Loading...

GEOG101: World Regional Geography

Unit 6: South America   The continent of South America has diverse physical landscapes, from the high Andes Mountains to the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin.  This assortment of physical features offers many natural resources. An abundance of precious metals and fossil fuels, for example, are located in Venezuela and Columbia, while the Amazon Basin is a source of lumber.  More recently, some of the largest iron-ore mines in the world were discovered in the Amazon Basin.  The massive plains of Brazil and the rich soils of the Pampas allow for enormous agricultural operations that provide food products for the continent and for the world.  Even the inhospitable Atacama region in northern Chile holds some of the world’s largest copper reserves.  In addition, the wide variety of climate zones allows for a diverse ecosystem.  The extremes in physical geography in South America have created both barriers and opportunities to those who live there.

Unit 6 begins with the exploration of the diverse physical characteristics of the South American realm.  You will also discover how South America’s colonial legacy shaped its early cultural landscape, and how European colonialism dominated the realm and divided the continent.  Next, the unit explores unique cultural regions of South America and how these regions influence globalization and trade.

Unit 6 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 6.25 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 6.1: 1.75 hours

☐    Subunit 6.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 6.3: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 6.4: 1.5 hours

Unit6 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Summarize the main physical features and characteristics of South America. - Analyze colonial domination within the realm, and the division of the continent. - Identify the main cultural realms of South America.  - Summarize the production of the three main export products of Colombia, and explain the United States’ role in their export. - Compare the three main countries in the Andean West region of South America, describe how they gained their wealth, and identify who has benefited the most from that wealth. - Discuss how Paraguay’s geographical setting has allowed it to gain wealth and provided opportunities for its people. - Summarize the ethnic composition of Brazil and discuss why the population is so diverse. - Describe the main activities that are involved in the development and exploitation of the Amazon Basin.  - List the physical characteristics of the various regions of Brazil. - Describe the economic activities of the various regions of Brazil. - Summarize the main physical features and regions of the Southern Cone. - Explain the pattern of immigration that created the regional heritage of the Southern Cone. - Explain why Argentina has great potential for economic growth. - Discuss how Chile has emerged as a strong and stable country.

6.1 Introducing the Realm   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.1: Introducing the Realm” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.1: Introducing the Realm” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 6.1 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 6.1.1 through 6.1.4.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of South America.  In addition, the reading explores colonial domination in the realm, and how this domination influenced cultural differences and similarities across the region. 
 
Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

6.1.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”

6.1.2 European Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “European Colonialism.”

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Language” and “Latin America: Religion” Link: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Language” (iTunes U) and “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Religion” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the links above, locate the lectures titled “Latin America: Language” and “Latin America: Religion,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lectures.  View the first video lecture for an introduction to languages across the region.  View the second video for an introduction to how European Colonialism affected the distribution of religion in Latin America.
     
    Watching these lectures (several times as needed) and pausing to take notes should take less than 15 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.1.2.1 The Inca Empire and Francisco Pizarro   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Inca Empire and Francisco Pizarro.”

6.1.2.2 The Iberian Division of the Continent   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Iberian Division of the Continent.”

6.1.2.3 Colonialism and the Guiana's   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Colonialism and the Guiana’s.”

6.1.2.4 Guyana   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Guyana.”

6.1.2.5 Suriname   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Suriname.”

6.1.2.6 French Giuana   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “French Guiana.”

6.1.3 Cultural Regions of South America   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Cultural Regions of South America.”

6.1.3.1 Tropical Plantation Region   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tropical Plantation Region.”

6.1.3.2 Rural Amerindian Region   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Rural Amerindian Region.”

6.1.3.3 Amazon Basin   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Amazon Basin.”

6.1.3.4 Mixed Mestizo Region   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Mixed Mestizo Region.”

6.1.3.5 European Commercial Region (Southern Cone)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “European Commercial Region (Southern Cone).”

6.1.4 Globalization and Trade   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Globalization and Trade.”

6.2 Urban North and Andean West   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.2: Urban North and Andean West” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.2: Urban North and Andean West” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 6.2
in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture
assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion
Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in
mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This
reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 6.2.1
through 6.2.4.   

 This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural,
and economic characteristics of the Urban North and Andean West
regions of South America, including Colombia and Paraguay.  In
addition, the reading reviews the three main export products of
Colombia and what role the United States plays in their export.   
    
 Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions
should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.  
    
 Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under
a [Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) without
attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

6.2.1 Venezuela: Oil, Politics and Globalization   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Venezuela: Oil, Politics, and Globalization.”

6.2.2 Colombia: Drugs, Coffee, and Oil   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Colombia: Drugs, Coffee, and Oil.”

6.2.2.1 Colombia and the Drug Trade   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Colombia and the Drug Trade.”

6.2.2.2 Colombian Coffee and Oil   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Colombian Coffee and Oil.”

6.2.3 Rural Amerindian State of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Rural Amerindian States of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.”

6.2.3.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Physical Geography.”

6.2.3.2 Economic Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Economic Geography.”

6.2.3.3 Tourism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tourism.”

6.2.3.4 Political Issues   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Political Issues.”

6.2.3.5 Population and Culture   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Population and Culture.”

6.2.4 Paraguay   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Paraguay.”

6.3 Brazil   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.3: Brazil” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.3: Brazil” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 6.3 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 6.3.1 through 6.3.4. 
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Brazil, including an analysis of the ethnically diverse composition of Brazil.  In addition, the reading explores the development and exploitation of the Amazon Basin.
 
Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

6.3.1 A Portuguese Colony   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assignedbelow subunit 6.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “A Portuguese Colony.”

6.3.2 Southeast Core: Urbanize and Industrialize   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assignedbelow subunit 6.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Southeast Core: Urbanize and Industrialize.”   

6.3.3 Northern Periphery: The Amazon Basin   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assignedbelow subunit 6.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Northern Periphery: The Amazon Basin.”   

6.3.4 Regional Brazil   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assignedbelow subunit 6.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Regional Brazil.”

6.4 The Southern Cone   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.4: The Southern Cone” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 6: South America:” “Section 6.4: The Southern Cone” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 6.4 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading assignment covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 6.4.1 through 6.4.3.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the South American region known as the Southern Cone (including Argentina and Chile).  In addition, the reading explores the pattern of immigration that created the regional heritage of the Southern Cone.
 
Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

6.4.1 Uruguay   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Uruguay.”

6.4.2 Argentina   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Argentina.”

6.4.2.1 Physical Regions   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Physical Regions.”

6.4.2.2 Population and Culture   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Population and Culture.”

6.4.2.3 People and Politics   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “People and Politics.”

6.4.3 Chile   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Chile.”

6.4.3.1 The Rain Shadow Effect   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Rain Shadow Effect.”

6.4.3.2 Socioeconomic Conditions   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Socioeconomic Conditions.”

6.4.3.3 Chile and NAFTA   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 6.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Chile and NAFTA.”