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ENGL204: Cultural and Literary Expression in Modernity

Unit 6: A Post-Colonial World and Voices From the Margins   In the 20th century, we have seen the decline of Empire and the emergence of a new, post-colonial world order.  How did these sweeping changes impact the literary landscape of the Modern Period?  In this unit, we will examine the legacy of colonization and the emergence of new voices capable of re-writing history and re-defining the destiny and cultural significance of English literature.  In the process, we will pay particular attention to the ways in which former subjects have negotiated with English literary conventions in order to “make it new” once more.

Unit 6 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 16 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 6.1: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 6.2: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 6.3: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 6.4: 4 hours

Unit6 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Define post-colonialism as both a movement in literature and the arts as well as a form of literary and cultural theory and criticism.
  • Compare and contrast the postcolonial elements that define the works of a range of world authors, including Derek Walcott, Chinua Achebe, Deepika Bahri, W.B. Yeats, Seamus Heaney, E. M. Forster, Salman Rushdie, and Arundhati Roy.

6.1 Derek Walcott and “Language Poised Between Defiance and Translation”   6.1.1 Brief Overview of Post-Colonial Studies   - Lecture: Yale University: Dr. Paul Fry’s “Post-Colonial Criticism” Link: Yale University: Dr. Paul Fry’s “Post-Colonial Criticism” (YouTube)

 Also available in:  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-300/lecture-22)  
 [iTunes
U](http://itunes.apple.com/us/itunes-u/22-post-colonial-criticism/id341652697?i=63753404)  

 Instructions: Please watch the entire lecture (about 50 minutes)
linked here.   
    
 Terms of Use: Paul H. Fry, Introduction to the Theory of Literature
(Yale University: Open Yale Courses),
<http://oyc.yale.edu> (Accessed February 23, 2011).  License:
[Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).  The
original version can be found
[here](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-300/lecture-22).

6.1.2 Derek Walcott’s Omeros: Matters of Genre, Tradition, and Perspective   - Lecture: BBC: World Book Club—Harriet Gilbert’s Interview with Derek Walcott on December 16, 2008 Link: BBC: World Book Club’s "Harriet Gilbert’s Interview with Derek Walcott on December 16, 2008"(Mp3)
 
Instructions: Please listen to the entirety of Gilbert’s interview with Walcott (about 52 minutes) in which the poet reads from his epic poem Omeros and discusses his work.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.1.3 Selection from Derek Walcott’s Poetry   - Reading: The Poetry Foundation: Derek Walcott’s “Becune Point” Link: The Poetry Foundation: Derek Walcott’s "Becune Point" (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of this selection as well as the“About this Poem” tab found in the upper right hand corner of the page.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

6.1.4 Defining Our Terms: “Postcolonial Literature”   - Reading: Washington State University: Dr. Paul Brians’ “‘Postcolonial Literature’: Problems with the Term” Link: Washington State University: Dr. Paul Brians' “‘Postcolonial Literature’:  Problems with the Term” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please scroll down and read the entirety of Dr. Brians’ essay on the problems with the term “Postcolonial Literature.”
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

6.2 Redefining “The Other” in a Post-Colonial Africa   6.2.1 Re-Contextualizing Conrad in the Post-Colonial World   - Reading: Shirley Galloway ‘s “An Inglorious Enterprise: Empire, Ideology and Transformation in Heart of Darkness and A Passage to India” Link: Shirley Galloway ‘s “An Inglorious Enterprise: Empire, Ideology and Transformation in Heart of Darkness and A Passage to India” (HTML)

 Instructions:  Please click on the hyperlink above and read the
entirety of Galloway’s essay.      

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

6.2.2 Exploring the Legacy of Western Colonial Oppression in Achebe’s Things Fall Apart   - Lecture: YouTube: Afrikanews’ “Nigerian Writer Chinua Achebe on CNN’s ‘African Voices’” Link: YouTube: Afrikanews’ “Nigerian Writer Chinua Achebe on CNN’s ‘African Voices’” (Youtube)

 Also available in:  
 [Adobe Flash: Through
CNN](http://www.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/international/2009/04/24/av.2.chinue.achebe.cnn.html)  
    
 Instructions:  Please watch the entirety of CNN.com’s interview
with Achebe (9:13 minutes).  
    
 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

6.2.3 A New Hybridity: The Fusion of European and Nigerian Motifs in Things Fall Apart   - Reading: Postcolonialweb.org: Melissa Culross’ “Chinua Achebe’s Biography and Style” and “Chinua Achebe & Things Fall Apart” Links: Postcolonialweb.org: Melissa Culross’ “Chinua Achebe’s Biography and Style” (HTML) and “Chinua Achebe & Things Fall Apart (HTML)

 Instructions: Please click on the hyperlinks above, and read the
entirety of both pieces concerning the life and work of Achebe.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyrights and terms of use
displayed on the webpages above.

6.2.4 Post-Modern Terminology: Mimicry, Ambivalence and Hybridity   - Reading: Emory University: Dr. Deepika Bahri’s Introduction to “Mimicry, Ambivalence and Hybridity” Link: Emory University: Dr. Deepika Bahri's Introduction to “Mimicry, Ambivalence and Hybridity” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please read the entirety of Dr. Bahri’s introduction to questions of identity and post-coloniality.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.3 The Irish Question   6.3.1 Overview of Anglo-Irish Relations   - Reading: BBC: “The Anglo-Irish War” Link: BBC: “The Anglo-Irish War” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please read the entirety of BBC.com’s introduction to Anglo-Irish relations and the Anglo-Irish War.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

6.3.2 The Yeats Legacy: Yeats and Irish Politics   - Lecture: Yale University: Dr. Langdon Hammer’s “William Butler Yeats Part 1,” "William Butler Yeats Part 2," and "William Butler Yeats Part 3" Link: Yale University: Dr. Langdon Hammer’s “William Butler Yeats” lectures including "William Butler Yeats Part 1" (YouTube), "William Butler Yeats Part 2" and "William Butler Yeats 3" (Adobe Flash)

 Also available in:  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-4) (Part
1)  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-5)(Part 2)  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-6) (Part
3)  

 Instructions: Please watch the entirety of Dr. Hammer’s lecture
online by clicking on the hyperlink to the video lecture.  Each of
the three lectures is about 50 minutes in length.  
    
