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ENGL412: Restoration & Eighteenth-century Drama

Unit 3: German Drama: Sturm Und Drang & Other Developments   In the last unit, we studied English drama through a variety of lenses (cultural, political, generic, social).  In this unit we will turn our attention to simultaneous developments in the theater of Germany during the long-eighteenth century.  Here, we will explore the “Sturm und Drang” tradition in Germany as well as German historical drama and tragedy of the period.

Unit3 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Define and describe eighteenth-century German drama and especially the drama of the “Strum und Drang” movement.
  • Identify and describe the work of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and compare and contrast this work to that of Friedrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

3.1 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing   3.1.1 German Theater in the Eighteenth Century: Sturm und Drang   - Reading: TheatreDatabase.com’s “Sturm und Drang” Link:  TheatreDatabase.com’s “Sturm und Drang”(HTML)
 
Also available in:
ePub format on Google Books (pg 307)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of TheatreDatabase.com’s introduction to German eighteenth-century drama.  In your own words, define the “Sturm und Drang” tradition in Germany.  What does “Sturm und Drang” translate as in English? 
 
About the Link:  TheatreDatabase.com, a website dedicated to the history of theater, has made this introduction to German eighteenth-century theater available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.1.2 Lessing’s Emilia Galotti   - Reading: Gotthold Ephraim Lessing’s Emilia Galotti Link:  Gotthold Ephraim Lessing’s Emilia Galotti(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Lessing’s Emilia Galotti.  How do you understand this play in the context of the Sturm und Drang tradition in Germany? 
 
About the Link:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Lessing’s play available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.1.3 Enacting Lessing: Themes, Ideas, and Performance   - Reading: The New York Times: Jonathan Kalb’s “A Tale of Sex and Death, Stripped to its Core” Link:  The New York Times:  Jonathan Kalb’s “A Tale of Sex and Death, Stripped to its Core” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Kalb’s review of the 2005 performance of Lessing’s Emilia Galotti at the Harvey Theater in Brooklyn, New York.  Be sure to pay attention to the themes and ideas that Kalb focuses on in his article. 
 
About the Link:  Jonathan Kalb’s review article of Harvey Theater’s performance of Lessing’s Emilia Galotti was published originally in The New York Times on October 14, 2005. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.2 Friedrich Schiller   3.2.1 Biography and Historical Context of the Friedrich Schiller   - Reading: TheatreDatabase.com’s “Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805)” Link:  TheatreDatabase.com’s “Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805)”(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of TheatreDatabase.com’s introduction to the life, work, and times of Friedrich Schiller. 
 
About the Link:  TheatreDatabase.com, a website dedicated to the history of theater, has made this document concerning Schiller available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.2.2 Friedrich Schiller’s The Death of Wallenstein   - Reading: Friedrich Schillers’ The Death of Wallenstein Link: Friedrich Schillers’ The Death of Wallenstein(HTML)
 
Also available in:
ePub format on Google Books
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Schiller’s play.  In what ways is this play a historical drama, do you think?  Why would Schiller want to produce a historical drama? 
 
About the Link:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Schiller’s play available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.2.3 Schiller and The Death of Wallenstein in Context   - Reading: Pegasos: “Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805)” Link:  Pegasos:  “Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805)”(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Pegasos’ background concerning the life and work of Schiller. 
 
About the Link:  Pegasos has made this document concerning the life and work of Schiller available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.3 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe   3.3.1 The Life and Work of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe   - Reading: The University of Tennessee, Knoxville: Dr. Bruce J. MacLennan’s “Introduction: Background on Goethe” Link:  The University of Tennessee, Knoxville:  Dr. Bruce J. MacLennan’s “Introduction:  Background on Goethe”(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Dr. MacLennan’s introduction to Goethe. 
 
About the Link:  Dr. Bruce J. MacLennan, a professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has made this document available through his university website. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.3.3 German Tragedy in the Eighteenth Century   - Reading: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust: A Tragedy Link: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust:  A Tragedy
 
Also available in:
ePub format on Google Books
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Goethe’s play.  In what way is this play specifically a tragedy?  Is there a tragic hero?  Who would that character be in the logic of the play? 
 
About the Link:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Goethe’s play available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

3.3.4 Understanding Goethe's Faust   - Reading: Washington State University: Dr. Paul Brians’ “Study Guide for Goethe’s Faust” Link:  Washington State University: Dr. Paul Brians’ “Study Guide for Goethe’s Faust (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Dr. Brians’ study guide to understand better Goethe’s Faust. 
 
About the Link:  Dr. Paul Brians of Washington State University has made this document available online via his university website.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.