Loading...

ENGL204: Cultural and Literary Expression in Modernity

Unit 4: High Modernist Aesthetics   Drawing from our exposure to the high modernist techniques of Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse, we will work on honing our definition of modernism and one of its most prominent iterations – High Modernism – by identifying some of its characteristic features.  In this unit, we will take on one of the most revered (and feared) geniuses of the 20th century, James Joyce, studying his thematic, stylistic, and formal choices and relating them to other 20th century trends we’ve seen thus far.

Unit 4 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 26 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 4.1: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 4.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 4.3: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 4.4: 9 hours

☐    Subunit 4.4.1: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 4.4.2: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 4.4.3: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 1.3.4: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 4.5: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 4.6: 4 hours

Unit4 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Define the features of High Modernist aesthetics (in art and literature especially).
  • Identify and explain a number of the most important elements of High Modernist art, including alienation, self-consciousness, solipsism, (dis)order, and innovation.
  • Compare and contrast the work of Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, and James Joyce.
  • Describe the aftermath of the Great War on modern memory, consciousness, and aesthetics.
  • Describe the genre of stream-of-consciousness narrative.

4.1 Features of High Modernist Art   4.1.1 Pastiche and Its Roots in Fin de Siècle Literature   - Reading: University of Pennsylvania: Dr. Al Filreis’ “Pastiche” Link: University of Pennsylvania: Dr. Al Filreis' “Pastiche” (HTML)

 Instructions:  Please read the entirety of Dr. Filreis’ webpage
concerning pastiche.  
    
 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.1.2 Self-Consciousness and Alienation of the Self   - Reading: International Socialism: A Quarterly Journal of Socialist Theory: Chris Nineham’s “The Two Faces of Modernism” Link: International Socialism: A Quarterly Journal of Socialist Theory: Chris Nineham's “The Two Faces of Modernism” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Please read the entirety of Nineham’s essay.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.1.3 The Search for a New Order: High Modernist Architecture and Internationalism   - Reading: Guardian.co.uk: Steve Rose’s “The Many Contradictions of Le Corbusier” Link: Guardian.co.uk: Steve Rose's “The Many Contradictions of Le Corbusier” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of Rose’s piece on Le Corbusier and architecture from this era.  Consider how Le Corbusier’s urban planning model is similar to and different from Haussmann’s urban renewal project in Paris.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.1.4 Difficulties of the High Modernist Text: A Lecture on T.S. Eliot   - Lecture: Yale University: Dr. Langdon Hammer’s "T.S. Eliot" Part 1, "T.S. Eliot" Part 2, and "T.S. Eliot" Part 3 Link: Yale University: Dr. Langdon Hammer’s  “T.S. Eliot” Part 1 (YouTube), “T.S. Eliot” Part 2 (YouTube) and “T.S. Eliot” Part 3 (YouTube)

 Also available in:  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-10) (Part
1)  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-11) (Part
2)  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-12) (Part
3)  

 Instructions: Please watch the entirety of Dr. Hammer’s lecture
online (each of the three lectures is about 50 minutes in length) by
clicking on the hyperlinks to the video lectures.  
    
 Terms of Use: Langdon Hammer, Modern Poetry (Yale University: Open
Yale Courses), <http://oyc.yale.edu> (Accessed February 22, 2011). 
License: [Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).  The
original versions can be found
[here](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310#sessions).

4.1.5 Difficulties of the High Modernist Text: A Lecture on Ezra Pound   - Lecture: Yale University: Dr. Langdon Hammer’s “Ezra Pound” Link: Yale University: Dr. Langdon Hammer’s “Ezra Pound” (YouTube)

 Also available in:  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-9)  

 Instructions: Please watch the entirety of Dr. Hammer’s lecture
online (about 50 minutes).  
    
 Terms of Use: Langdon Hammer, Modern Poetry (Yale University: Open
Yale Courses), <http://oyc.yale.edu> (Accessed February 22, 2011). 
License: [Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).  The
original version can be found
[here](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-310/lecture-9).

