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BIO404: Cancer Biology

Unit 7: Cancer Therapy: Past, Present, and Future   Numerous factors lead to the development of cancer in cells throughout the body.  By understanding their risk, patients can take proactive steps to help prevent the development of cancer.  A large number of cancer screening methods are used to detect cancer including blood antigens, fecal occult blood, and colonoscopy, among others.  With risk assessment and screening, can potentially be detected early and prognosis is improved.

Unit 7 Time Advisory
Time Advisory: This unit will take approximately 9 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 7.1: 3.5 hours

☐    Subunit 7.2: 4 hours

☐    Subunit 7.3: 1.5 hour

Unit7 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to: - Outline common factors used for risk assessment of developing cancer. - Discuss the role that genetics plays in the risk and development of cancer. - Name the common screening tests used for various types of cancer, including prostate, breast, cervical, and colorectal cancers. - List lifestyle choices to follow and environmental conditions to avoid in order to reduce risk of cancer development.

7.1 Cancer Risk Assessment   - Assessment: Washington University’s School of Medicine: Siteman Cancer Center’s “Your Disease Risk Cancer” Link: Washington University’s School of Medicine: Siteman Cancer Center’s “Your Disease Risk Cancer” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  This site provides a tool to evaluate your risk of developing certain types of cancer.  It considers numerous factors including your family history, diet, exercise, and medical history.  Choose six of the twelve types of cancer listed and use the screening tool to evaluate your risk of developing those cancer types. 
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: The University of Texas’s MD Anderson Cancer Center: Karen Lu and Banu Arun’s “Can Cancer Be Inherited and What Can Be Done?” Link: The University of Texas’s MD Anderson Cancer Center: Karen Lu and Banu Arun’s “Can Cancer Be Inherited and What Can Be Done?” (HTML and Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions:  Locate the Similar Articles and Multimedia box to the right.  Click on the video “Can Cancer Be Inherited and What Can Be Done?”  Click play to watch this video in its entirety (run time 18:34 minutes).
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. 

7.2 Screening and Early Detection   7.2.1 Screening Guidelines   - Reading: American Cancer Society’s “American Cancer Society Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer” Link: American Cancer Society’s “American Cancer Society Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer” (HTML)
 
Instructions:  Review these guidelines.
 
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7.2.2 Cancer Screening and Detection   7.2.2.1 Breast Cancer Screening   - Web Media: Susan G. Komen for the Cure’s “Breast Cancer 101” Link:  Susan G. Komen for the Cure’s “Breast Cancer 101” (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions:  Scroll all the way to the bottom of this webpage.  You will see a link under the pink heading “Breast Cancer 101 (Interactive Tool).”  Click on the view program in English link.  The program will load.  Work your way through this interactive tool to learn about breast cancer screening, development, and treatment.
 
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7.2.2.2 Colorectal Cancer Screening   - Reading: Johns Hopkins Medicine’s “Colorectal Cancer” Link:  Johns Hopkins Medicine’s “Colorectal Cancer” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Work your way through the “About Colorectal Cancer” tab to the left.  Click on the items across the top bar including Overview, Anatomy, Polyp to Cancer, Diagnosis, Staging, Symptoms, and Risk Factors.  Once you have read this material, click on the tab Screening and Prevention to learn about the different tools used to screen for colorectal cancer including the Intro, Colonoscopy, Flexible Sigmoidoscopy, and others. 
 
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7.2.2.3 Prostate Cancer Screening   - Lecture: Washington University School of Medicine’s Siteman Cancer Center: Dr. Adam Kibel’s “Podcast: New Guidelines for Cancer Screenings” Link: Washington University School of Medicine’s Siteman Cancer Center: Dr. Adam Kibel’s “Podcast: New Guidelines for Prostate Cancer Screenings” (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions:  Press play to listen to Dr. Kibel’s Podcast about screening for prostate cancer.  The play button is located on the gray bar just below the heading “New Guidelines for Prostate Cancer Screenings.”
 
Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

7.2.2.4 Thyroid Cancer Screening   - Lecture: Washington University School of Medicine’s Siteman Cancer Center: Dr. Haughey’s “Podcast: Detecting Thyroid Cancer Early” Link:  Washington University School of Medicine’s Siteman Cancer Center: Dr. Haughey’s “Podcast: Detecting Thyroid Cancer Early” (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions:  Although there is not a specific test to screen for thyroid cancer, there are sign and symptoms that prompt follow up testing potentially leading to an early diagnosis and treatment.  Press play to listen to Dr. Haughey’s Podcast about thyroid cancer detection and treatment.  The play button is located on the gray bar just below the heading “Detecting Thyroid Cancer Early.”
 
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7.2.2.5 Cervical Cancer Screening   - Lecture: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention American Society for Obstetricians and Gynecologists: Dr. Alan Waxman’s “ACOG Recommendations and Guidelines for Cervical Cancer Screening and Management” Link: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention American Society for Obstetricians and Gynecologists: Dr. Alan Waxman’s “ACOG Recommendations and Guidelines for Cervical Cancer Screening and Management” (Adobe Flash)
 
Instructions: Click on the play button to listen to this Podcast about cervical cancer screening in its entirety (10:45 minutes).
 
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7.3 Prevention   - Reading: National Cancer Institute’s “Understanding Cancer Series: Cancer” Link:  National Cancer Institute’s “Understanding Cancer Series: Cancer” (HTML, PDF, or PPT)

 Instructions: View slides 52-61 to learn what you can do to reduce
your risk of developing cancer.  This slide presentation is
available for downloading as a PDF, or a PowerPoint with notes,
using the options on the left of the screen.  
    
 Terms of Use:  Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above