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BIO302: Human Anatomy

Unit 4: Muscular System   Muscles hold the skeletal framework together, enable us to move, and allow us to react to our environment.  In this unit, we will learn about muscular tissues at the microscopic level before reviewing muscle naming conventions and learning the names of all of the major muscles in the body (by region and by function).  Upon completion of this unit, you should be able to identify which muscles work together in groups and how an injury to one muscle can affect the function of others.

Unit 4 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 22.5 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 4.1: 4.5 hours

☐    Subunit 4.2: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 4.3: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 4.3.1: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 4.3.2: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 4.4: 2 hour

☐    Subunit 4.5: 2 hour

☐    Subunit 4.6: 4 hours

Unit4 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Describe criteria applied to name muscles. - Name and identify the muscles located in the head, neck, upper and lower limbs, abdomen, and thorax. - Describe the structure and functions of muscle tissue.

4.1 Naming of Muscles   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 8 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 8

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 8 (up to 19 minutes into the
video) to learn about the naming of muscles.  You will view the
remainder of the video in the next subunit 4.2 to learn about
muscles of the head and neck.  
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpQ1S7ARs-k).  This
video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).  

4.2 Muscles of Head and Neck   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 8 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 8

 Instructions: Please view Lectures 8 (starting 19 min into the
video) to learn about the muscles of the head and neck.  As you
watch, please pay particular attention to the muscles involved in
facial expression and movement of the head, as listed in the
subtopics below.  
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California –
Berkeley’s [Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The
original version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpQ1S7ARs-k).  This
video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).  
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Sections 4 - “The Fasciae and Muscles of the Head” and 5 - “The Fasciae and Muscles of the Anterolateral Region of the Neck” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Sections 4 “The Fasciae and Muscles of the Head” and 5 - “The Fasciae and Muscles of the Anterolateral Region of the Neck” (PDF)
     
    Also available in: 

    EPUB

    Instructions: Click the links above and read each section in its entirety.  As you read, pay particular attention to the muscles involved in facial expression and head movement.
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

4.3 Muscles of Upper Arms   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 9 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 9

 Instructions: Please watch Lecture 9 (until 42min 30sec into the
video) to learn about the muscles of the upper limb, including the
shoulder, arms, and hands. Each of the subtopics listed below in
3.3.1 - 3.3.3 will be covered.    
    
 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSeCYT1g6eo).  This
video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).

4.3.1 Shoulder and Upper Arm   - Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Sections 7c - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Shoulder” and 7d - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Arm Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 7c - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Shoulder”and 7d - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Arm” (PDF)

 Also available in:   

[EPUB](http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BIO302-ch4-Bartleby.com_.epub)  

 Instructions: Please read these two pages to learn about the
muscular anatomy of the shoulder and upper arm.  
    
 Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

4.3.2 Forearm   - Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 7e - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Forearm” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 7e - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Forearm” (PDF)
 
Also available in:

[EPUB](http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BIO302-ch4-Bartleby.com_.epub)  

 Instructions: Please read this page to learn about the muscular
anatomy of the forearm.  
    
 Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

4.3.3 Wrist and Hand   - Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 7f - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Hand” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 7f - “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Hand”(PDF)
 
Also available in:

[EPUB](http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BIO302-ch4-Bartleby.com_.epub)  

 Instructions: Please read this page to learn about the muscular
anatomy of the wrist and hand.  
    
 Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

4.4 Muscles of the Thorax and Abdomen   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 9 and Lecture 10 Link:  UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 9 and Lecture 10

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 9 (starting 42min 30sec into the
video) and Lecture 10 (until 14min 30sec into the video) to learn
about the muscles in the thoracic and abdominal areas.  As you
watch, please pay particular attention to the muscles in each of the
areas listed below in subtopics 3.4.1 - 3.4.4.  

 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSeCYT1g6eo) and [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4xUnplkc6g).
 This video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 6 - “The Fasciae and Muscles of the Trunk” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 6 - “The Fasciae and Muscles of the Trunk”(PDF)
     
    Also available in:

    EPUB

    Instructions: Click the link above and read the chapter in its entirety.
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

4.5 Muscles of Hip and Lower Limbs   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 10 and Lecture 11 Link: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 10 and Lecture 11

 Please view Lecture 10 (starting at 14 minutes 30 seconds into the
video) and Lecture 11 (up until 20 minutes and 30 seconds into the
video) to learn about the muscles of the hip, knee, and foot.  

 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4xUnplkc6g) and [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DlAZJeFrrE) .
 This video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV: Myology, Section 8: “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Lower Extremity” Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 8: “The Muscles and Fasciae of the Lower Extremity” (PDF)
     
    Also available in:

    EPUB

    Instructions: Click the link above and read the chapter to its entirety.  As you read, pay particular attention to how the muscles attach to the hip, knee, and foot, as listed in the subtopics below.
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

4.6 Muscular Tissue   - Lecture: UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 11 Link:  UC Berkeley: Professor Marian Diamond’s General Human Anatomy “Muscular System”: Lecture 11

 Instructions: Please view Lecture 11 (starting 20min 30sec into the
video) to learn about muscular tissue.  As you watch, please pay
particular attention to the subtopics listed below in 3.6.1 -
3.6.4.  

 Terms of Use: The above video is reposted from the University of
California – Berkeley’s
[Webcast.Berkeley](http://webcast.berkeley.edu/).  The original
version can be
found [here](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DlAZJeFrrE) .  This
video is released under a [Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported
License](http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
  • Reading: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Sections 1, 2, and 3 - “The Mechanics of Muscle” through “Tendons, Aponeuroses, and Fasciae”  Link: Gray’s Anatomy of the Human Body: Chapter IV - Myology, Section 1, 2, and 3 - “The Mechanics of Muscle” through “Tendons, Aponeuroses, and Fasciae” (PDF)

    Also available in:

    EPUB
     
    Instructions: Read the sections linked above.  As you read, pay particular attention to understanding the anatomy of muscle, the connective tissue that holds the muscular system together, the difference between muscle fiber types, and how they work together, as listed in the subtopics below.
     
    Terms of Use: This material is part of the public domain. 

  • Reading: John Kimball’s “Animal Tissues" and Michael Farabee’s: “Animal Cells and Tissues” Link: John Kimball’s “Animal Tissues” (HTML) and Micael Farabee’s: “Animal Cells and Tissues” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: After accessing the Kimball webpage above using the hyperlink, click on “2. muscle” in the table of contents. Then review the section titled “Muscle Tissue” in “Animal Cells and Tissues” for information about the anatomy of muscle tissue.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Interactive Lab: Get Body Smart’s “Functional Anatomy of the Skeletal Muscles” Tutorial Link: Get Body Smart’s “Functional Anatomy of the Skeletal Muscles” Tutorial (HTML and Adobe Flash)

    Instructions: Please use this tutorial to learn the names and functions of the muscles in the body.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

Unit 4 Assessment   - Assessment: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Muscular System: Gross Anatomy” Labeling Exercises and“Muscular System: Gross Anatomy” Quiz Link: McGraw-Hill’s Online Learning Center “Muscular System: Gross Anatomy” Labeling Exercises (HTML) and “Muscular System: Gross Anatomy” Quiz (HTML)

 Instructions: Once you complete this unit, please complete these
labeling exercises to test your understanding of the major muscle
groups in the body.  Click on each hyperlink on the webpage to open
up a new window with a labeling exercise.  After you complete the
quiz, you may want to click on the “Submit Answers” button to
redirect to the answer key.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.