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ARTH305: Arts of Asia

Unit 2: The Art and Architecture of China   This unit introduces the art and architecture of China from the Shang (c.1600-1050 BCE) through the Qing (1644-1911) dynasties.  Examining art from first millennium BCE through second century CE tombs, it begins by looking at the “Great Bronze Age of China” and the role that art played in the founding of the first Chinese Empires.  We will then focus on the introduction of Buddhism to China and its role in Chinese art through the Tang Dynasty (618-907).  The unit concludes by exploring the development of three artistic traditions—calligraphy, painting, and porcelain—in the Song (960-1279) through Qing Dynasties.  After completing this unit, you will have a comprehensive understanding of the major artistic traditions of China and their relationship to contemporary political, social, and religious developments.

Unit 2 Time Advisory
This unit should take you 45 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 2.1: 10 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2: 7.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.3: 10 hours

☐    Subunit 2.4: 10 hours

☐    Guided Observation 2 (subunit 2.4.3): 2-3 hours

☐    Subunit 2.5: 7.5 hours

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Identify major pre-modern Chinese works of art and architecture.
  • Identify, compare, and contrast major Chinese artistic and architectural developments.
  • Recognize how Chinese political, social, economic and religious developments impacted artistic production.
  • Look at and analyze Chinese landscape paintings.

2.1 The Great Bronze Age of China: Shang and Zhou (1766-221 BCE)   - Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Michael Knight’s “Bronze as a Symbol of Power During China’s Bronze Age” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Michael Knight’s “Bronze as a Symbol of Power During China’s Bronze Age” Lectures (iTunes U)
 
Instructions: Please view the entirety of Lectures 7 and 8 by Michael Knight from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Art and Propaganda” lecture series.

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.1 The Shang (c.1600-c.1050 BCE)   - Reading: The National Gallery: Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology’s “Bronze Age China” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

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  • Reading: The National Gallery: Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology’s “More on Bronze Vessels” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

  • Reading: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Shang Tomb of Lady Fu Hao,” “Bronzes from Fu Hao’s Tomb,” and “Jade from Fu Hao’s Tomb” Links: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Shang Tomb of Lady Fu Hao,”(HTML) “Bronzes from Fu Hao’s Tomb,”(HTML) and “Jade from Fu Hao’s Tomb”(HTML)

    Instructions: Please read the above webpages to learn about the tomb of Lady Fu Hao.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The National Gallery: Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology’s “More about the Finds at Sanxingdui” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

2.1.2 The Western Zhou (c. 1050-771-BCE)   - Reading: The National Gallery: Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology’s “More on the Western Zhou” and “Object 10: Shi Qiang bronze vessel (pan)” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)
  • Reading: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Zhou Tomb of the Count of Yu” and “Bronzes from Count Yu’s Tomb” Links: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Zhou Tomb of the Count of Yu” (HTML) and “Bronzes from Count Yu’s Tomb” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please read the above websites to learn about the Tomb of Count Yu.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.1.3 Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods (771-221 BCE)   - Reading: The National Gallery: Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology’s “Chu and Other Cultures” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

[Submit Materials](/contribute/)
  • Reading: The National Gallery: Teaching the Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology’s “More on the Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

2.2 Qin and Han (221 BCE-220 CE)   2.2.1 The Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE)   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Qin Dynasty” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Qin Dynasty” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the entire webpage for an overview of
major developments during the Qin dynasty.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Web Media: Vimeo: Michael North’s “Terracotta Warriors” Link: Vimeo: Michael North’s “Terracotta Warriors” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: View the unearthing of the terracotta warriors at the Tomb of Emperor Xi’an in this short video.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license. It is attributed to Michael North and the original version can be found here.