4.2 Tradition Versus Innovation   4.2.1 T.S. Eliot’s “Tradition and the Individual Talent” – The Modernist’s Relationship to the Literary Canon   - Reading: Bartleby.com: T.S. Eliot’s “Tradition and the Individual Talent” Link: Bartleby.com: T.S. Eliot's “Tradition and the Individual Talent” (HTML)

 Instructions:  Please read the entirety of Bartleby’s version of
Eliot’s essay.  

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.2.2 “Make It New”: Allusion and the Relationship between the Old and the New in Ezra Pound’s The Cantos   - Reading: Poets.org: Ezra Pound’s “The Cantos” and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: Modern American Poetry’s “On Canto I” Links: Poets.org: Ezra Pound’s The Cantos(HTML) and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: Modern American Poetry’s“On Canto I”(HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of Poets.org’s version of Pound’s Canto I and the entirety of Modern American Poetry’s brief explication of the poem.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

4.2.3 Questions of Form and Genre in "The Cantos"   - Reading: Poets.org: Ezra Pound’s “Canto XIV” and T.S. Eliot’s “Ezra Pound: His Metric and Poetry” Links: Poets.org: Ezra Pound’s "Canto XIV" (HTML) and T.S. Eliot’s “Ezra Pound:  His Metric and Poetry” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of Poets.org’s version of Pound’s Canto XIV and the entirety of Eliot’s essay on questions of form and genre in Pound’s poetry.

 Terms of Use:  The material above "Erza Pound: His Metric and
Poetry" is available for viewing in the Public Domain. 

4.3 An Introduction to James Joyce   4.3.1 Short Stories from "Dubliners": Exploration of Generic and Thematic Elements and the Representation of Urban Life   - Reading: Project Gutenberg: James Joyce’s “Araby” and “The Dead” Link: Project Gutenberg: James Joyce’s “Araby” and “The Dead” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please scroll down to the “Contents” section, click
on the hyperlinks for “Araby” and “The Dead,” and read the entirety
of both Project Gutenberg’s version of Joyce’s “Araby” and “The
Dead” from *Dubliners.*  

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.3.2 Political and Historical Contexts of Joyce’s Dublin   - Web Media: IrishCulturesandCustoms.com: Irene Togher’s “Joyce’s Dublin” and Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive at University College Dublin: “Joyce’s Dublin: An Exploration of ‘The Dead’” IrishCulturesandCustoms.com: Irene Togher’s “Joyce’s Dublin” (HTML) and Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive at University College Dublin: “Joyce’s Dublin:  An Exploration of ‘The Dead’” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of Togher’s introduction to Joyce’s Dublin.  Also, after going to the Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive site, please scroll down the webpage, click on the play tool, and listen to both Podcast 1 (about 11 minutes) and Podcast 2 (about 10 minutes).
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

4.4 Joyce's Major Works   4.4.1 "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man": Towards a New Understanding of Art   - Reading: Project Gutenberg: James Joyce’s "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" Link: Project Gutenberg: James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (HTML)

 Also available in:  
 [PDF](http://www2.hn.psu.edu/faculty/jmanis/jamesjoyce.htm)  
 [eText Format in Google
Books](http://books.google.com/books?id=v6YWAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=A+Portrait+of+the+Artist+as+a+Young+Man&hl=en&ei=_Vo7TKyIBpWCnQe277CzAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false)
(Available for Free)  

 Instructions: Please read the entirety of Project Gutenberg’s
version of Joyce’s text.  To view the poem in PDF format, please
follow the "PDF" link above, then select the link "A Portrait of the
Artist as a Young Man" below the disclaimer.  

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.4.2 National Identity in "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man"   - Reading: University of Sarajevo: Catherine Akca’s “Religion and Identity in James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” from Epiphany Link: University of Sarajevo: Catherine Akca’s “Religion and Identity in James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” from Epiphany (PDF)

 Instructions: From the linked page, find the article title under
"Table of Contents," and select the "PDF" link to the right.  Please
read the entirety of Akca’s essay on Joyce and questions of
identity.  

