Loading...

GEOG101: World Regional Geography

Unit 9: South Asia   Of the world’s seven continents, Asia is the largest.  Its physical landscapes, political units, and ethnic groups are both numerous and wide-ranging.  The entire region of Asia consists of Russia, Southwest Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. 

The South Asia realm was the birthplace of two of the world’s great religions: Hinduism and Buddhism.  Today South Asia also includes large Muslim populations and large groups of followers of various other religions.  Hinduism, Islam, and Buddhism are the top three religions of South Asia.  While Pakistan and Iran are both Islamic republics, each represents a significant branch of that faith; Iran is predominantly Shia, and Pakistan is mostly Sunni.  Religious differences are also evident on the eastern border of the realm, where Bangladesh and India share a border with Myanmar.  Bangladesh is mainly a Muslim country, while most in India align themselves with Hinduism.  In Myanmar, most follow Buddhist traditions.  In addition, Sikhism is a major religion in the Punjab region, which is located on India’s northern border with Pakistan.

In this unit, you will explore and analyze the incredibly diverse physical, cultural, political, and economic characteristics of South Asia.  First, you will take a look at the physical geography of the region, paying special attention to the climate of the realm; in particular, the Indian Monsoon.  Next, you will explore regional population growth.  The balancing of natural capital and population growth is and will remain a primary issue in the realm’s future.  South Asia is highly populated, with about one-and-a-half billion people representing a wide range of ethnic and cultural groups.  The diverse population has been brought together into political units that have roots in the realm’s colonial past, primarily under Great Britain.  British colonialism had a significant impact on the realm; its long-term effects include political divisions and conflicts in places such as Kashmir and Sri Lanka.  After you explore population, you will then identify and analyze globalizing forces in the realm.  Current globalizing forces are compelling South Asian countries to establish a trade network and institute economic policies among themselves.  South Asia is not one of the three main economic core areas of the world; however, it is emerging to compete in the world marketplace.  Some would call India a part of the semi-periphery, which means it is not actually in the core or in the periphery but displays qualities of both.  India remains the dominant country of South Asia and shares either a physical boundary or a marine boundary with all the other countries in the realm.  Finally, you will take an in-depth look at different physical and cultural characteristics of specific countries within the realm, paying special attending to religions of India and South Asia.

Unit 9 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 12 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 9.1: 5.25 hours ☐    Introduction: 5.5 hours

☐    Sub-subunit 9.1.2: 0.25 hours
 

☐    Subunit 9.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 9.3: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 9.4: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 9.5: 1.75 hours

Unit9 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Summarize the physical geography of South Asia.  - Identify the main physical feature and attributes of each country in the realm.  - Explain the dynamics of the monsoon and how it affects human activities. - Compare the early civilizations of South Asia to today. - Describe how European colonialism impacted the realm.  - Explain why rapid population growth is a concern for the countries of South Asia. - Discuss how and why Kashmir is divided and its importance to the region. - Describe how cultural differences in religion and ethnicity continue to cause conflict and division in the peripheral states of South Asia. - Describe how tourism has been a means of gaining wealth for the peripheral states of South Asia. - Summarize the main environmental concerns that are apparent in each of the peripheral states of South Asia. - Discuss how Pakistan and Bangladesh are similar in their populations and economic dynamics but different in their physical environments. - Describe the various regions of Pakistan and their physical and cultural landscapes. - Outline the main environmental issues that confront Pakistan and Bangladesh. - Discuss the history of why East Pakistan became Bangladesh. - Summarize the main economic activities and economic conditions in India. - Describe the differences between various geographic regions of India. - Explain the measures the Indian government has taken to protect the biodiversity of India. - Outline the basic activities of British colonialism that affected India. - Identify, compare, and contrast the basic religions of India and South Asia.

9.1 Introducing the Realm   - Activity: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Asia” Link: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Asia” (HTML)

 Instructions: Click on the link above to be taken to a website
where you can test your geographic map skills.  Once at the website,
click on the “Asia” icon.  Next, underneath the “Landscape” column,
click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions L – *Tutorial*.”  When
you feel comfortable with your regional knowledge of Asia, go back
to the Asia game choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column,
click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions G – *Game.*”  Your goal
is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!  
    
 Once you have successfully completed the Landscape quiz, go back to
the Asia game choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column, click
on the “Play!” button for “Rivers L – *Tutorial.*” Complete the
Tutorial.  When you feel comfortable, go back to the Asia game
choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!”
button for “Rivers G – *Game.*”  Your goal is to score at least a
70%.  Good luck!  
    