  • Web Media: 1001 Wonders’s Interactive Panorama of the Main Pit of the Tomb of the First Emperor The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Jeffrey Riegel’s “Archaeology of the First Emperor’s Tomb, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Jeffrey Riegel’s “Archaeology of the First Emperor’s Tomb, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: These lectures are optional.  Should you choose to view them, please watch the entirety of Lectures 3 and 4 by Professor Jeffrey Riegel from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “China: Art and Culture” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.2.2 The Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 220 CE)   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Vibrant Role of Mingqi in Early Chinese Burials” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Vibrant Role of Mingqi in Early Chinese Burials” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read the text about the importance of mingqi in
Chinese burials.  After you are finished, click on “View Slideshow”
and view examples of mingqi dating to the Han dynasty and later
periods in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click on each individual
image and read the accompanying text.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: Archaeology’s “Photo Gallery: The Excavation of Lady Dai’s Tomb” and “Photo Gallery: A Selection of Artifacts from Mawangdui” Link: Archaeology’s “Photo Gallery: The Excavation of Lady Dai’s Tomb” (Adobe Flash) and “Photo Gallery: A Selection of Artifacts from Mawangdui” (Adobe Flash)

    Instructions: Look at the above two photo galleries that showcase the Han dynasty tomb of Lady Dai at Mawangdui.  Click on each picture and read the captions.  Make sure to click on the arrows at either end of the pictures to make sure you have viewed all the images.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Liu Sheng’s Tomb,” “Liu Sheng’s Bronzes,” and “Liu Sheng’s Jades” Link: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Liu Sheng’s Tomb,” (HTML)“Liu Sheng’s Bronzes,” (HTML)and “Liu Sheng’s Jades”(HTML)

    Instructions: Please read the above websites to learn about the tomb of Liu Sheng.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: Cornell University’s “The Journey: A Han Dynasty Tomb” Link: Cornell University’s “The Journey: A Han Dynasty Tomb” (Adobe Flash)

    Instructions: Clink on the link to explore a fictional Han dynasty tomb.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Princeton University Art Museum’s “’Wu Family Shrines’ Pictorial Stones” Link: Princeton University Art Museum’s “‘Wu Family Shrines’ Pictorial Stones” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read the text to learn about the third century Wu Family Shrines.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above. Note that the images are rubbings of stone tomb reliefs.

  • Web Media: Princeton University Art Museums “Wu Family Shrines’ Interactive” Link: Princeton University Art Museums “Wu Family Shrines’ Interactive” (Quicktime)

    Instructions: Explore the interactive site above to see different types of imagery that appear on Han dynasty stone tomb reliefs.  Note that the images are rubbings of stone tomb reliefs.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: Professor Anthony J. Barbieri-Low’s Computer Reconstruction of the “Wu Family Shrines” Cemetery Site Link: Professor Anthony J. Barbieri-Low’s Computer Reconstruction of the “Wu Family Shrines” Cemetery Site (Quicktime)

    Instructions: “Visit” the site of the Wu Family Shrines in this interactive.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Patricia Berger’s “Rethinking Han Dynasty Tombs, Part 1 and 2” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Patricia Berger’s “Rethinking Han Dynasty Tombs, Part 1 and 2” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please view the entirety of Lectures 3 and 4 by Professor Patricia Berger from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Passport to Asia: An Odyssey through Asian Art and History” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The British Museum’s “China: Han Dynasty (206 BC–AD 220),” “Pilaster from a Tomb,” “Ceramic Liubo Players,” “Glazed Stoneware Jar,” “Glazed Pottery Pond with Figures,” “Chinese Han Lacquer Cup,” “Jade Eye Plaques,” “Jade Cicada,” “Lacquered Box,” and “Bronze Belt Hook” Links: The British Museum’s “China: Han Dynasty (206 BC–AD 220),” (PDF),  “Pilaster from a Tomb,” (PDF),   “Ceramic Liubo Players,” (PDF),  “Glazed Stoneware Jar,”(PDF),  “Glazed Pottery Pond with Figures,” (PDF), “Chinese Han Lacquer Cup,” (PDF), “Jade Eye Plaques,” (PDF), “Jade Cicada,” (PDF),  “Lacquered Box,” (PDF) and “Bronze Belt Hook” (PDF)
     
    Instructions: Please read these pages as an introduction to the Han dynasty and Han Dynasty Art.
     
