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GEOG101: World Regional Geography

Unit 5: Middle America   Middle America, the geographic realm between the United States and the continent of South America, consists of three main regions: the Caribbean, Mexico, and the Central American republics.  The Caribbean region, the most culturally diverse of the three, consists of more than seven thousand islands that stretch from the Bahamas to Barbados.  The four largest islands of the Caribbean make up the Greater Antilles, which include Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico.  Hispaniola is made up of two halves: Haiti in the west and the Dominican Republic in the east.  The smaller islands, extending all the way to South America, make up the Lesser Antilles.  The island that is farthest south is Trinidad, just off the coast of Venezuela.  The islands of the Bahamas are situated closest to the U.S. mainland, located in the Atlantic Ocean, and associated with the Caribbean region.

Central America refers to the seven states south of Mexico: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.  The Pacific Ocean borders Central America to the west, and the Caribbean Sea borders these countries to the east.  While most of the republics have both a Caribbean and a Pacific coastline, Belize has only a Caribbean coast, and El Salvador has only a Pacific coast.

Your journey through Middle America begins with the exploration of the physical characteristics of this region.  You will distinguish between the Mayan and Aztec Empires and identify the impact of European colonialism in Middle America, with particular attention to Spanish influence in urban development.  The unit ends with an exploration of physical and cultural characteristics of specific regions of the realm, including Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.  In this unit, you will also take a look at regional climatology, focusing on the development and movement of tropical cyclones. 

Unit 5 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 15.25 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 5.1: 3.5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 2.5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.3: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 5.4: 4 hours ☐    Activity: 1 hour

☐    Reading: 1.5 hours

☐    Lecture: 1.5 hours
 

☐    Subunit 5.5: 2.25 hours

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Describe the differences between the Rimland and the Mainland of Middle America. - Summarize the impact of European colonialism in Middle America. - Distinguish between the Mayan and Aztec empires. - Describe Spanish influence in urban development across Middle America. - Describe the physical geography of Mexico, identifying the core and peripheral areas. - Outline the socioeconomic classes in Mexico and explain the ethnic differences of each. - Explain how the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and maquiladoras have influenced economic and employment situations in Mexico. - Discuss how drug cartels are integrated into the Mexican economy. - Describe ways in which the physical environment has affected human activity in Central America. - Discuss how the United States has affected Middle America. - Compare and contrast the Central American republics. - Explain the reasons for constructing the Panama Canal.  - Explain the United States’ involvement with Panama. - Describe the effect of colonialism in Middle America. - Explain the United States’ reasons for having an embargo against Cuba. - Explain why tourism is the largest source of economic development in the Caribbean. - List some genres of music that emerged from the Caribbean. - Explain how, why, and where hurricanes form. - Describe the potential danger of hurricanes.

5.1 Introducing the Realm   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.1: Introducing the Realm” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.1: Introducing the Realm” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 5.1 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 5.1.1 through 5.1.3.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the physical and cultural characteristics of Middle America.  In addition, the reading explores how European colonialism impacted and influenced Middle America, including the Spanish influence in urban developments across the realm.
 
Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Parts 1 and 2” Link: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Parts 1 and 2” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lectures titled “05Latin America Part 1” and “06Latin America Part 2,” and select “View in iTunes” for each lecture.  Watch Parts 1 and 2 in their entirety for an introduction to the physical and cultural characteristics of Latin America.  These lectures also include the core content for Unit 6: South America.
     
    Viewing these lectures and pausing to take notes should take approximately 2 hours to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.1.1 Physical Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Geography.”

5.1.2 The Rimland and the Mainland   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.1.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “The Rimland and the Mainland”.

5.1.3 The European Invasion   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The European Invasion.”

5.1.3.1 The Maya and the Aztec   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Maya and the Aztec.”

5.1.3.2 Spanish Conquest of 1519-1521   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Spanish Conquest of 1519-1521.”

5.1.3.3 The Spanish Colonial City   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.1.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Spanish Colonial City.”

5.2 Mexico   - Activity: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Mexico” Link: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Mexico” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Click on the link above to be taken to a website where you can test your geographic map skills.  Once at the website, click on the “Mexico” icon.  Next, underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions L – Tutorial.”  When you feel comfortable with your regional knowledge of Mexico, go back to the Mexico game choices, and underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions G – Game.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
Once you have successfully completed the Landscape quiz, go back to the Mexico game choices, and underneath the “States” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level L – Tutorial.” Complete the Tutorial.  When you feel comfortable, go back to the Mexico game choices, and underneath the “States” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level 1 – Beginner.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
This activity should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.2: Mexico” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.2: Mexico” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 5.2 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 5.2.1 through 5.2.5.
     
