Loading...

ARTH305: Arts of Asia

Unit 1: The Art and Architecture of India   India has a long and rich tradition of art and architecture that dates back to the third millennium BCE.  This unit will cover the arts of India from the Indus Valley Civilization (c. 2600-1900 BCE) through the Mughal Empire (1526-1858).  Focusing on Buddhist, Hindu, and Islamic art, this unit examines the religious role of Indian art while also stressing the impact that political patronage had on the development of religious art and architecture.  After completing this unit, you will have a comprehensive understanding of the major artistic traditions of India and how they have been shaped by Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam.

Unit 1 Time Advisory
This unit should take you 45 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 1.1: 3 hours

☐    Subunit 1.2: 13 hours

☐    Guided Observation 1 (subunit 1.2.3): 3 hours

☐    Subunit 1.3: 12 hours

☐    Subunit 1.4: 12 hours

Unit1 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Identify major pre-modern Indian works of art and architecture.
  • Identify, compare, and contrast major Indian artistic and architectural developments.
  • Identify the core beliefs of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam and their relationship to artistic production.
  • Look at, analyze, and compare and contrast Buddhist sculptures.

1.1 The Indus Valley Civilization (c. 2600-1900 BCE)   - Reading: Tesselar: “Mohenjo Daro: Ancient City of the Indus Valley Civilization” Link: Tesselar: “Mohenjo Daro: Ancient City of the Indus Valley Civilization” (HTML)
 
Instructions: Read this article about the archaeological discoveries made at Mahenjo Daro.
 
Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 2.5 Malaysia License. It is attributed to Tesselar.

  • Web Media: PBS: The Story of India’s “Indus Valley” Link: PBS: The Story of India’s “Indus Valley” (HTML, Adobe Flash)
     
    Instructions: After the above webpage loads, click on “Explore this Topic” and the read the overview of the Indus Valley civilization.  Then click on “Show Hotspots.”  The hotspot “Harrapa” will appear.  Click on it and then read the text and watch the short video.
     
    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

1.2 Buddhist Art and Architecture   1.2.1 Overview of Buddhism and Indian Buddhist Art and Architecture   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Buddhism and Buddhist Art” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Buddhism and Buddhist Art” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read this brief overview of Buddhism and
Buddhist Art.  After you have read the text the page, click on “View
Slideshow” and view some examples of Buddhist Art in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: B. Annapurna Sastri’s “Buddhist Art and Architecture” Link: B. Annapurna Sastri’s “Buddhist Art and Architecture” (HTML)

    Instructions: Plead read this overview of Buddhist Art and Architecture.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: The Victoria and Albert Museum’s “Buddhism and the Life of the Buddha” Link: The Victoria and Albert Museum’s “Buddhism and the Life of the Buddha” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please read this page as an introduction to the life of the Buddha.

    Terms of Use:The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of the Victoria and Albert Museum and can be viewed in its original form here.  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

1.2.2 Emperor Ashoka (c.269-233 BCE) and Early Buddhist Art   - Reading: PBS: The Story of India’s “Edicts of Ashoka” Link: PBS: The Story of India’s “Edicts of Ashoka” (Adobe Flash)

 Instructions: First, read the text about Emperor Ashoka (c.269-233
BCE) and his conversion to Buddhism.  After closing this box by
clicking on the X at the top left corner, click on “Show Hotspots”
and two hotspots will appear.  Click on each and read the
accompanying text.  Afterwards, click on the Video link on the right
side of the page and watch the video about the edicts of Ashoka. 
Note that the Buddha was not portrayed in human form in early
Buddhist art.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Web Media: YouTube: The Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “The Stupa” Link: The Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “The Stupa” (YouTube)

    Also available in:
    iTunes U

    Instructions: Please watch the video in its entirety to get a good overview of the different forms and functions of stupas.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Lecture: Sophia: Aleisha Olson’s “The Great Stupa at Sanchi” Link: Sophia: Aleisha Olson’s “The Great Stupa at Sanchi” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: View this lecture. It explains the architectural features and function of the Great Stupa at Sanchi.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license. It is attributed to Aleisha Olson and the original version can be found here