    Terms of Use: The material above has been reposted with permission for academic, noncommercial use by The British Museum. It can be viewed in its original form here.
    (HTML).

2.3 Period of Disunion, Sui and Tang Dynasties (220-906)   2.3.1 The Period of Disunion and Chinese Buddhism   - Reading: "Spiritual Traditions of China" Internet Resources Site’s “The Buddha and Buddhism: China” Link: "Spiritual Traditions of China" Internet Resources Site’s “The Buddha and Buddhism: China” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the text for an overview of the
introduction of Buddhism to China and Chinese Buddhist Art.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Northern and Southern Dynasties” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Northern and Southern Dynasties” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read the brief introduction that covers the major developments during the Northern and Southern dynasties.  After you have read the text, click on “View Slideshow” and view examples of art from this period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click on each individual image and read the accompanying text.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Buddhist Cave Temples” Link: Patricia Buckley Ebrey’s A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization: “Buddhist Cave Temples” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please read the entire webpage to learn about the three major centers of Buddhist caves in China: Dunhuang, Yungang, and Longmen.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: 1001 Wonders’s Interactive Map of the Yungang Caves The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

  • Web Media: YouTube - Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Chinese Buddhist Cave Shrines” Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Chinese Buddhist Cave Shrines” (YouTube)

    Also available in:
    iTunes U

    Instructions: Please watch the video in its entirety (4.5 mins).

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Robert Sharf’s “Chinese Buddhism, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Robert Sharf’s “Chinese Buddhism, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: These lectures are optional.  Should you choose to watch them, please view the entirety of Lectures 7 and 8 by Professor Robert Sharf from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “China: Art and Culture” lecture series.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.3.2 The Tang Dynasty (618-907)   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Internationalism in the Tang Dynasty” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Internationalism in the Tang Dynasty” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read about the international, cosmopolitan capital of
the Tang dynasty, Chang’an.  After you have read the text, click on
“View Slideshow” and view examples of art from this period in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click on each individual image and read
the accompanying text.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

2.4 Song and Yuan Dynasties (960-1368)   2.4.1 The Song Dynasty (960-1279)   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Northern Song Dynasty” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Northern Song Dynasty” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read this overview of the major developments during
the Northern Song dynasty.  After you have read the text, click on
“View Slideshow” and view examples of art from this period in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click on each individual image and read
the accompanying text.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Southern Song Dynasty” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Southern Song Dynasty” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read this overview of the major developments during the Southern Song dynasty.  After you have read the text, click on “View Slideshow” and view examples of art from this period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click on each individual image and read the accompanying text.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

2.4.2 The Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)   - Reading: The British Museum’s “China: Yuan Dynasty (AD 1279–1368),” “Xie Chufang, Fascination of Nature, a Handscroll Painting,” “Blue-and-White Porcelain Fish Dish,” “The Thirteenth Arhat, Ingada, a Hanging Scroll Painting,” and “Qian Xuan, Young Nobleman on Horseback, a Handscroll Painting” Links: The British Museum’s“China: Yuan Dynasty (AD 1279–1368),” (PDF) “Xie Chufang, Fascination of Nature, a Handscroll Painting,” (PDF), “Blue-and-White Porcelain Fish Dish,” (PDF), “The Thirteenth Arhat, Ingada, a Hanging Scroll Painting,” (PDF) and “Qian Xuan, Young Nobleman on Horseback, a Handscroll Painting” (PDF)

 Instructions: Please read these pages as an introduction to the
Yuan dynasty and Yuan Dynasty Art.   

 Terms of Use: The material above has been reposted with permission
for academic, noncommercial use by The British Museum. It can be
viewed in its original form [here](http://www.britishmuseum.org/)
(HTML).