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.4.3 Excerpts from "Ulysses" and the Stylistic Diversity of James Joyce   - Reading: Project Gutenberg: James Joyce’s Ulysses Link: Project Gutenberg: James Joyce’s Ulysses (HTML)

 Also available in:  
 [PDF](http://www.planetpdf.com/free_pdf_ebooks.asp?CurrentPage=1)  
 [eText Format for the
Kindle](http://www.amazon.com/Ulysses-ebook/dp/B002RKT6QK/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&m=AG56TWVU5XWC2&s=digital-text&qid=1278958138&sr=1-2)
(Available for Free)  

 Instructions: Please read only “Part I” and “Part II” of Joyce’s
*Ulysses*.  To view in PDF format, please follow the "PDF" link
above; scroll down the list of titles to find the link to
*Ulysses.*  

 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.5 Self-Consciousness and Solipsistic Thought   4.5.1 An Overview of Sigmund Freud and Contemporary Psychology   - Lecture: Yale University: Dr. Paul Fry’s “Freud and Fiction” Link: Yale University: Dr. Paul Fry’s “Freud and Fiction” (YouTube)

 Also available in:  
 [HTML, Adobe Flash, Mp3 or
QuickTime](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-300/lecture-12)  
 [iTunes
U](http://itunes.apple.com/us/itunes-u/12-freud-and-fiction/id341652697?i=63753387)  

 Instructions: Please watch the entire lecture linked here (about 50
minutes).   
    
 Terms of Use: Paul H. Fry, Introduction to the Theory of Literature
(Yale University: Open Yale Courses),
<http://oyc.yale.edu> (Accessed February 23, 2011).  License:
[Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
3.0](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/).  The
original version can be found
[here](http://oyc.yale.edu/english/engl-300/lecture-12).

4.5.2 Surrealism and Its Influence in Photography   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: James Voorhies’ “Surrealism” and the Department of Photographs’ “Photography and Surrealism” Links: The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: James Voorhies’ “Surrealism”(HTML) and the Department of Photographs’ “Photography and Surrealism”(HTML)

 Instructions: Read the introductory materials, and then click on
the “View Slideshow” tab on the upper left corner of the website to
start the slideshows on surrealism and the relationship between
photography and surrealism.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

4.6 Traumatic Narratives   4.6.1 Post-War Traumatic Stress Disorder and Narrative   - Reading: War Literature and the Arts Journal: Ron Langer’s "Combat Trauma, Memory, and the World War II Veteran” and Purdue University: Dr. Dino Felluga’s Module on Freud “V: On Transference and Trauma” Links: War Literature and the Arts Journal: Ron Langer’s "Combat Trauma, Memory, and the World War II Veteran" (PDF) and Purdue University:  Dr. Dino Felluga’s Module on Freud  “V:  On Transference and Trauma”(HTML)
 
Instructions:  Click on the article by Ron Langer to link to the PDF and read the entirety of the article as well as the entirety of Dr. Felluga’s module on Freud.
  
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

4.6.2 Stream-of-Consciousness Narratives: Formal and Stylistic Choices in High Modernist Texts   - Reading: Georgetown University: The International Society for the Study of Narrative’s Explication of “Stream of Consciousness” Link: Georgetown University:  The International Society for the Study of Narrative’s Explication of  “Stream of Consciousness” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entirety of the International Society for the Study of Narrative’s introduction to stream of consciousness.
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyrights and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

4.6.3 The Modernist’s Focus on Epistemology   - Lecture: Yale University: Professor Paul Fry’s ENGL 300: Introduction to Theory of Literature: “Lecture 17 - The Frankfurt School of Critical Theory” Link: Yale University: Professor Paul Fry’s ENGL 300: Introduction to Theory of Literature: “Lecture 17 - The Frankfurt School of Critical Theory” (YouTube)
 
Instructions: To the right of the video, click on “Chapter 5: Benjamin and Mechanical Reproduction” of Professor Paul Fry’s lecture on the Frankfurt school from his Introduction to Theory of Literature course at Yale University.
 
Watch the fifth, sixth, and seventh chapters of his lecture for an overview of Benjamin’s argument about mass culture and film and his differences from Theodor Adorno’s approach to those subjects. Should you wish to read the transcript of the lecture instead, you can find it here.
 
Terms of Use: These resources are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. They are attributed to Paul Fry.