 Once you have successfully completed the Rivers quiz, go back to
the Asia game choices, and underneath the “Countries” column, click
on the “Play!” button for “Level L – *Tutorial*.”  When you feel
comfortable, go back to the Asia game choices, and underneath the
“Countries” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level 1 –
*Beginner*.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%. Good luck!  
    
 This activity should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to
complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.1: Introduction to the Realm” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.1: Introduction to the Realm” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 9.1 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading also covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 9.1.1 through 9.1.5.
     
    This reading provides and introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the nations of South Asia, paying special attention to the dynamics of the monsoon and how it affects human activities.  In addition, the reading explores how European colonialism has impacted the realm, both culturally and politically.
     
    Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “South Asia: Part 1” and “World Regional Geography:” “South Asia: Part 2” Link: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “South Asia: Part 1” (iTunes U) and “World Regional Geography:” “South Asia: Part 2” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links above, locate the lectures titled “0021South Asia Part 1” and “0022South Asia Part 2,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch each lecture.  View Parts 1 and 2 for an introduction to the physical, cultural, and political characteristics of the realm known as “South Asia.” 
     
    Watching these video lectures and pausing to take notes should take approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.1.1 Physical Geograpy   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”   

9.1.2 The Monsoon   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Monsoon.”

9.1.2.1 Reasons for the Monsoon   - Lecture: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Monsoon Asia: Monsoon Winds” Link: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Monsoon Asia: Monsoon Winds” (iTunes U)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lecture titled “Monsoon Asia: Monsoon Winds,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lecture.  View the entire video for an introduction to how and why monsoonal winds form.
 
Watching this lecture (several times as needed) should take less than 15 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.1.2.2 Flooding Associated with the Monsoon Season   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  Focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “monsoon,” as well as the second paragraph below the heading “The Monsoon.”

9.1.3 Early Civilizations   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Early Civilizations.”   

9.1.3.1 Indus Valley Civilization   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Indus Valley Civilization

9.1.3.2 The Mauryan Experience   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Mauryan Empire

9.1.3.3 Mughal Empire   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Mughal Empire.”   

9.1.4 Colonialism in South Asia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Colonialism in South Asia.”   

9.1.5 Population in South Asia and India   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Population in South Asia and India.”   

9.2 The Peripheral States of South Asia   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.2: The Peripheral States of South Asia” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.2: The Peripheral States of South Asia” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 9.2 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 9.2.1 through 9.2.6. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the peripheral states of South Asia, including Kashmir, Bhutan, and Nepal.  In addition, the reading explores the main environmental concerns that are apparent in each of the peripheral states of South Asia.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

9.2.1 The Punjab   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Punjab.”  

9.2.1.1 Sikhism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the fourth and fifth paragraphs below the heading, “The Punjab.”

9.2.1.2 Khalistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Khalistan.”   

9.2.2 The Kingdom of Kashmir   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Kingdom of Kashmir.”   

9.2.2.1 Northern Control: Pakistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Kingdom of Kashmir.”  Study Figure 9.8.

9.2.2.2 Southern Control: India   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2. In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Kingdom of Kashmir.”  Study Figure 9.8.  

9.2.2.3 Eastern Control: China   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Kingdom of Kashmir.”  Study Figure 9.8

9.2.3 The Kingdom of Bhutan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Kingdom of Bhutan.”   

9.2.3.1 Buddhism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  Focus on the fourth paragraph below the heading, “The Kingdom of Bhutan.”

9.2.3.2 Gross National Happiness (GNH)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Gross National Happiness (GNH).” **

9.2.4 The Kingdom of Nepal   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Kingdom of Nepal.”   

9.2.4.1 Tarai Lowlands   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Tarai Lowlands.”   

9.2.4.2 Mt. Everest   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Mt. Everest.” 

9.2.4.3 Pashupatinath Temple   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Pashupatinath Temple.” 

9.2.5 Sri Lanka   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Sri Lanka.”

9.2.5.1 The Sinhalese People   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Sinhalese.”   

9.2.5.2 Ceylon   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Ceylon.”   

9.2.5.3 Tamil Tigers   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Tamil Tigers.” 

9.2.6 The Maldives   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Maldives.”   

9.3 Pakistan and Bangladesh   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.3: Pakistan and Bangladesh” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.3: Pakistan and Bangladesh” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 9.3 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 9.3.1 through 9.3.8.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Pakistan and Bangladesh.  In addition, the reading explores the history of why East Pakistan became Bangladesh.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

9.3.1 Pakistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Pakistan.”

9.3.2 Regions of Pakistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Regions of Pakistan.”  

9.3.2.1 The Punjab   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Punjab.”   

9.3.2.2 Baluchistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Baluchistan.” 

9.3.2.3 The Sindh   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Sindh.” 

9.3.2.4 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (The North West Frontier)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (The North West Frontier).”

