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ARTH406: Buddhist Art

Unit 2: Buddhist Art and Architecture in Southeast Asia   This unit examines Theravada and Mahayana Buddhist art and architecture from Southeast Asia, where Buddhism often coexisted alongside Hinduism after the sixth century.  It begins with an overview of Southeast Asian Buddhism and art.  Then, the unit focuses on Buddhist art and architecture created during the reigns of the Sailendra kings of Java (8th-9th century), King Jayavarman VII of Cambodia (the Khmer ruler of the late 12th and early 13th centuries), the Pagan rulers of Myanmar (11th-14th centuries), and the Ayutthaya rulers of Thailand (1351–1767).  After completing this unit, you will be able to identify major Southeast Asian Buddhist monuments and artworks and the important role that Buddhist and Hindu art played in definitions of Southeast Asian kingship.

Unit 2 Time Advisory
This unit should take you approximately 35 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 2.1: 7 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2: 10 hours

☐    Guided Observation 2: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 2.3: 5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.4: 8 hours

☐    Subunit 2.5: 5 hours

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Identify, compare, and contrast the major Buddhist schools and their associated artistic traditions in Southeast Asia.
  • Identify major works of Buddhist art and architecture in Indonesia, Cambodia, Burma, and Thailand.
  • Analyze Buddhist monuments and architecture.
  • Compare and contrast the patronage of Buddhist monuments and works of art in different parts of Southeast Asia.

2.1 Buddhist Art and Architecture in Southeast Asia   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s “The Arts of South and Southeast Asia: A Resource for Educators” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s “The Arts of South and Southeast Asia: A Resource for Educators” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please download this resource by clicking on the link
at the bottom of the page labeled, “Download the Resource
(PDF).” Then read the sections: “Southeast Asia,” “Buddhism and
Hinduism in Southeast Asia,” and “Southeast Asian Art” on pages
9-11, 20, and 40-43 of the PDF file.  
    
 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Forrest McGill’s “Introduction to the Arts of Southeast Asia” Parts I and II Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Forrest McGill’s “Introduction to the Arts of Southeast Asia” Parts I and II (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Choose the hyperlinks for lectures 1 and 2 from the list on this webpage.  Please view both lectures in their entirety.

    Note on the Link: These lectures by Forrest McGill are part of the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco's “Sacred Lands, Sacred Traditions” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.2 Art and Architecture of the Saliendra Kings: Borobudur (8th-9th Centuries)   - Reading: PBS’s Treasures of the World: “Borobudur: Pathway to Enlightenment,” “Historical Records,” “Borobudur Revealed,” “Building Borobudur,” “Guide to Enlightenment,” “More about the Panels,” “The Galleries,” “The Hidden Panels,” and “The Upper Terraces” Links: PBS’s Treasures of the World:Borobudur: Pathway to Enlightenment,” “Historical Records,” “Borobudur Revealed,” “Building Borobudur,” “Guide to Enlightenment,” “More about the Panels,” “The Galleries,” “The Hidden Panels,” and “The Upper  Terraces 
 
Note: all website are in HTML format.
 
Instructions: Please read the above webpages about the temple of Borobudur.  You may click on each individual hyperlink above, or you may click on the hyperlinks for each title in the table of contents under “Borobudur” on the initial webpage “Borobudur: Pathway to Enlightenment.”
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpages above.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Natahsa Reichle’s “Borobudur” Parts I and II Link: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Natasha Reichle’s “Borobudur” Parts I and II (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Click on the hyperlink “View in iTunes” for lecture 30 and 31 in the list on this webpage.  Please view both of these lectures in their entirety.

    Note on the Link: These lectures by Natasha Reichle are part of the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco's “Passport to Asia” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Guided Observation 2: Understanding Buddhist Architecture” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

2.3 Khmer Buddhist Art and Architecture under Jayavarman VII (c. 1181-1218)   2.3.1 Khmer Buddhist Sculpture   - Reading: The Saylor Foundation’s “Khmer Buddhist Sculpture during the Reign of Jayavarman VII” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)

2.3.2 Khmer Buddhist Architecture   - Reading: Asian Historical Architecture’s “Preah Khan Temple” Link: Asian Historical Architecture’s “Preah KhanTemple” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read this overview of the Preah Khan Temple. 
Make sure to look at the images in the photo gallery at the top of
the webpage.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Asian Historical Architecture’s “Ankgor Thom South Gate” Link: Asian Historical Architecture’s “Angkor Thom South Gate” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please read this overview of Angkor Thom.  Make sure to look at the images in the photo gallery at the top of the page.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Asian Historical Architecture’s “Bayon Temple” Link: Asian Historical Architecture’s “Bayon Temple” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please read this overview of the Bayon Temple.  Make sure to look at the images in the photo gallery at the top of the page.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4 Pagan Buddhist Art and Architecture (11-14th centuries)   2.4.1 The City of Pagan   - Reading: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 1: Introduction and City Plan of Pagan” Link: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 1: Introduction and City Plan of Pagan” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the section titled “A. Introduction and General History” about the city of Pagan from Chapter 3 of Dr. Cooler’s text.
 
Note on the Text: Dr. Richard M. Cooler is Professor Emeritus of Art History of Southeast Asia and former Director of the Center for Burma Studies at Northern Illinois University.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4.2 Pagan Stupas   - Reading: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 2: General Characteristics and Stupas” Link: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 2: Architecture 1: General Characteristics and Stupas” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entire Part 2 text about Pagan stupas.
 
Note on the Text: Dr. Richard M. Cooler is Professor Emeritus of Art History of Southeast Asia and former Director of the Center for Burma Studies at Northern Illinois University.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4.3 Pagan Temples and Monasteries   - Reading: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 3: Architecture 2: Temples and Monasteries” Link: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 3: Architecture 2: Temples and Monasteries” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read this entire Part 3 text about Pagan temples and monasteries.
 
Note on the Text: Dr. Richard M. Cooler is Professor Emeritus of Art History of Southeast Asia and former Director of the Center for Burma Studies at Northern Illinois University.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4.4 Pagan Buddhist Art   - Reading: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma: “Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 4: Sculpture, Conclusion and Bibliography” Link: Northern Illinois University: Dr. Richard M. Cooler’s The Art and Culture of Burma:Chapter 3: The Pagan Period, Part 4: Sculpture, Conclusion, and Bibliography” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read the entire Part 4 text on Pagan Buddhist art.
 
Note on the Text: Dr. Richard M. Cooler is Professor Emeritus of Art History of Southeast Asia and former Director of the Center for Burma Studies at Northern Illinois University.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Don Stadtner’s “Burma: The Three Jewels of Pagan and the Ananda Temple” Parts I and II Link: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Don Stadtner’s “Burma: The Three Jewels of Pagan and the Ananda Temple” Parts I and II (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Click on the hyperlink titled “View in iTunes” for lectures 49 and 50 from the list on this webpage.  Please view the entirety of both lectures.

    Note on the Link: These lectures by Don Stadtner are part of the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco's “Passport to Asia” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.5 Buddhist Art and Architecture of the Ayutthaya Kingdom (1251-1767)   - Reading: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “The Kingdom of Siam: The Art of Central Thailand, 1350-1800” Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “The Kingdom of Siam: The Art of Central Thailand, 1350-1800” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Please read this introduction to the Ayutthaya Kingdom, Ayutthayan Art, and the first major exhibition of Ayutthayan Art in 2005.
 
Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.