Loading...

BIO304: Human Physiology

Unit 14: The Reproductive System   The reproductive system controls the production of sex hormones, gender determination, and most importantly reproduction. There are distinct differences between males and females, including those that are obvious. Hormonal production is a key feature of the reproductive system, and additionally, hormones regulate the function of this system in an intricate balance. You may recall some of these hormones from our endocrine system unit. In this unit, we will learn about the female and male reproductive systems function alone and in conjunction with one another to produce life. In this capacity, we will discuss the processes of fertilization, pregnancy, and labor.

Unit 14 Time Advisory
This unit should take approximately 10.25 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 14.1: 0.25 hours

☐    Subunit 14.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 14.3: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 14.4: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 14.5: 4.5 hours
 

☐    Reading: 2 hours

☐    Assessments: 2.5 hours

Unit14 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to: - describe the structures and functions of the female and male reproductive systems; - describe the menstrual cycle and the role of hormones in regulating different phases; - describe the process of fertilization; - identify the hormones involved in pregnancy; and - identify and describe the stages of labor.

14.1 Sexual Reproduction   - Reading: Boundless: “Brief Overview of Male and Female Reproductive System” Link: Boundless: “Brief Overview of Male and Female Reproductive System” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read this article, which provides an overview of human sexual reproduction, and both male and female reproductive systems.
 
Reading this article should take approximately 45 minutes.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It is attributed to Boundless, and the original version can be found here.

14.2 Male Reproductive System   - Reading: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “The Male Reproductive System” Link: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “The Male Reproductive System” (HTML)

 Instructions: Click on the link above and read this webpage to
learn more about the structure, function, and physiology of the male
reproductive system including puberty and aging. Notice how a male’s
hormones play a big role in development. Like all endocrine systems,
the gonads are regulated through feedback mechanisms.  

 Reading this webpage should take approximately 2 hours.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

14.3 Female Reproductive System   - Reading: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “The Female Reproductive System” Link: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “The Female Reproductive System” (HTML)

 Instructions: Click on the link above and read this webpage to
learn more about the structure, function, and physiology of the
female reproductive system, including the external and internal
genitals. Estrogen plays an important role in female functioning,
including bone health, metabolism, and of course reproductive
function.  

 Reading this webpage should take approximately 2 hours.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

14.4 The Menstrual Cycle   - Web Media: YouTube: Robert Winter’s “The Menstrual Cycle: Part 1” and “The Menstrual Cycle: Part 2” Link: YouTube: Robert Winter’s “The Menstrual Cycle: Part 1” and “The Menstrual Cycle: Part 2” (YouTube)

 Instructions: Click on the links above and watchthese videos for a
detailed visual illustration of the menstrual cycle and its
regulation via positive and negative feedback loops.  

 Watching these videos and pausing to take notes should take
approximately 30 minutes.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “The Female Reproductive Cycle” and “Ovarian and Uterine Cycles” Link: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “The Female Reproductive Cycle” (HTML) and “Ovarian and Uterine Cycles” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read the sections “The Female Reproductive Cycle” and “Ovarian and Uterine Cycles” to learn about the hormonal and physical processes surrounding female fertility and menstruation.

    Reading these sections should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

14.5 Fertilization, Pregnancy, and Labor   - Reading: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “Pregnancy and Birth” Link: Wikibooks’ Human Physiology: “Pregnancy and Birth” (HTML)

 Instructions: Click on the link above and read this webpage to
learn about the fertilization of egg and sperm cells, trimesters in
pregnancy, and stages of labor.  

 Reading this webpage should take approximately 2 hours.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Assessment: McGraw-Hill Online Learning Center: Seeley, Stephens, & Tate’s “Reproductive System: Clinical Application One” and “Reproductive System: Clinical Application Two” Link: McGraw-Hill Online Learning Center: Seeley, Stephens, & Tate’s “Reproductive System: Clinical Application One” (HTML) and “Reproductive System: Clinical Application Two” (HTML)

    Instructions: Click on the links above, read these examples, and respond to the questions that follow after working through the materials in this unit. Click the “Submit Answers” button at the bottom of the page for instant feedback.

    Completing these assessments should take approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: McGraw-Hill Online Learning Center: Seeley, Stephens, & Tate’s “Reproductive System: Chapter Quiz” and Stuart Ira Fox’s “Reproductive System: Critical Thinking Exercises” Link: McGraw-Hill Online Learning Center: Seeley, Stephens, & Tate’s “Reproductive System: Chapter Quiz” (HTML) and Stuart Ira Fox’s “Reproductive System: Critical Thinking Exercises” (HTML)

    Instructions: Click on the links above and complete the quizzes to demonstrate your understanding of reproductive system physiology after working through the materials in this subunit.

    Completing these assessments should take approximately 1 hour.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.