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BIO302: Human Anatomy

Unit 5: Nervous System   The nervous system regulates both unconscious reflexes and intentional movements.  We will begin this unit by studying nerve cells and their supporting matrix.  Then, we will look at the gross anatomy of the central and peripheral nervous systems.  Specifically, you will learn the lobes of the brain, the 12 cranial nerves that connect the brain to the spinal cord, and the functional regions of the spinal cord.  We will also study the autonomic nerve network, which regulates visceral function (i.e. breathing and digestion) as well at the somatic nerve network, which regulates intentional movements and reflexes.

Unit 5 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 18 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 5.1: 5 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2: 10 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2.1: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2.3: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 5.2.4: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 5.3: 3 hours

Unit5 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:
- Define the structures and functions of nervous tissue. - Describe the structures and functions of nervous system divisions. - Name the cranial nerves and their functions. - Describe the structure of the spinal cord and name the spinal cord tracts. - Name the major regions of the brain and describe the functions of each region. - Explain the main divisions of the peripheral nervous system and their functions.

5.1 Nervous Tissue   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Neurohistology”: Lecture 22, Lecture 23, and Lecture 24 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Neurohistology”: Lecture 22 (YouTube), Lecture 23 (YouTube), and Lecture 24 (YouTube)

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 22 (beginning 19 minutes into the
video), the entirety of Lectures 23 (50:29 minutes), and the
beginning of Lecture 24 (up until 14 minutes 20 sec into the video)
to learn about the anatomy of nervous tissue.  As you watch, please
pay attention to the structure of both neurons and neuroglia.  
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBoC8LNUrTU), [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWnUo6nq-XY),
and [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LG0J20qnZE).  This video
is released under a [Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No
Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/). 
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 1 - “Structure of the Nervous System” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 1 - “Structure of the Nervous System”(HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read this page to learn about each of the different types of nervous tissue listed below - neurons and neuroglia.  This text has particularly helpful and simple illustrations that summarize its points.  Pay particular attention to the illustrations and the landmarks indicated therein.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is in the Public Domain.

  • Web Media: John Kimball’s “Animal Tissues” Link: John Kimball’s “Animal Tissues” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: After accessing the webpage above using the hyperlink, click on “4. Nerve” for information about the anatomy of nervous tissue.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: Khan Academy’s “Anatomy of a Neuron” Links: YouTube: Khan Academy’s “Anatomy of a Neuron” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: Please watch this video (approximately 6 minutes) for an in-depth look at the specifics of neuron anatomy.
     
    Terms of Use: This video is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerives United States License 3.0.  It is attributed to the Khan Academy. 

  • Reading: John Kimball’s “Organization of the Nervous System” Link: John Kimball’s “Organization of the Nervous System” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please read this webpage to learn about nerve cells and the organization of the nervous system.  The “Cranial Nerves” portion of this reading also applies to subunit 5.2.2.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Functional Organization of Nervous Tissue” Labeling Exercises Link: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Functional Organization of Nervous Tissue” Labeling Exercises (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please complete the labeling exercises to demonstrate your understanding of the structure of the nervous system after you have worked through the materials in subunit 4.1.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.2 Central Nervous System   5.2.1 Development of Nervous System   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Development of Nervous System” and “Spinal Cord and Nerves”: Lecture 24 and Lecture 25 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Development of Nervous System” and “Spinal Cord and Nerves”: Lecture 24andLecture 25

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 24 (beginning 14min 20sec into
the video) and the entirety of Lecture 25 to learn about the
developmental anatomy of the nervous system.    
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LG0J20qnZE) and [here ](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9fNxlNLn1A). 
This video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).    
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 2 - “Development of the Nervous System” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 2 - “Development of the Nervous System” (PDF)
     
    Also available in:

    EPUB

    Instructions: Please read this page to learn about the development of the nervous system in an embryo.  This text features particularly helpful illustrations that summarize its points.  Pay particular attention to the illustrations and the landmarks indicated therein.
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the Public Domain. 

5.2.2 Cranial Nerves   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Spinal Cord and Nerves”: Lecture 26 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Spinal Cord and Nerves
 
Instructions: Please view Lecture 26 (until 22min into the video) to learn about the cranial nerves.  
 
Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of California – Berkeley’s Webcast.Berkeley.  The original version can be found here.  This video is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.  

  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 5 - “The Cranial Nerves” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 5 - “The Cranial Nerves”(PDF)

    Also available in:

    EPUB

    Instructions: Please read Section 5 (“The Cranial Nerves”) of Chapter IX - “Neurology” to learn about the twelve nerves that connect the brain to other parts of the nervous system. 
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the Public Domain. 