1.2.3 The Kushan Empire (c. 2nd century BCE-3rd century CE)   - Reading: University of Washington’s “Art of the Silk Road: The Kushan Empire” Link: University of Washington’s “Art of the Silk Road: The Kushan Empire” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read the introduction about the Kushan Empire and
then click on each of the images on the left.  Please focus on the
two Buddhist sculptures that represent the two different styles of
Buddhist sculpture (Mathuran and Gandharan) under the Kushan Empire,
when the Buddha was depicted in human form for the first time.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Kurt A. Behrendt’s “The Art and Architecture of Gandhara: A Cultural History, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Behrendt’s “The Art and Architecture of Gandhara: A Cultural History, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please view the entirety of Lectures 47 and 48 by  Kurt A. Behrendt from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Passport to Asia: An Odyssey through Asian Art and History” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Assessment: The Saylor Foundation’s “Guided Observation 1: Buddhist Iconography and Kushan Buddhist Sculpture” The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

1.2.4 The Ajanta Caves   - Reading: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Ajanta Caves” Link: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Ajanta Caves” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read this website about the Ajanta Caves.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.3 Hindu Art and Architecture   1.3.1 Overview of Hinduism and Hindu Art   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Hinduism and Hindu Art” Link: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “Hinduism and Hindu Art” (HTML)

 Instructions: Read this brief overview of Hinduism and Hindu Art. 
After you have read the text, click on “View Slideshow” and view
some examples of Hindu Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Click
on each individual image and read the accompanying text.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.3.2 Chola Bronzes (c. 9th-13th centuries CE)   - Reading: The Freer and Sackler Gallery’s “The Sensuous and the Sacred: Chola Bronzes from South India” Link: The Freer and Sackler Gallery’s “The Sensuous and the Sacred: Chola Bronzes from South India” (Adobe Flash)

 Instructions: Click on and read each of the headings that appear on
the page: “Who’s Who in Bronze,” “Process: From Wax to God,”
“Practice: Hinduism in India and America,” and History of the Chola
Dynasty.”  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Web Media: YouTube: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Beliefs Made Visible: Hindu Art in South Asia (Part I)” Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Beliefs Made Visible: Hindu Art in South Asia (Part I)” (YouTube)

    Also available in:
    iTunes U

    Instructions: Please view the video in its entirety (30 minutes).

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

1.3.3 Ellora: Kailasanatha   - Web Media: YouTube: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Beliefs Made Visible: Hindu Art in South Asia (Part I)” Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s“Beliefs Made Visible: Hindu Art in South Asia (Part I)” (YouTube)

 Also available in:  
 [iTunes
U](http://deimos3.apple.com/WebObjects/Core.woa/Browse/asianart.org-dz.4229306435?i=2088608176)  

 Instructions: Please view the video in its entirety (30 minutes).  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.</span>
  • Reading: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Ellora Caves—Brahmanical Group: Cave 16 (Kailasa)” Link: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Ellora Caves—Brahmanical Group: Cave 16 (Kailasa)” (HTML)

    Instructions: Read the text under the heading, “Cave 16 (Kailasa).”

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Web Media: YouTube: Yadabaclandekrisnha’s “Kailasa” Link: YouTube: Yadabaclandekrisnha’s “Kailasa” (YouTube)
     
    Instructions: View this short video on the architecture at Kailasa.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. It is attributed to Yadabaclandekrisnhaand the original version can be found here.

1.3.4 Mahabalipuram   - Reading: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Mahabalipuram” and “Mahabalipuram: The Monolithic Temples” Links: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Mahabalipuram” (HTML) and “Mahabalipuram: The Monolithic Temples” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the text on both pages as an introduction
to the Monolithic Hindu temples at Mahabalipuram.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Web Media: 1001 Wonders’s Interactive Map of Mahabalipuram The Saylor Foundation does not yet have materials for this portion of the course. If you are interested in contributing your content to fill this gap or aware of a resource that could be used here, please submit it here.

    Submit Materials

1.3.5 Dravidian/Southern Temple Architecture: The Chola Empire   - Reading: Archaeological Survey of India’s “General Features of a Chola Temple” and “The Great Living Chola Temples” Link: Archaeological Survey of India’s “General Features of a Chola Temple” (HTML) and Archaeological Survey of India’s “The Great Living Chola Temples” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the brief overview of the general
features of Dravidian/Southern Temples and then the first section on
the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.