    This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Mexico.  In addition, the reading explores how the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and maquiladoras have influenced economic and employment situations in Mexico.  Finally, the reading examines how drug cartels are integrated into the Mexican economy.
     
    Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

5.2.1 Physical Characteristics   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Characteristics.”

5.2.2 The Core versus the Periphery   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Core Versus the Periphery.”

5.2.3 Mexican Social Order   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Mexican Social Order.”

5.2.4 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and Maquiladoras   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “NAFTA and Maquiladoras.”

5.2.4.1 NAFTA   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “NAFTA and Maquiladoras.” Make sure you are able to define NAFTA after this reading.

5.2.4.2 Maquiladoras   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “maquiladoras,” under the heading, “NAFTA and Maquiladoras.”

5.2.4.3 The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA),” under the heading “NAFTA and Maquiladoras.”

5.2.4.4 Chiapas, NAFTA, and the Zapatista National Liberation Army (ZNLA)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text in the box titled “Chiapas and NAFTA.”

5.2.5 Illegal Drug Trafficking in Mexico   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.2.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Illegal Drug Trafficking in Mexico.”

5.3 Central America   - Activity: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Central and South America” Link: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: Central and South America” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Click on the link above to be taken to a website where you can test your geographic map skills.  Once at the website, click on the “Central and South American” icon.  Next, underneath the “Landscapes” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions L – Tutorial” (NOTE: if there is no “Play!” button, then click on the “dialup version” link).  When you feel comfortable with your regional knowledge of Central and South America, go back to the Central and South American game choices.  Underneath the “Landscape” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Georegions G – Game.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
Once you have successfully completed the Landscape quiz, go back to the Central and South American game choices, and underneath the “Countries” heading, click on the “Play!” button for “Level L – Tutorial.” Complete the Tutorial.  When you feel comfortable, go back to the Central and South American game choices, and underneath the “Countries” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level 1 – Beginner.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
This activity should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.3: Central America” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.3: Central America” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 5.3 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 5.3.1 through 5.3.5.
     
    This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of Central America. In addition, the reading explores how the United States has affected and influenced Central America, both economically and culturally.
     
    Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

5.3.1 Physical Environment   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Physical Environment.”

5.3.1.1 Altitudinal Zonation   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Altitudinal Zonation.”  Study Figure 5.17.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Environmental Conditions” Link: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Environmental Conditions” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lecture titled “Latin America: Environmental Conditions,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lecture.  View the entire lecture for an introduction to altitudinal zonation in the region.
     
    Watching this lecture (several times as needed) and pausing to take notes should take less than 15 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.3.1.2 Tierra Caliente (Hot Land)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tierra Caliente (Hot Land).”

5.3.1.3 Tierra Templada (Temperate Land)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tierra Templada (Temperate Land).”

5.3.1.4 Tierra Fria (Cold Land)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tierra Fria (Cold Land).”

5.3.1.5 Tierra Helada (Frozen Land)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tierra Helada (Frozen Land).”

5.3.1.6 Tierra Nevada (Snowy Land)   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Tierra Nevada (Snowy Land).”

5.3.2 European Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “European Colonialism.”

5.3.3 People and Population   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “People and Population.”

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Population” Link: iTunes U: Indiana University Southeast: Professor Clint Franklin’s “World Regional Geography:” “Latin America: Population” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lecture titled “Latin America: Population,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lecture.  View the entire lecture for an introduction to population distribution across Latin America.
     
    Watching this lecture (several times as needed) and pausing to take notes should take approximately 15 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.3.4 Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and Neo-Colonialism   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “CAFTA and Neo-Colonialism.”

5.3.5 The Republics: Diverse Political Geography   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Republics: Diverse Political Geography.”

5.3.5.1 Guatemala   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Guatemala.”

5.3.5.2 El Salvador   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “El Salvador.”

5.3.5.3 Nicaragua   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Nicaragua.”

5.3.5.4 Honduras   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Honduras.”

5.3.5.5 Costa Rica   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Costa Rica.”

5.3.5.6 Belize   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Belize.”

5.3.5.7 Panama and the Panama Canal   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.3.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Panama and the Panama Canal.”

5.4 The Caribbean   - Activity: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: The Caribbean” Link: Sheppard Software’s “Geography Games: The Caribbean”
 
Instructions: Click on the link above to be taken to a website where you can test your geographic map skills.  Once at the website, click on the “The Caribbean” icon.  Next, underneath the “Countries” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level L – Tutorial.”  When you feel comfortable with your knowledge of the Caribbean, go back to the Caribbean game choices, and underneath the “Countries” column, click on the “Play!” button for “Level 1 – Beginner.”  Your goal is to score at least a 70%.  Good luck!
 
