and the Pacific Ocean is known as Southeast Asia.  Political borders in Southeast Asia were created through a combination of factors, including natural features, traditional tribal distinctions, colonial claims, and political agreements.  Indonesia, the fourth-most populous country in the world, is situated in this realm. 

Southeast Asia is a region of peninsulas and islands.  The only landlocked country is the rural country of Laos, which borders China, Vietnam, and Thailand.  The physical geography of Southeast Asia includes beaches, bays, inlets, and gulfs.  The thousands of islands in Southeast Asia provide refuge for a variety of cultural groups.  For example, the island of New Guinea has hundreds of local groups with their own languages and traditions.  Indonesians, Malays, and Filipinos, coinciding with the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, dominate the large number of ethnic groups. Each of these main groups has many subgroups that hold to their own cultural heritage in the areas where they exist.  The many islands of Indonesia and the Philippines create the opportunity for diversity to continue to thrive,in spite of the globalization process that has increased the interaction and communication opportunities between groups.

Unit 11 begins with an exploration of the physical geography of Southeast Asia, followed by analysis of the impact of colonialism to the realm, and an introduction to the ethnic mosaic of the region.

Unit 11 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 6.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 11.1: 3.5 hours

☐    Subunit 11.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 11.3: 1.5 hours

Unit11 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Describe the geographical differences between the mainland region of Southeast Asia and the insular region. - Summarize how the region was colonized. - Describe the main ethnic and religious affiliations of Southeast Asia, and discuss the diversity. - Explain the impact and influence of the overseas Chinese in the region. - Describe how Vietnam was divided by civil war and the impact the war had on the country. - Explain how the country of Laos is addressing its rural landlocked economic situation. - Describe the radical conditions that led to the creation of Democratic Kampuchea. - Describe the physical geography of Thailand and how this country has developed its economy. - Discuss how the structured island nation of Singapore became an economic tiger. - Describe the physical geography of Indonesia and the population dynamics of the island of Java. - Summarize the cultural and economic characteristics of the Philippines. 

11.1 Introducing the Realm   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 11: Southeast Asia:” “Section 11.1: Introducing the Realm” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 11: Southeast Asia:” “Section 11.1: Introducing the Realm” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 11.1 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 11.1.1 through 11.1.4. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the nations of Southeast Asia.  In addition, the reading explores the impact and influence of the Chinese in the region
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “Southeast Asia: Part 1” and “Southeast Asia: Part 2” Link: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “Southeast Asia: Part 1” (iTunes U) and “World Regional Geography:” “Southeast Asia: Part 2” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links above, locate the lectures titled “0023Southeast Asia Part 1” and “0024Southeast Asia Part 2,” and select “View in iTunes” for each lecture.  Watch Parts 1 and 2 in their entirety for an introduction to the physical and cultural characteristics of Southeast Asia.
     
    Watching these lectures and pausing to take notes should take approximately 2 hours to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

11.1.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”   

11.1.2 Impact of Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Impact of Colonialism.”   

11.1.3 Cultural Introduction   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Cultural Introduction.”   

11.1.4 Overseas Chinese   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Overseas Chinese.”   

11.1.4.1 The Chinese Exodus to Southeast Sea   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  Review the text below the heading, “Overseas Chinese.”   

11.1.4.2 European Colonial Influence   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  Review the text below the heading, “Overseas Chinese.”   

11.1.4.3 Japanese Occupation and Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.1.  Review the text below the heading, “Overseas Chinese.”   

11.2 The Mainland Countries   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 11: Southeast Asia:” “Section 11.2: The Mainland Countries” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 11: Southeast Asia:” “Section 11.2: The Mainland Countries” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 11.2 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 11.2.1 through 11.1.5. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the mainland countries of Southeast Asia, including Vietnam, Laos, the Democratic Kampuchea, and Thailand.  In addition, the reading explores how Vietnam was divided by civil war and the impact the war had on the country.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

11.2.1 Vietnam   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Vietnam.” 

11.2.1.1 Political Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Political Geography.”  

11.2.1.2 Modern Vietnam   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Modern Vietnam.”  

11.2.2 Laos   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Laos.”   

11.2.3 Cambodia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Cambodia.”   

11.2.3.1 A Notorious History   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “A Notorious History.”   

11.2.3.2 Modern Cambodia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Modern Cambodia.”   

11.2.4 Thailand   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Thailand.”   

11.2.5 Myanmar or Burma   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Myanmar or Burma.”   

11.3 The Insular Region (Islands of Southeast Asia)   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 11: Southeast Asia:” “Section 11.3: The Insular Region (Islands of Southeast Asia)” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 11: Southeast Asia:” “Section 11.3: The Insular Region (Islands of Southeast Asia)” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 11.3 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 11.3.1 through 11.3.6. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the islands of Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, Java, Singapore, and the Philippines.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

11.3.1 Malaysia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Malaysia.”   

11.3.1.1 Diversity of Culture and Ethnicity in Malaysia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Diversity of Culture and Ethnicity in Malaysia.”   

11.3.1.2 Economic Development in Malaysia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Economic Development in Malaysia.”  

11.3.2 Singapore   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Singapore.”  

11.3.3 Indonesia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Indonesia.”   

11.3.4 Brunei   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Brunei.”   

11.3.5 The Philippines   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Philippines.”   

11.3.5.1 Environmental Forces   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Environmental Forces.”   

11.3.5.2 Political Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Political Geography.”   

11.3.5.3 Cultural Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Cultural Geography.”  

11.3.5.4 The Global Economy and Outsourcing   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Global Economy and Outsourcing.”   

11.3.6 East-Timor (Timor-Leste)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 11.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “East Timor (Timor-Leste).”