  • Reading: John Kimball’s “Organization of the Nervous System” Link: John Kimball’s “Organization of the Nervous System” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read the portion titled “The Cranial Nerves” to review the names and functions of the cranial nerves.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Brain and Cranial Nerves” Labeling Exercises and Quiz Link: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Brain and Cranial Nerves” Labeling Exercises (HTML) and “Brain and Cranial Nerves” Quiz (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please complete this labeling exercise and the quiz after you have worked through the materials to test your understanding of the anatomy of the brain.  Click on each hyperlink on the webpage to open up a new window with a labeling exercise.  After completing the quiz, click on the “Submit Answers” button at the bottom of the page to check your results.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.2.3 Spinal Cord   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Spinal Cord and Nerves”: Lecture 26, Lecture 27, and Lecture 28 Link:  UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Spinal Cord and Nerves”: Lecture 26, Lecture 27, and Lecture 28

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 26 (beginning at 22 minutes into
the video), the entirety of Lecture 27 (about 49 minutes), and the
beginning of Lecture 28 (up until 5 minutes 20 seconds into the
video) to learn about the anatomy of the spinal cord.    
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-BEwOOEegKA), [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zxUJ7qTJRi8),
and [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4p-pkTkutU).  This video
is released under a [Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No
Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Sections 3 - “The Spinal Cord or Medulla Spinalis” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 3 - “The Spinal Cord or Medulla Spinalis” (PDF)
     
    Also available in:

    EPUB

    Instructions: Please read Section 3 of Chapter IX - “Neurology” to learn about the anatomy of the spinal cord. 
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the Public Domain. 

  • Reading: John Kimball’s “The Human Central Nervous System” Link: John Kimball’s “The Human Central Nervous System” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read the section titled “The Spinal Cord” for an overview of the anatomy and regions of the spinal cord.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves” Labeling Exercises and “Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves” Quiz (HTML) Link: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves” Labeling Exercises (HTML) and “Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves” Quiz(HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please complete the labeling exercises after you have worked through the materials under this subunit.  Click on each hyperlink on the webpage to open up a new window with a labeling exercise.  After you complete the quiz, click on the “Submit Answers” button at the bottom of the webpage to check your answers.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.2.4 The Brain   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Motor Pathways & Forebrain”: Lecture 28, Lecture 29, and Lecture 30 Link:  UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Motor Pathways & Forebrain”: Lecture 28, Lecture 29, and Lecture 30

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 28 (beginning 5min 20sec into the
video), the entirety of Lecture 29, and the beginning of Lecture 30
(until 8min 40sec into the video) to learn about the anatomy of the
brain.  
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4p-pkTkutU),  [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2hqiIrx5dME),
and [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hyOQ6Dg4_E&feature=channel). 
This video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
  • Reading: Bartleby.com’s version of Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 4 - “The Brain or Encephalon” Link: Bartleby.com’s version of Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 4 - “The Brain or Encephalon” (PDF)
     
    Also available in:

    EPUB

    Instructions: Please read Section 4 (“The Brain or Encephalon”) of Chapter IX - “Neurology” to learn about the anatomy of the brain, the very center of our nervous system.  Scroll down the Table of Contents page to find this chapter.  Each section within the chapter can be accessed by clicking the corresponding links within the Table of Contents.  
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

5.3 Peripheral Nervous System   - Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 7 - “The Spinal Nerves” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body:  Chapter IX - Neurology, Section 6 - “The Spinal Nerves”(PDF)
 
Also available in:

[EPUB](http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BIO302-ch9-Bartleby.com_.epub)  

 Instructions: Please read Section 7 of Chapter IX - “Neurology” to
learn about the spinal nerves which connect the spinal cord to the
overall peripheral nervous system in the body.     
    
 Terms of Use: This material is part of the Public Domain. 

5.3.1 Autonomic Nervous System: Sympathetic and Parasympathetic   - Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX: Neurology, Section 7: “The Sympathetic Nerves” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IX: Neurology, Section 7: “The Sympathetic Nerves”(PDF)
 
Also available in: 

[EPUB](http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BIO302-ch9-Bartleby.com_.epub)  

 Instructions: This reading is optional.  If so desired, please read
Section 7 (“The Sympathetic Nerves”) of Chapter IX: “Neurology” for
a more in-depth discussion of the innervation of the sympathetic
nervous system.   
    
 Terms of Use: This material is part of the Public Domain. 
  • Reading: John Kimball’s Biology Pages: “The Autonomic Nervous System” Link: John Kimball’s Biology Pages: “The Autonomic Nervous System” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please read this page, starting at the section entitled “The Autonomic Nervous System,” to learn about the structure and function of the segment of our peripheral nervous system that acts “involuntarily” or unconsciously.  This reading covers both the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic systems, as listed below.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Autonomic Nervous System” Labeling Exercises and Quiz Link: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Autonomic Nervous System” Labeling Exercises (HTML) and “Autonomic Nervous System” Quiz (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Please complete the labeling exercises and the quiz to demonstrate your understanding of the anatomy of the autonomic nervous system.  Click on each hyperlink on the webpage to open up a new window with a labeling exercise.   After you complete the quiz, click on the “Submit Answers” button at the bottom of the webpage to redirect to the answer key.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

5.3.2 Somatic Nervous System   - Reading: Wikipedia’s “Somatic Nervous System” Link: Wikipedia’s “Somatic Nervous System”(PDF)
 
Instructions: Please read this page to learn about the innervation of the somatic nervous system, which governs voluntary movements.
 
Terms of Use: The article above is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 (HTML).  You can find the original Wikipedia version of this article here.