This activity should take approximately 1 hour to complete.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.4: The Caribbean” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.4: The Caribbean” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 5.4 in its entirety.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 5.4.1 through 5.4.3.
     
    This reading provides an introduction to the physical, cultural, and economic characteristics of the countries within the Caribbean, including Cuba.  In addition, the reading will explore how colonialism influenced culture and politics in the realm.
     
    Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “The Caribbean: Parts 1 and 2” Link: iTunes U: Binghamton University: Professor Mark Reisinger’s “World Regional Geography:” “The Caribbean: Parts 1 and 2” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lectures titled “07The Caribbean Part 1” and “08The Caribbean Part 2,” and select “View in iTunes” to launch the lectures.  Watch both Parts 1 and 2 in their entirety for an introduction to the physical and cultural characteristics of the Caribbean region.
     
    Viewing these lectures and pausing to take notes should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.4.1 European Colonialism in the Caribbean   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “European Colonialism in the Caribbean.”

5.4.2 The Great Antilles   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “The Greater Antilles.”

5.4.2.1 Cuba: A Rimland Experience   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Cuba: A Rimland Experience.” 

5.4.2.2 The Cuban Revolution   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Cuban Revolution.”

5.4.2.3 The US Embargo Era   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The US Embargo Era.”

5.4.2.4 A Post-Castro Cuba   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “A Post-Castro Cuba.”

5.4.2.5 The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.”  

5.4.2.6 Haitia and the Dominican Republic   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Hispaniola: Haiti and the Dominican Republic.”

5.4.2.7 Jamaica   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Jamaica.”

5.4.3 Tourism and Economic Activity in the Rimland   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Tourism and Economic Activity in the Rimland.”   

5.4.3.1 Offshore Banking   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Offshore Banking.”

5.4.3.2 Caribbean Music   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.4.  In particular, focus on the text below the subheading, “Caribbean Music.”

5.5 Special Topic: Tropical Cyclones (Hurricanes)   - Reading: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.5: Tropical Cyclones (Hurricanes)” Link: World Regional Geography: People, Places, and Globalization: “Chapter 5: Middle America:” “Section 5.5: Tropical Cyclones (Hurricanes)” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on the link above, and read Section 5.5 as well as the end of chapter material in Section 5.6.  Before you begin the reading and lecture assignments for this subunit, review the Study and Discussion Questions.  Then, answer these questions and keep these questions in mind as you read through the text and watch the lectures.  This reading covers the topics outlined in sub-subunits 5.5.1 through 5.6.
 
This reading provides an introduction to the origin, development, and physical characteristics of hurricanes.
 
Reading and answering the associated Discussion and Study Questions should take you approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes to complete.
 
Terms of Use: This text was adapted by The Saylor Foundation under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License without attribution as requested by the work’s original creator or licensee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh: Professor Laura Carnahan’s “Weather and Climate” Link: iTunes U: University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh: Professor Laura Carnahan’s “Weather and Climate” (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please click on the link above, locate the lecture titled “Lecture 19 – Hurricanes,” and select the “View in iTunes” to launch the lecture.  View the entire lecture for an introduction to hurricane dynamics; specifically, how hurricanes form, how they move, and why the eventually dissipate.
     
    Watching this lecture and pausing to take notes should take approximately 45 minutes to complete.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.5.1 Hurricane Dynamics   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  In particular, focus on the text below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics.”  Study Figure 5.36.

5.5.1.1 Saffir-Simpson Hurrican Scale   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  Focus on the fourth paragraph below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics.”  Study Figure 5.37.

5.5.1.2 Example Storms   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  In particular, focus on the text below Figure 5.37 that discusses examples of hurricanes.

5.5.1.3.1 Hurricane Camille   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  Focus on the seventh paragraph below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics” to learn about Hurricane Camille.

5.5.1.3.2 Hurrican Katrina   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  Focus on the seventh paragraph below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics” to learn about Hurricane Katrina.

5.5.1.3.3 Hurricanes Ike, Gustav, and Paloma   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  Focus on the ninth paragraph below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics” to learn about Hurricanes Ike, Gustav, and Paloma.

5.5.2 Typhoon   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “typhoon.” Also, review the fifth and sixth paragraphs below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics” to learn about the devastation that typhoons cause.

5.5.3 Cyclone   Note: This topic is covered by the reading assigned below subunit 5.5.  In particular, focus on the text surrounding the bolded term, “cyclone.” Also, review the fifth and sixth paragraphs below the heading, “Hurricane Dynamics” to learn about the devastation that cyclones cause.