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ENGL412: Restoration & Eighteenth-century Drama

Unit 2: Major Restoration & Eighteenth-century British Dramatic Movements & Dramatists   Now that we have a thorough historical account of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century, we will focus our attention on the life and work of the major British dramatists from this period.  In this unit, we will examine the various new genres that emerged and took root during the Restoration and eighteenth-century.  We will also study the actors of the era and the social and legal developments that pertained to the theater during this period.

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Provide an account of the major works of Restoration and eighteenth-century British Drama, including the heroic drama of John Dryden, the pathetic drama of Nicholas Rowe, and the Restoration comedy of William Congreve.
  • Explain the importance of Aphra Behn as England’s first female dramatist.
  • Identify and describe the Restoration theater companies.
  • Discuss Sir Richard Steele’s eighteenth-century sentimental comedy, Henry Fielding’s eighteenth-century political satire, and the opera of John Gay.

2.1 New Genres of the Restoration   2.1.1 Heroic Drama: John Dryden   - Reading: John Dryden’s All for Love and History1700s.com’s “All for Love by John Dryden” Links:  John Dryden’s All for Love (HTML) and History1700s.com’s “All for Love by John Dryden (HTML)

 Also available in:  
 [ePub format on Google Books
(p.21)](http://books.google.com/books?id=RM0-AAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=all+for+love+john+dryden&hl=en&ei=A9HKTJfyFsGp8AbsycnEAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=all%20for%20love&f=false)  

 Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project
Gutenberg’s version of John Dryden’s play as well as
History1700s.com’s background essay to help you understand the play.
 To access both resources in PDF format, scroll to the bottom of the
background essay.  

 About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made
the entirety of Dryden’s play available online.  History1700s.com, a
website dedicated to eighteenth-century studies, has made this
background essay on Dryden’s play available on the organization's
website.   

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use
displayed on the webpages above.

2.1.2 Pathetic Drama: Nicholas Rowe’s “She-Tragedy”   - Reading: Nicholas Rowe’s Jane Shore: A Tragedy and Luminarium.org’s “Jane Shore” Links: Nicholas Rowe’sJane Shore:  A Tragedy(HTML)and Luminarium.org’s “Jane Shore”(HTML)
 
Also available in: (A Tragedy)
ePub format on Google Books (p.116)
Kindle (Free)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Rowe’s play as well as the entirety of Luminarium.org’s historical background on Jane Shore. 
 
About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Rowe’s play available online.  Luminarium.org, a literary encyclopedia, has made this essay on Jane Shore available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.1.3 Restoration Comedy: William Congreve   - Reading: William Congreve’s The Way of the World and Goucher College: Dr. Arnie Sander’s “William Congreve, The Way of the World" Links:  William Congreve’s The Way of the World(HTML) and Goucher College:  Dr. Arnie Sander’s “William Congreve, The Way of the World” (HTML)
 
Also available in: (The Way of the World)
ePub format on Google Books
Kindle ($2.79)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Congreve’s play as well as Dr. Sander’s introduction to this play.
 
About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made Congreve’s play available online in its entirety.  Dr. Arnie Sander’s of Goucher College has made this helpful background on the play available through his college website. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.1.4 England’s First Female Dramatists: Aphra Behn   - Reading: Aphra Behn’s The Rover and Student Pulse: Ellen Goodson’s “Aphra Behn’s ‘The Rover’: Evaluating Women’s Social and Sexual Options” Links:  Aphra Behn’s The Rover (HTML) and Student Pulse:  Ellen Goodson’s “Aphra Behn’s ‘The Rover’:  Evaluating Women’s Social and Sexual Options” (HTML)
 
Also available in: (The Rover)
ePub Format on Google Books
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Behn’s play as well as the entirety of Student Pulse’s version of Goodson’s essay.  You will need to use the page-scrolling tool at the bottom of the page to move to subsequent pages in her essay on Behn. 
 
About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Behn’s play available online.  Student Pulse, an online academic student journal, has made the entirety of Goodson’s article available online. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.1.5 Restoration Celebrity Actors and Actresses   - Reading: Lit-Arts.net’s “Women in the Theater After the Restoration” and Theatre Database: W. Davenport Adams’ “The Appearance of Women on the English Stage” Links:  Lit-Arts.net’s “Women in the Theater After the Restoration” (HTML) and Theatre Database:  W. Davenport Adams’ “The Appearance of Women on the English Stage”(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Lit-Arts.net’s essay on women in Restoration-era theater as well as the entirety of Theatre Database’s version of Adams’ essay on the emergence of women in English theater. 
 
About the Links:  Lit-Arts.net, a website dedicated to literature and the arts, has made this document available through the organization’s website.  Theatre Database, a database of documents related to theater and the arts, has made Adams’ essay available online.  Adams’ essay was originally published in A Dictionary of the Drama in 1904.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.1.6 Restoration, Adaptation, Revival: 1660-1700   - Reading: Cambridge University Press: Dr. Michael Dobson’s “Adaptations and Revivals” in The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theater Link:  Cambridge University Press:  Dr. Michael Dobson’s “Adaptations and Revivals” (PDF) in The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theater

 Instructions:  Please click on the link above and read the entirety
of Dr. Dobson’s introduction to adaptation and revival in
Restoration Theater.   

 About the Link:  Cambridge University Press has made Dr. Dobson’s
chapter from *The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration
Theater*  
 available online.   

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.7 Restoration Theater Companies: The Major Players   - Reading: Great Writers Inspire: Abigail Williams and Kate O'Connor’s “Aphra Behn and the Restoration Theatre” Link: Great Writers Inspire: Abigail Williams and Kate O'Connor’s “Aphra Behn and the Restoration Theatre” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read the first section - “A Brief History of the Restoration Theatre” - of this account of Aphra Behn as a playwright for an introduction to the main theatre companies of the time.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales license. It is attributed to Abigail Williams and Kate O'Connor.