9.3.2.5 The Tribal Areas   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Tribal Areas.”   

9.3.2.6 Northern Areas with Disputed Kashmir   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Northern Areas with Disputed Kashmir.”  

9.3.3 Religions and Politics in Pakistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Religion and Politics in Pakistan.”  

9.3.3.1 Madrassas   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Madrassas.”   

9.3.3.2 Benazir Bhutto: the First Female Prime Minister of Pakistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text in the box titled “Benazir Bhutto: The First Female Prime Minister of Pakistan.”

9.3.4 Environmental Issues in Pakistan   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Environmental Issues in Pakistan.”   

9.3.5 Bangladesh   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Bangladesh.”

9.3.6 Population and Globalization   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Population and Globalization.”   

9.3.7 Environmental Issues   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Environmental Issues.”   

9.3.8 Women and Banking in Bangladesh   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.3.  In particular, focus on the text in the box titled “Women and Banking in Bangladesh.”

9.4 India   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.4: India” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.4: India” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 9.4 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 9.4.1 through 9.4.7. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of India.  In addition, the reading explores the how British colonialism has affected India culturally, economically, and politically.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Monsoon Asia: Language” Link: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Monsoon Asia: Language” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lecture titled “Monsoon Asia: Language,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lecture.  View the entire video for an introduction to the distribution of language across India and other parts of Asia.
     
    Watching this lecture (several times as needed) should take less than 5 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: TED Talks: “Devdutt Pattanaik: East vs. West – the Myths that Mystify” Link: TED Talks: “Devdutt Pattanaik: East vs. West – the Myths that Mystify” (Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and watch this TED Talks lecture regarding the myths of India and the west.  Devdutt Pattanaik shows how fundamental differences in cultural beliefs consistently contribute to cultural misunderstandings.

    Watching this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 25 minutes to complete.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use on the webpage displayed above.

9.4.1 India and Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “India and Colonialism.” 

9.4.2 The People of India   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The People of India.”  

9.4.3 Urban versus Rural   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Urban versus Rural.”  

9.4.4 India's Economic Situation   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “India’s Economic Situation.”

9.4.4.1 Vehicle Manufacturing   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Vehicle Manufacturing.”   

9.4.4.2 The Indian Cinema   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Indian Cinema.”   

9.4.5 India: East and West   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “India: East and West.”   

9.4.6 India: North and South   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “India: North and South.”   

9.4.7 Biodiversity and the Environment   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Biodiversity and the Environment.”   

9.5 Religions of India and South Asia   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.5: Religions of India and South Asia” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 9: South Asia:” “Section 9.5: Religions of India and South Asia” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 9.5 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, read all of the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 9.5.1 through 9.5.4. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the basic religions of India and South Asia, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity.
 
Reading and answering associated Discussion Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Monsoon Asia: Religion” Link: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Monsoon Asia: Religion” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lecture titled “Monsoon Asia: Religion,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lecture.  View the brief video for an introduction to religions in India and South Asia.
     
    Watching this lecture (several times as needed) should take less than 15 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

9.5.1 Hinduism   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Hinduism.”  

9.5.2 The Hindu Caste System   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Hindu Caste System.”  

9.5.3 Buddhism   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Buddhism.”   

9.5.4 Other Religions in South Asia   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.” 

9.5.4.1 Islam   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading “Islam” under the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.”  

9.5.4.2 Christianity   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Christianity” under the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.”      

9.5.4.3 Jainism   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Jainism” under the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.”      

9.5.4.4 Sikhism   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Sikhism” under the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.”      

9.5.4.5 Baha'i Faith   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Baha’i Faith” under the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.”      

9.5.4.6 Zoroastrianism   Note: This topic covered by the reading assigned below subunit 9.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Zoroastrianism” under the heading, “Other Religions of South Asia.”