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GEOG101: World Regional Geography

Unit 10: East Asia   East Asia is home to one-fifth of the entire world population, with China being the largest country in the realm.  The countries of Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, and Japan border the massive nation of China.  East Asia’s location on the Pacific Rim has provided the countries of the realm a port of access to the global economy.  The manufacturing industry has fueled the high-tech engines of the Pacific Rim economies, which have taken advantage of the massive labor pool of the Chinese heartland.  The island of Taiwan, off the eastern coast of China, has an independent government that has been separated from mainland China since the end of World War II.  Hong Kong, a former British possession with one of the best ports in Asia, is on the southern coast of China.  The former Portuguese colony of Macau, which has been returned to Chinese control, is just west of Hong Kong.  The autonomous region of Tibet, referred to by its Chinese name, Xizang, is in western China.  Tibet has been controlled by Communist China since 1949, shortly after the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was declared a country. 

In this unit, you will first study the wonderfully diverse physical geography of East Asia.  East Asia is surrounded by a series of mountain ranges in the west, Mongolia and Russia to the north, and Southeast Asia to the south.  The Himalayas border Tibet and Nepal; the Karakoram Ranges, Pamir’s, and the Tian Shan Mountains shadow Central Asia; and the Altay Mountains are next to Russia.  The Himalayan Mountains are among the highest mountain ranges in the world, and Mt. Everest is the planet’s tallest peak standing at over 29,000 feet tall.  These high ranges create a rain-shadow effect that dominates western China.

After you explore the physical geography of the region, you will then analyze the impact of colonialism in China, and identify the various countries and regions that were controlled by colonial interests.  Additionally, you will explore the physical, political, economic, and cultural characteristics of China, including its population dynamics and the “One-Child-Only” policy.  The unit ends with an analysis of some of the major physical and cultural characteristics of Japan, North Korea, and South Korea.

Unit 10 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 10.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 10.1: 4 hours ☐    Reading: 1.5 hours

☐    Lectures: 2.5 hours
 

☐    Subunit 10.2: 3.5 hours

☐    Subunit 10.3: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 10.4: 1.5 hours

Unit10 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to: - Identify the countries and territories of East Asia.  - Describe the physical features and climates of each country. - Analyze the relationship between physical geography and human populations in East Asia. - Summarize the objectives in building the Three Gorges Dam. - Describe how colonialism impacted China.  - Discuss the three way split in China. - Describe the China’s transition from strict Communism to a capitalist-influenced economy. - Analyze the One-Child-Only Policy and discuss the policy’s impact on Chinese culture. - Outline the location of the political units of China with the autonomous regions and special administrative units. - Describe how China has shifted its economic policies and structure in the past few decades. - Discuss China’s geopolitical history. - Explain Hong Kong’s progression from a British colony through the transformation into a special autonomous region of China.  - Discuss why Hong Kong and Shenzhen have been important to the development of the Chinese economy. - Describe the current relationship between Taiwan and Mainland China. - Explain the challenges that Tibet has experienced in becoming an autonomous region of China.  - Summarize the role Mongolia played during the Cold War. - Explain why the peripheral regions of Tibet, Hong Kong, and Taiwan are important to the Chinese government and the vitality of the country. - Describe the physical geography of the Korean peninsula. - Discuss the economic development of Japan. - Discuss the political structure of North Korea. - Discuss South Korea’s prosperous economy.

10.1 Introducing the Realm   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.1: Introducing the Realm” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.1: Introducing the Realm” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 10.1 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 10.1.1 through 10.1.4.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the nations of East Asia, including China.  In addition, the reading explores the objectives in building the Three Gorges Dam and the impact of colonialism on the Chinese culture.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “East Asia: Part 1” and “World Regional Geography:” “East Asia: Part 2” Link: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “East Asia: Part 1” (iTunes U) and “World Regional Geography:” “East Asia: Part 2” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links above, locate the lectures “0019East Asia Part 1” and “0020East Asia Part 2,” and select “View in iTunes” for each lecture.  View Parts 1 and 2 for an introduction to the physical, cultural, political, and economic characteristics of the East Asia region.
     
    Watching both lectures and pausing to take notes should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

10.1.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”   

10.1.2 River Basins of China   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “River Basins of China.”  

10.1.2.1 The Yangtse River   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Yangtze River.”  

10.1.2.2 Three Gorges Dam (The New China Dam)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term as well as the text in the box titled “Three Gorges Dam (The New China Dam).”

10.1.3 Chinese Dynasties and Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Chinese Dynasties and Colonialism

10.1.3.1 The Han Dynasty   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Han Dynasty.”   

10.1.3.2 The Qing (Manchu) Dynasty   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Qing (Manchu) Dynasty.”   

10.1.3.3 The Silk Road   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Silk Road.”   

10.1.3.4 The Opium Wars   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Opium Wars.”   

10.1.3.5 Formosa (Now Called Taiwan)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Formosa (Now Called Taiwan).”  

10.1.3.6 The Boxer Rebellion   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Boxer Rebellion.”   

10.1.4 Three Way Split in China   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Three Way Split in China.”

10.1.4.1 The Long March of 1934   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Long March of 1934.” Study Figure 10.10.  