2.2 Eighteenth-Century Genteel, Sentimental Comedy in English   2.2.1 Sir Richard Steele   - Reading: McCarter Theater Center: Excerpt from Sir Richard Steele’s The Conscious Lovers and OurCivilization.com’s version of John Dennis’ “Remarks (1723) by John Dennis on The Conscious Lovers by Sir Richard Steele” Links:  McCarter Theater Center:  Excerpt from Sir Richard Steele’s The Conscious Lovers (PDF) and OurCivilization.com’s version of John Dennis’ “Remarks (1723) by John Dennis on The Conscious Lovers by Sir Richard Steele” (HTML)

 Also available in:  
 [Google Books](http://www.google.com/books?id=4Q1AAAAAYAAJ) (TXT,
PDF, ePUB)  

 Instructions:  Please scroll down to heading 2 to find the McCarter
Theater Center’s excerpt (I.ii) from Steele’s play.  Please read the
scene in its entirety, as well as the entirety of Dennis’ essay on
the play.  

 About the Links:  The McCarter Theater Center, a professional
acting house, has made this excerpt from Steele’s play available
online.  OurCivilization.com, a website dedicated to the history of
Western civilization, has made the entirety of Dennis’ reading of
Steele’s play available online.    

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use
displayed on the webpages above.

2.3 Eighteenth-Century Political Satire   2.3.1 Henry Fielding   - Reading: Henry Fielding’s The Author’s Farce and the University of Michigan’s “The Author’s Farce” Links:  Henry Fielding’s The Author’s Farce (HTML) and The University of Michigan’s “The Author’s Farce” (HTML)
 
 Also available in: (The Author’s Farce)
 ePub format on Google Books
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Henry Fielding’s play as well as the entirety of the University of Michigan’s brief introduction to this play.  
 
About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Fielding’s play available online.  The University of Michigan has made this brief introduction to Fielding’s play available through the university’s website. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.3.2 John Gay and the Joys of Opera in England   - Reading: John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera and the University of Michigan’s “The Beggar’s Opera” Links: John Gay’s The Beggar’s Operaand The University of Michigan’s “The Beggar’s Opera”(HTML)
 
Also available in: (The Beggar’s Opera)
ePub format on Google Books
  
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Gay’s play as well as the entirety of the University of Michigan’s website concerning Gay and his play.  For the latter set of readings, you will need to click on and read the entirety of the following links within the University of Michigan site:  “John Gay Biography,” “Musical Background,” “Theatrical Background,” “The First Production,” “Synopsis and Scene Breakdown,” and “Biography and Links” pages within the main website. 
 
About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Gay’s play available online.  The University of Michigan has made this helpful background on Gay and his play available through the university’s website. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

2.3.3 The Licensing Act of 1737   - Reading: Grinnell College: Eliza Hay’s “The Licensing Act of 1737” Link:  Grinnell College:  Eliza Hay’s “The Licensing Act of 1737”(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Grinnell College’s version of Hay’s essay on the Licensing Act of 1737.  What was the Licensing Act of 1737?  Why was it important to the theater?  What did it change about theater in England? 
 
About the Link:  Grinnell College has made Hay’s essay on the Licensing Act of 1737 available through the college’s website. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4 Legacies of Restoration Comedy in Eighteenth-Century Britain: Oliver Goldsmith and Richard Brinsley Sheridan   2.4.1 Oliver Goldsmith   - Reading: Oliver Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer and TheatreHistory.com’s “She Stoops to Conquer or the Mistakes of a Night, A Synopsis of the Play by Oliver Goldsmith” Links:  Oliver Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer and TheatreHistory.com’s She Stoops to Conquer or the Mistakes of a Night, A Synopsis of the Play by Oliver Goldsmith”
 
Also available in:
ePub format on Google Books
 
Instructions:  Please scroll down and read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s version of Goldsmith’s play as well as the entirety of TheatreHistory.com’s essay on Goldsmith’s play. 
 
About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made the entirety of Goldsmith’s play available online.  TheatreHistory.com, a website dedicated to the history of theater, has made this introduction to Goldsmith’s play available through the organization’s website.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: “Scene I from Aberdeen Arts Center’s Production of She Stoops to Conquer” Link:  YouTube: “Scene I from Aberdeen Arts Center’s Production of She Stoops to Conquer” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions:  Please watch the entirety of this selection from Aberdeen Arts Center’s production of Goldsmith’s play. 
     
    About the Link:  YouTube has made this selection from Aberdeen Arts Center’s production of Goldsmith’s play available online. 
     
    Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4.2 Richard Brinsley Sheridan   - Reading: Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s The School for Scandal and The Arts Club of Vancouver's "Teacher Resource Guide" Links:  Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s The School for Scandal (HTML) and The Arts Club of Vancouver's "Teacher Resource Guide" (PDF)

 Also available in:  
 [ePub format on Google
Books](http://books.google.com/books?id=pkg_AAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=the+school+for+scandal&hl=en&ei=8NjKTIb0NoL_8AbG4ZmeAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false)  
 [Kindle
($1.90)](http://www.amazon.com/The-School-for-Scandal-ebook/dp/B000FC1F7A/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&m=AG56TWVU5XWC2&s=digital-text&qid=1288362251&sr=1-1)  

 Instructions:  Please read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s
version of Sheridan’s play.  Also, please read the entirety of the
study guide for the play assembled by the Arts Club of Vancouver for
its 2006 production of *School of Scandal*.    

 About the Links:  Project Gutenberg, a literary database, has made
the entirety of Sheridan’s play available online.   

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use
displayed on the webpages above.