2.4.3 Calligraphy and Chinese Landscape and Literati Painting   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Landscape Painting in Chinese Art” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Landscape Painting in Chinese Art” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read this overview of the major
characteristics of Chinese landscape painting. After you have read
the text, click on “View Slideshow” and view examples of Chinese
landscapes in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Click on each
individual image and read the accompanying text. Pay attention to
the time period in which each work was created as the slideshow
includes post-Yuan dynasty landscape painting as well.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.  
  
  • Web Media: YouTube: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Chinese Calligraphy” Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Chinese Calligraphy” (YouTube)

    Also available in:
    iTunes U

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Scholar Officials of China” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Scholar Officials of China” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read this overview of scholar-officials and their place in Chinese society and relationship to the arts.  After you have read the text, click on “View Slideshow” and view examples of art associated with the Chinese scholar-officials in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Melissa Abbe’s “Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Melissa Abe’s “Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: These lectures are optional.  Should you choose to watch them, please view the entirety of Lectures 13 and 14 by Melissa Abbe from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “China: Art and Culture” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Guided Observation 2: Northern Song Monumental Landscape Painting” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

  • Reading: The British Museum’s “Chinese Painting and Calligraphy: Basic Materials” and “Chinese Painting and Calligraphy: Formats” Links: The British Museum’s “Chinese Painting and Calligraphy: Basic Materials,” (PDF) and “Chinese Painting and Calligraphy: Formats” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please read these pages as an introduction to the basic materials used and formats of Chinese painting and calligraphy.

    Terms of Use: The material above has been reposted with permission for academic, noncommercial use by The British Museum. The “Basic Materials” calligraphy page can be viewed in its original form here, (HTML) and the “Formats” calligraphy page can be viewed here (HTML). 

2.5 The Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-1911)   2.5.1 The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)   - Lecture: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Richard Vinograd’s “Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty Painting, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes) Link: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Richard Vinograd’s “Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty Painting, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes)
 
Instructions: These lectures are optional.  Should you choose to watch them, please view the entirety of Lectures 15 and 16 by Professor Richard Vinograd from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “China: Art and Culture” lecture series.

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

2.5.2 The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911): Painting” Links: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911): Painting” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read this overview of the major characteristics of
Qing Dynasty Painting.  After you have read the text, click on “View
Slideshow” and view examples of Qing Dynasty Painting in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click on each individual image and read
the accompanying text.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: The British Museum’s “China: Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)” Link: The British Museum’s “China: Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)

    Instructions: Please read this page an introduction to the Qing dynasty.

    Terms of Use: The material above has been reposted with permission for academic, noncommercial use by The British Museum. It can be viewed in its original form here (HTML).

2.5.3 Ming and Qing Porcelain   - Reading: The British Museum’s “Chinese Porcelain,” “Chinese Porcelain Decoration: Underglaze Blue and Red,” and “Chinese Porcelain Decoration: Overglaze Enamels” Links: The British Museum’s “Chinese Porcelain,” (HTML) “Chinese Porcelain Decoration: Underglaze Blue and Red,” (HTML)and “Chinese Porcelain Decoration: Overglaze Enamels” (HTML)

 Link: Please read these three pages that give an overview of
Chinese Porcelain and Porcelain decoration.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Jar, Ming Dynasty,” “Cup, Ming Dynasty,” “Jar, Ming Dynasty,” “Vase, Qing Dynasty,” and “Vase with Peaches” Links: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Jar, Ming Dynasty," (HTML) “Cup, Ming Dynasty,” (HTML) “Jar, Ming Dynasty,” (HTML) “Vase, Qing Dynasty,” (HTML) and “Vase with Peaches” (HTML)

    Instructions: Please click on the links and read the text accompanying each image.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Robert Mowry’s “Jingdezhen: Porcelain Capital of China and the World, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Robert Mowry’s “Jingdezhen: Porcelain Capital of China and the World, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: These lectures are optional.  Should you choose to watch them, please view the entirety of Lectures 7 and 8 by Professor Robert Mowry from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Passport to Asia: An Odyssey through Asian Art and History” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.