1.3.6 Nagaran/Northern Temple Architecture   - Reading: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Khajuraho” Link: Archaeological Survey of India’s “Khajuraho” (HTML)

 Instructions: Please read the text about the site of Khajuraho.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Web Media: Vimeo: Ggia’s “March 2012 - Part 3: Khajuraho, India” Link: Vimeo: Ggia’s “March 2012 - Part 3: Khajuraho, India” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: View this video describing the Hindu temples at Khajuraho.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license. It is attributed to Ggia and the original version can be found here.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Mary-Ann Milford’s “The Hindu Temple and Its Evolution in North and South India, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Mary-Ann Milford’s “The Hindu Temple and Its Evolution in North and South India, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)
     
    Instructions: Please view the entirety of Lectures 11 and 12 by Professor Mary-Ann Milford from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Divine and Earthly Visions: Arts of South and West Asia” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

1.4 Islamic Art of the Mughal Empire (1526-1858)   1.4.1 General Characteristics of Islamic Art   - Reading: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “The Birth of Islam,” “Figural Representation in Islamic Art,” and “Geometric Patterns in Islamic Art” Links: The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History’s “The Birth of Islam,” (HTML) “Figural Representation in Islamic Art,” (HTML) and “Geometric Patterns in Islamic Art,”

 Instructions: Read these brief overviews of Islam and the
characteristics of Islamic Art.  After you have read the text on
each page, click on “View Slideshow” and view some examples of
Islamic Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  

 Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use
displayed on the webpage above.
  • Reading: The Victoria and Albert Museum’s “Calligraphy in Islamic Art,” and “Plant Motifs in Islamic Art” Links: The Victoria and Albert Museum’s “Calligraphy in Islamic Art,” (PDF) and “Plant Motifs in Islamic Art” (PDF)

    Instructions: Please read these pages as an introduction to the development and use of Arabic calligraphy and plant motifs in Islamic art.

    Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of the Victoria and Albert Museum. The “Calligraphy” page can be viewed in its original form here and the “Plant Motif” page can be viewed in its original form here.  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

1.4.2 Mughal Art and Architecture   - Reading: The Victoria and Albert Museum’s “The Age of the Mughals” and “Life and Art in the Mughal Court” Links: The Victoria and Albert Museum’s “The Age of the Mughals” and “Life and Art in the Mughal Court

 Instructions: Please read these two pages as an introduction to the
Mughals and Mughal Art. After you are finished reading each page,
click on the link at the bottom of the page to view “Related images
from the collections” and read about objects related to the Mughals
in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum.  

 Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the
kind permission of the *[Victoria and Albert
Museum](http://www.vam.ac.uk/).* The  “Age of the Mughals” page can
be viewed in its original form
[here](http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/t/the-age-of-the-mughals/)
and the “Life and Art” page can be viewed in its original form
[here](http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/l/life-and-art-in-the-mughal-court/).
Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be
reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the
copyright holder.
  • Reading: PBS: The Story of India’s “Fatehpur Sikri” Link: PBS: The Story of India’s “Fatehpur Sikri” (Adobe Flash)

    Instructions: Click on “Display All” above the top right corner of the photograph.  Read all of the sections of text that will then appear below the photograph and watch the two videos, “Emperor Akbar” and “Fatehpur Sikri.”

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: Boundless: “Architecture” Link: Boundless: “Architecture” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Read this article, which defines Mughal architecture and its history.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It is attributed to Boundless. 

  • Web Media: Vimeo: Ggia’s “5 - 6 March 2012 - Part 4: Mughals in Agra and Fatehpur Sikri” Link: Vimeo: Ggia’s “5 - 6 March 2012 - Part 4: Mughals in Agra and Fatehpur Sikri” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: View this video documenting Mughal architecture in Agra and Fatehpur Sikri.

    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license. It is attributed to Ggia and the original version can be found here

  • Reading: That and This in Mumbai: Sudhagee’s “Fatehpur Sikri: Poetry in Red Sandstone and Blue Skies” Link: That and This in Mumbai: Sudhagee’s “Fatehpur Sikri: Poetry in Red Sandstone and Blue Skies” (HTML)
     
    Instructions: Read this article about the history and architectural monuments at Fatehpur Sikri.
     
    Terms of Use: This resource is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 India License. It is attributed to Sudhagee.

  • Lecture: iTunes U: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Catherine Asher’s “Visions of Paradise: The Tradition of the Taj Majal, Part I and II” Lectures Link: Asian Art Museum of San Francisco: Professor Catherine Asher’s “Visions of Paradise: The Tradition of the Taj Mahal, Part I and II” Lectures (iTunes U)

    Instructions: Please view the entirety of Lectures 34 and 35 by Professor Catherine Asher from the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco’s “Passport to Asia: An Odyssey through Asian Art and History” lecture series.

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.

  • Reading: PBS: The Story of India’s “Taj Mahal” Link: PBS: Story of India’s “Taj Mahal” (Adobe Flash)

    Instructions: Click on “Display All” above the top right corner of the photograph.  Read all of the sections of text and watch the video, “Taj Mahal.”

    Terms of Use: Please respect the copyright and terms of use displayed on the webpage above.