 Terms of Use: Langdon Hammer, Modern Poetry (Yale University: Open
Yale Courses), <http://oyc.yale.edu> (Accessed February 22, 2011). 
License: [Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).  The
original version can be found
[here](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310#sessions).

6.3.3 The New Bard: Seamus Heaney, Irish Tradition, and Memory   - Reading: Ibiblio.org: “Biography: Seamus Heaney” Link: Ibiblio.org: “Biography: Seamus Heaney” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the entirety of the Internet Poetry
Archive’s introduction to Heaney.   
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyrights and terms of use
displayed on the webpages above.
  • Web Media: Lannan.org: Seamus Heaney’s “Reading, October 1, 2003” Link: Lannan.org: Seamus Heaney’s “Reading, October 1, 2003

    Instructions: Click on the hyperlink to the Lannan Foundation’s page on Heaney, scroll down, and click on the play tool to begin and watch the entirety of Heaney’s reading (about 39 minutes), given on October 1, 2003. 

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

6.3.4 Politics and Poetics: Heaney and the Place of the Poet in Modern Culture   - Web Media: Lannan.org: “Seamus Heaney with Dennis O’Driscoll, Conversation, 1 October 2003” Link: Lannan.org: “Seamus Heaney with Dennis O’Driscoll, Conversation, 1 October 2003” (Video)
 
Instructions: Please click on the hyperlink to the Lannan Foundation’s page on Heaney, scroll down, and click on the play tool to begin and watch the entirety of Haney’s conversation with Dennis O’Driscoll (about 39 minutes). 
  
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.4 East Meets West: Indian Post-Colonial Narratives   6.4.1 History of India’s Colonization   - Reading: Victorianweb.org: Dr. David Cody’s “British India” and Dr. George Landow’s “The British East India Company—the Company that Owned a Nation (or Two)” Links: Victorianweb.org: Dr. David Cody’s “British India” (PDF) and Dr. George Landow’s “The British East India Company—the Company that Owned a Nation (or Two)” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please click on each hyperlink above, and read the entirety of both essays.
 
Terms of Use:  The VictorianWeb articles above have been reposted by the kind permission of George Landow from Brown University, and can be viewed in its original form here and here respectively. Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder.

6.4.2 Gandhi and Non-Violent Resistance to British Colonial Rule   - Web Media: Open Culture: Mahatma Gandhi Talks Link: Open Culture: Mahatma Gandhi Talks (Video)

 Instructions: Please watch the entirety of this interview with
Mahatma Gandhi (about 4 minutes), a vintage video that captures
Gandhi’s view on Indian Independence from British colonial rule.  

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

6.4.3 Excerpts from Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children: Issues of Migration, Homeland, and Post-Colonialist Tensions   - Reading: Columbia University: Midnight’s Children Events: “Interview with Salman Rushdie & President Lee Bollinger” Link: Columbia University: Midnight's Children Events: “Interview with Salman Rushdie & President Lee Bollinger” (YouTube)
 
Instructions: Please watch the entirety of this interview with Rushdie (about 55 minutes), in which he discusses his novel at Columbia University.  In March of 2003, Columbia University held a series of events in celebration of Rushdie’s publication of Midnight’s Children, and this interview was part of those events.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.4.4 Identity and Boundaries in Midnight’s Children   - Reading: Postcolonialweb.org: Sébastien Blache’s “The Dynamic of Representation in Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children” Link: Postcolonialweb.org: Sébastien Blache’s “The Dynamic of Representation in Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of Blache’s essay on Rushdie’s novel.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

6.4.5 A New English: The Poetics of Arundhati Roy’s God of Small Things   - Lecture: YouTube: Prague Writers’ Festival’s “Arundhati Roy Reads from God of Small Things” Link: YouTube: Prague Writers’ Festival’s "Arundhati Roy Reads from God of Small Things" (Video)
 
Instructions: Please watch the entirety of Roy’s reading from her novel online (about 3 minutes).
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

6.4.6 Post-Colonial Narrative and The God of Small Things   - Reading: Postcolonialweb.org: Prasenjit Maiti’s “Credence and Reality: On the Said and the Implied in Postcolonial Narratives—Roy's The God of Small Things” Link: Postcolonialweb.org: Prasenjit Maiti’s “Credence and Reality:  On the Said and the Implied in Postcolonial Narratives—Roy's The God of Small Things (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please read the entirety of Maiti’s essay on Roy’s novel. 

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

6.4.7 Recent Developments in the Visual Arts of India   - Reading: Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: Atteqa Ali’s “Recent Art of India” Links: Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: Atteqa Ali’s “Recent Art of India” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read the introductory materials, and then click on
the “View Slideshow” tab on the upper left corner of the website to
start the slideshows on surrealism and the relationship between
photography and surrealism.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

ENGL204 Essay Prompts   - Assessment: The Saylor Foundation's "Essay Prompts and Self-Grading Rubric" Link: The Saylor Foundation's "Essay Prompts and Self-Grading Rubric" (PDF)

 Instructions: Read the linked pdf and follow the instructions
given.