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ECON303: Labor Economics

  • Unit 7: Labor Mobility  

    Labor mobility takes place when workers are incentivized to find better jobs and/or firms are incentivized to find better workers.  Labor mobility is broadly categorized into two subcategories: "geographical mobility" (moving across physical space) and “occupational mobility” (moving between or across jobs).  At the personal level, increased labor mobility may imply better financial situations for most workers because, assuming that mobility is voluntary, workers will decide to move only if the present value of the benefits from moving exceed the costs of moving.  At the aggregate level, one of the most important benefits of labor mobility is its impact on growth and production.  The economic benefits of reallocating workers often leads to the discovery and exploitation of new resources, the use of new technologies, and the growth of new industries.  However, looking beyond economics, labor mobility is also closely tied to issues of state sovereignty, political concerns, and governmental control, especially with regards to immigration.
               
    In this unit, you will study migration and its determinants, consequences (both for the migrant and the place of emigration), and constituents (in terms of the characteristic differences between migrants).

    Unit 7 Time Advisory

    This unit should take you 3 hours to complete.

    Unit7 Learning Outcomes

    Upon completion of this unit, students will be able to:

    • Identify the determinants and effects of labor mobility-through migration, immigration, and job turnover.
    • Lecture: SUNY-Oswego: Professor John Kane's Lecture notes on Introduction to Labor Economics: “Worker Mobility (Chapter 10)”

      Link: SUNY-Oswego:  Professor John Kane's Lecture notes on Introduction to Labor Economics:Worker Mobility (Chapter 10)” (HTML, Adobe Flash, or Powerpoint)
       
      Instructions:  Please click on chapter 10 from the Table of Contents.  Note that the material is presented in three formats: Single document HTML format, narrated PowerPoint, and PowerPoint Slideshow.  Please go through the narrated PowerPoint to best understand the material.  You can read the HTML text to review the material after listening to the audio.  However, you may skip the notes presented in the PowerPoint slides as they are a repetition of the slides that accompany the audio.  If the audio does not work at first, refresh your browser.  This reading covers subunits 7.1-7.3.
       
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  • 7.1 Migration  

  • 7.1.1 Determinants of Migration  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.1.2 Characteristic Differences between Migrants  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.2 Immigration  

  • 7.2.1 Immigration in the United States  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.2.2 Causes of Immigration  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.2.3 The Effects of Immigration on Native Workers  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.3 Job Turnover  

  • 7.3.1 Effects of Job Turnover  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.3.2 Determinants of Turnover  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.

  • 7.3.3 Costs of Turnover  

    Note: This subunit is covered by the reading assigned under Unit 7.