10.1.4.2 The Emergence of Communist China in 1949   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.1.  Study Figure 10.10, and review the paragraph below the figure.

10.2 Emerging China   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.2: Emerging China” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.2: Emerging China” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 10.2 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 10.2.1 through 10.2.4.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the cultural and economic characteristics of China.  In addition, the reading explores the One-Child-Only Policy and discusses the policy’s impact on Chinese culture.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

10.2.1 The Emergence of Modern China   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Emergence of Modern China.”  

10.2.1.1 The Great Leap Forward   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Great Leap Forward.”  

10.2.1.2 The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.”   

10.2.1.3 The Bamboo Curtain   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Bamboo Curtain.”   

10.2.2 Political Units   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Political Units.”   

10.2.3 The People   Note: This topic is also covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The People.”   

  • Lecture: TED Talks: “Yang Lan: The Generation that’s Remaking China” Link: TED Talks: “Yang Lan: The Generation that’s Remaking China” (Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and watch this TED Talks lecture regarding the next generation of young Chinese citizens.

    Watching this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 30 minutes to complete.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

10.2.4 Population   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading “Population” under the heading “The People.”   

10.2.4 Economic Summary of China   Note: This topic is also covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Economic Summary of China.”  

10.2.4.1 Growth of Enterprise and Industry   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Growth of Enterprise and Industry,” under the “Economic Summary of China” heading.

10.2.4.1 One-Child-Only Policy   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “One-Child-Only Policy,” under the heading “The People.”   

10.2.4.2 Geopolitics   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Geopolitics,” under the “Economic Summary of China” heading.    

10.2.4.2 Female Infanticide   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Female Infanticide,” under the heading “The People.”      

10.2.4.3 More Boys than Girls: Cultural Issues   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “More Boys than Girls: Cultural Issues,” under the heading “The People.”   

10.2.4.4 Periphery-to-Core Migration   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Periphery-to-Core Migration,” under the heading “The People.”   

10.2.5 Ethnic Groups   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Ethnic Groups.” 

  • Lecture: TED Talks: “Martin Jacques: Understanding the Rise of China” Link: TED Talks: “Martin Jacques: Understanding the Rise of China” (Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and watch this TED Talks lecture regarding the phenomenal rise of the Chinese economy.  Specifically, Martin Jacques introduces three building blocks for understanding what China is and what China will become.

    Watching this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 30 minutes to complete.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

10.3 China's Periphery   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.3: China’s Periphery” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.3: China’s Periphery” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 10.3 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 10.3.1 through 10.3.4.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of China’s peripheral regions, including Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Taiwan, Mongolia, and Tibet.  In addition, the reading explores the many challenges that Tibet has experienced in becoming an autonomous region of China.  Finally, the reading seeks to explain why the peripheral regions of Tibet, Hong Kong, and Taiwan are important to the Chinese government and the vitality of the country.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

10.3.1 Hong Kong and Shenzhen   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Hong Kong and Shenzhen.”

10.3.2 Taiwan (ROC)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Taiwan (ROC).”   

10.3.3 Autonomous Region of Tibet   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Autonomous Region of Tibet.”   

10.3.3.1 Panchen Lama   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Panchen Lama.” 

10.3.3.2 Who is the Dalai Lama?   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  In particular, focus on the text in the box titled “Who is the Dalai Lama?”  

10.3.3.3 Population   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  Focus on the eighth paragraph under the heading, “Autonomous Region of Tibet.”  Also, study Figure 10.23.

10.3.3.4 The Core Peripheral Spatial Relationship of Tibet to China   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  Study Figure 10.23 and read the paragraph below the figure under the heading, “Autonomous Region of Tibet.”

10.3.4 Mongolia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Mongolia.”  

10.4 Japan and Korea (North and South)   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.4: Japan and Korea (North and South) Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 10: East Asia:” “Section 10.4: Japan and Korea (North and South)” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 10.4 as well as the end of chapter material in Section 10.5.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 10.4.1 through 10.4.4.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Japan, North Korea, and South Korea.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

10.4.1 Japan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Japan.”   

10.4.1.1 The Development of Japan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Development of Japan.”  

10.4.1.2 Economic Growth   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Economic Growth.”

10.4.1.3 Modern Japan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Modern Japan.”   

10.4.2 North Korea   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the headings, “Korea” and “North Korea.”

10.4.3 South Korea   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the headings, “Korea” and “South Korea.”

10.4.4 Unification of North Korea and South Korea   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 10.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Unification of North Korea and South Korea.”